Abstract

We present a beam characterization system for infrared lasers which can measure both wavefront and beam profile with visible detectors. While previous studies demonstrated the conversion from the visible to the near infrared, this device exploits the wavelength conversion from the infrared to the visible, which is based on the refractive index change because of the optical switching of a vanadium dioxide layer. This technique can be applied over a broad spectral range from the visible to the infrared and potentially to the terahertz.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Tyson, Adaptive Optics Engineering Handbook (CRC, 1999).
  3. ISO/DIS 11146: “Test methods for laser beam parameters—beam widths divergence angle and beam propagation factor,” (1999).
  4. B. Schafer and K. Mann, Appl. Opt. 41, 2809 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. J. Tiziani and J. H. Chen, J. Mod. Opt. 44, 535 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, in Optical Fabrication and Testing of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.
  7. P. J. Treado, I. W. Levin, and N. Lewis, Appl. Spectrosc. 48, 607 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Chen, X. Yi, X. Zhao, and B. Xiong, Sens. Actuators A Phys. 90, 212 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. S. Dam, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, and C. Pedersen, Nat. Photonics 6, 788 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Karstad, A. Stefanov, M. Wegmuller, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, T. Aellen, M. Beck, and J. Faist, Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 537 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Bonora, U. Bortolozzo, S. Residori, R. Balu, and P. V. Ashrit, Opt. Lett. 35, 103 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Hache, P. A. Do, and S. Bonora, Appl. Opt. 51, 6578 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Balu and P. V. Ashrit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021904 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Bonora, D. Coburn, U. Bortolozzo, C. Dainty, and S. Residori, Opt. Express 20, 5178 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Bonora, Opt. Commun. 284, 3467 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, C. Spezzani, M. Coreno, M. Negro, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, Appl. Phys. B 106, 905 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. D. Schmidt, Numerical Simulation of Optical Wave Propagation (SPIE, 2010).

2012 (4)

J. S. Dam, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, and C. Pedersen, Nat. Photonics 6, 788 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, C. Spezzani, M. Coreno, M. Negro, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, Appl. Phys. B 106, 905 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Bonora, D. Coburn, U. Bortolozzo, C. Dainty, and S. Residori, Opt. Express 20, 5178 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Hache, P. A. Do, and S. Bonora, Appl. Opt. 51, 6578 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

S. Bonora, Opt. Commun. 284, 3467 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

R. Balu and P. V. Ashrit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

K. Karstad, A. Stefanov, M. Wegmuller, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, T. Aellen, M. Beck, and J. Faist, Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

C. Chen, X. Yi, X. Zhao, and B. Xiong, Sens. Actuators A Phys. 90, 212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

H. J. Tiziani and J. H. Chen, J. Mod. Opt. 44, 535 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Aellen, T.

K. Karstad, A. Stefanov, M. Wegmuller, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, T. Aellen, M. Beck, and J. Faist, Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ashrit, P. V.

Balu, R.

Beck, M.

K. Karstad, A. Stefanov, M. Wegmuller, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, T. Aellen, M. Beck, and J. Faist, Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bonora, S.

S. Bonora, D. Coburn, U. Bortolozzo, C. Dainty, and S. Residori, Opt. Express 20, 5178 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Hache, P. A. Do, and S. Bonora, Appl. Opt. 51, 6578 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, C. Spezzani, M. Coreno, M. Negro, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, Appl. Phys. B 106, 905 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Bonora, Opt. Commun. 284, 3467 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Bonora, U. Bortolozzo, S. Residori, R. Balu, and P. V. Ashrit, Opt. Lett. 35, 103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bortolozzo, U.

Capraro, I.

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

C. Chen, X. Yi, X. Zhao, and B. Xiong, Sens. Actuators A Phys. 90, 212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. H.

H. J. Tiziani and J. H. Chen, J. Mod. Opt. 44, 535 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Clark, S.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, in Optical Fabrication and Testing of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Coburn, D.

Coraggia, S.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, C. Spezzani, M. Coreno, M. Negro, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, Appl. Phys. B 106, 905 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Coreno, M.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, C. Spezzani, M. Coreno, M. Negro, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, Appl. Phys. B 106, 905 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dainty, C.

Dam, J. S.

J. S. Dam, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, and C. Pedersen, Nat. Photonics 6, 788 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Devetta, M.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, C. Spezzani, M. Coreno, M. Negro, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, Appl. Phys. B 106, 905 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Do, P. A.

