Abstract

A polarimetric study of random laser (RL) emitted from dye-doped nematic liquid crystals (NLCs) is presented. We observed linearly polarized light, the orientation of which is in proximity to the bisection between the polarization direction at the maximal scattering in NLCs and the nematic director. Any arbitrary linear polarization of RLs can be obtained by rotating the NLC sample. The efficiency and output uniformity over the complete direction angle of 2π can be optimized by choosing a proper pump polarization.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Nat. Photonics 6, 355 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Knitter, M. Kues, and C. Fallnich, Opt. Lett. 37, 3621 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

2008

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ferjani, L. Sorriso-Valvo, A. De Luca, V. Barna, R. De Marco, and G. Strangi, Phys. Rev. E 78, 011707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, and R. Bartolino, Opt. Express 14, 7737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, and G. Strangi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. S. P. Leong, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, and S. P. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 091116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. Gottardo, S. Cavalieri, O. Yaroshchuk, and D. S. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 263901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Wu, A. Yamilov, H. Noh, H. Cao, E. W. Seelig, and R. P. H. Chang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 159 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abiyasa, A. P.

E. S. P. Leong, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, and S. P. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 091116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Anastasiadis, S. H.

Andreasen, J.

Anglos, D.

Asatryan, A. A.

Barna, V.

S. Ferjani, L. Sorriso-Valvo, A. De Luca, V. Barna, R. De Marco, and G. Strangi, Phys. Rev. E 78, 011707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, and G. Strangi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, and R. Bartolino, Opt. Express 14, 7737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bartolino, R.

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, and R. Bartolino, Opt. Express 14, 7737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, and G. Strangi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Botten, L. C.

Byrne, M. A.

Cao, H.

Caulfield, H. J.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cavalieri, S.

S. Gottardo, S. Cavalieri, O. Yaroshchuk, and D. S. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 263901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. P. H.

Choma, M. A.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Nat. Photonics 6, 355 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Opt. Lett. 36, 3404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Conti, C.

M. Leonetti, C. Conti, and C. Lopez, Nat. Photonics 5, 615 (2011).
[CrossRef]

De Luca, A.

S. Ferjani, L. Sorriso-Valvo, A. De Luca, V. Barna, R. De Marco, and G. Strangi, Phys. Rev. E 78, 011707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, and G. Strangi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, and R. Bartolino, Opt. Express 14, 7737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Marco, R.

S. Ferjani, L. Sorriso-Valvo, A. De Luca, V. Barna, R. De Marco, and G. Strangi, Phys. Rev. E 78, 011707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Egarievwe, S. U.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

Ferjani, S.

S. Ferjani, L. Sorriso-Valvo, A. De Luca, V. Barna, R. De Marco, and G. Strangi, Phys. Rev. E 78, 011707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, and G. Strangi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, and R. Bartolino, Opt. Express 14, 7737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ge, L.

Giannelis, E. P.

Gottardo, S.

S. Gottardo, S. Cavalieri, O. Yaroshchuk, and D. S. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 263901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, B.-Y.

Huang, S.-Y.

Jiang, X.

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Knitter, S.

Kues, M.

Kuo, C.-T.

Labonte, L.

Lau, S. P.

E. S. P. Leong, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, and S. P. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 091116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-R.

Leonetti, M.

M. Leonetti, C. Conti, and C. Lopez, Nat. Photonics 5, 615 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Leong, E. S. P.

E. S. P. Leong, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, and S. P. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 091116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.-D.

Lin, S.-H.

Lopez, C.

M. Leonetti, C. Conti, and C. Lopez, Nat. Photonics 5, 615 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mo, T.-S.

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Noginova, N.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Noh, H.

Papadakis, V. M.

Papazoglou, D. G.

Redding, B.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Nat. Photonics 6, 355 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Opt. Lett. 36, 3404 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rotter, S.

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scaramuzza, N.

S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, and G. Strangi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, and R. Bartolino, Opt. Express 14, 7737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sebbah, P.

Seelig, E. W.

Sorriso-Valvo, L.

S. Ferjani, L. Sorriso-Valvo, A. De Luca, V. Barna, R. De Marco, and G. Strangi, Phys. Rev. E 78, 011707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stassinopoulos, A.

Stone, A. D.

Strangi, G.

S. Ferjani, L. Sorriso-Valvo, A. De Luca, V. Barna, R. De Marco, and G. Strangi, Phys. Rev. E 78, 011707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, and G. Strangi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, and R. Bartolino, Opt. Express 14, 7737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tureci, H. E.

Türeci, H. E.

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vanneste, C.

Versace, C.

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, and R. Bartolino, Opt. Express 14, 7737 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, and G. Strangi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. C.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Gottardo, S. Cavalieri, O. Yaroshchuk, and D. S. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 263901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X. H.

Yamilov, A.

Yaroshchuk, O.

S. Gottardo, S. Cavalieri, O. Yaroshchuk, and D. S. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 263901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, H.-C.

Yu, S. F.

E. S. P. Leong, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, and S. P. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 091116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, and G. Strangi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 121109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. S. P. Leong, S. F. Yu, A. P. Abiyasa, and S. P. Lau, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 091116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Photonics

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, Nat. Photonics 6, 355 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Leonetti, C. Conti, and C. Lopez, Nat. Photonics 5, 615 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys.

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

S. Ferjani, L. Sorriso-Valvo, A. De Luca, V. Barna, R. De Marco, and G. Strangi, Phys. Rev. E 78, 011707 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Vanneste, P. Sebbah, and H. Cao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Gottardo, S. Cavalieri, O. Yaroshchuk, and D. S. Wiersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 263901 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Science

H. E. Türeci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. A, P, WP, L, F, and D are the attenuator, polarizer, wave plate (including quarter-wave/half-wave plates), lens, bandpass filter centered at 630 nm, and high-speed photodetector, respectively. S is the dye-doped NLC cell. (It was positioned as shown in the inset with the front side and back side marked with ABCD and EFGH, respectively. The sample could be rotated in the xy plane to form any arbitrary angle between the nematic director and the x axis. The xy plane is perpendicular to the optical table.) (b) Fluorescence and lasing spectra from the dye-doped NLC cell, (c) transmitted intensity of a linearly polarized incident laser beam at 633 nm versus the angle θ1 between the polarization direction of the beam and the nematic director.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Normalized polarized emission of RL under linear pump polarization (along the x axis) and elliptical pump polarization. The solid curve indicates the theoretical distribution for a complete linear polarization with an orientation of 10° from the x axis.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Normalized polarized emission of RL for the sample rotated 45° from the x axis in the xy plane clockwise and counterclockwise, respectively. The dashed line shows the approximate orientation of the linear polarization of RL before rotating the sample. (b) Dependence of the intensity ratio IT/IF on the angle between the polarization direction of the analyzer and the x axis under circular pump polarization, for the sample rotated from the x axis 0°, 45°, and 90° in the xy plane.

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