Faist, J.

K. Karstad, A. Stefanov, M. Wegmuller, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, T. Aellen, M. Beck, and J. Faist, Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Frassetto, F.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, C. Spezzani, M. Coreno, M. Negro, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, Appl. Phys. B 106, 905 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gappinger, R.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, in Optical Fabrication and Testing of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Gisin, N.

K. Karstad, A. Stefanov, M. Wegmuller, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, T. Aellen, M. Beck, and J. Faist, Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Greivenkamp, J. E.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, in Optical Fabrication and Testing of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Gupta, A.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, in Optical Fabrication and Testing of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Hache, A.

Karstad, K.

K. Karstad, A. Stefanov, M. Wegmuller, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, T. Aellen, M. Beck, and J. Faist, Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, in Optical Fabrication and Testing of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Lerner, S. A.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, in Optical Fabrication and Testing of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Levin, I. W.

Lewis, N.

Mann, K.

Marushin, P.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, in Optical Fabrication and Testing of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Negro, M.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, C. Spezzani, M. Coreno, M. Negro, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, Appl. Phys. B 106, 905 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, C.

J. S. Dam, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, and C. Pedersen, Nat. Photonics 6, 788 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Poletto, L.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, C. Spezzani, M. Coreno, M. Negro, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, Appl. Phys. B 106, 905 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Residori, S.

Romanin, M.

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sasian, J.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, in Optical Fabrication and Testing of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Schafer, B.

Schmidt, J. D.

J. D. Schmidt, Numerical Simulation of Optical Wave Propagation (SPIE, 2010).

Smith, D.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, in Optical Fabrication and Testing of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Spezzani, C.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, C. Spezzani, M. Coreno, M. Negro, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, Appl. Phys. B 106, 905 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, C. Spezzani, M. Coreno, M. Negro, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, Appl. Phys. B 106, 905 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stefanov, A.

K. Karstad, A. Stefanov, M. Wegmuller, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, T. Aellen, M. Beck, and J. Faist, Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tidemand-Lichtenberg, P.

J. S. Dam, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, and C. Pedersen, Nat. Photonics 6, 788 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tiziani, H. J.

H. J. Tiziani and J. H. Chen, J. Mod. Opt. 44, 535 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Treado, P. J.

Trestino, C.

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tyson, R.

R. Tyson, Adaptive Optics Engineering Handbook (CRC, 1999).

Villoresi, P.

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, C. Spezzani, M. Coreno, M. Negro, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, Appl. Phys. B 106, 905 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wegmuller, M.

K. Karstad, A. Stefanov, M. Wegmuller, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, T. Aellen, M. Beck, and J. Faist, Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Williby, G.

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, in Optical Fabrication and Testing of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

Xiong, B.

C. Chen, X. Yi, X. Zhao, and B. Xiong, Sens. Actuators A Phys. 90, 212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yi, X.

C. Chen, X. Yi, X. Zhao, and B. Xiong, Sens. Actuators A Phys. 90, 212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

K. Karstad, A. Stefanov, M. Wegmuller, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, T. Aellen, M. Beck, and J. Faist, Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

C. Chen, X. Yi, X. Zhao, and B. Xiong, Sens. Actuators A Phys. 90, 212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. Bonora, F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, C. Spezzani, M. Coreno, M. Negro, M. Devetta, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, Appl. Phys. B 106, 905 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Balu and P. V. Ashrit, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

H. J. Tiziani and J. H. Chen, J. Mod. Opt. 44, 535 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. S. Dam, P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, and C. Pedersen, Nat. Photonics 6, 788 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Bonora, Opt. Commun. 284, 3467 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

K. Karstad, A. Stefanov, M. Wegmuller, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, T. Aellen, M. Beck, and J. Faist, Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators A Phys. (1)

C. Chen, X. Yi, X. Zhao, and B. Xiong, Sens. Actuators A Phys. 90, 212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. D. Schmidt, Numerical Simulation of Optical Wave Propagation (SPIE, 2010).

R. Tyson, Adaptive Optics Engineering Handbook (CRC, 1999).

ISO/DIS 11146: “Test methods for laser beam parameters—beam widths divergence angle and beam propagation factor,” (1999).

D. Smith, J. E. Greivenkamp, R. Gappinger, G. Williby, P. Marushin, A. Gupta, S. A. Lerner, S. Clark, J. Lee, and J. Sasian, in Optical Fabrication and Testing of OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper OTuC4.

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