Abstract

We propose and experimentally validate a technique for four-wave mixing background suppression in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy. It is based on the interaction of the signals generated from the Kerr third-order nonlinearity and the cascaded quadratic process in a nonlinear crystal. Theoretical analysis agrees well with the experimental results, which provide a quantitative assessment of different contributions and allow extraction of the nonlinearity parameters.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (2)

2012 (2)

M. T. Cicerone, K. A. Aamer, Y. J. Lee, and E. Vartiainen, J. Raman Spectrosc. 43, 637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, J. Liu, and V. V. Yakovlev, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 021114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Bremer, P. J. Wrzesinski, N. Butcher, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 101109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci 36, 280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, A. Zhang, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, Opt. Lett. 35, 721 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, J. Mod. Opt. 55, 3237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Zhang, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 33, 1494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2004 (2)

C. L. Evans, E. O. Potma, and X. S. Xie, Opt. Lett. 29, 2923 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, Opt. Commun. 229, 441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Volkmer, L. D. Book, and X. S. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1505 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1992 (1)

1979 (2)

K. A. Marko and L. Rimai, Opt. Lett. 4, 211 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Oudar, R. W. Smith, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 758 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

A. T. Sukhodol’skii, J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 27, 173 (1978).

Aamer, K. A.

M. T. Cicerone, K. A. Aamer, Y. J. Lee, and E. Vartiainen, J. Raman Spectrosc. 43, 637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ariunbold, G. O.

Arora, R.

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, J. Liu, and V. V. Yakovlev, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 021114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, J. Mod. Opt. 55, 3237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bache, M.

M. Bache, H. Guo, B. Zhou, and X. Zeng, Opt. Mater. Express 3, 357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache and R. Schiek, arXiv:1211.1721va [Phys. Opt.] (2012).

Banks, P. S.

Book, L. D.

A. Volkmer, L. D. Book, and X. S. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1505 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bremer, M. T.

M. T. Bremer, P. J. Wrzesinski, N. Butcher, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 101109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Butcher, N.

M. T. Bremer, P. J. Wrzesinski, N. Butcher, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 101109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cicerone, M. T.

M. T. Cicerone, K. A. Aamer, Y. J. Lee, and E. Vartiainen, J. Raman Spectrosc. 43, 637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dantus, M.

M. T. Bremer, P. J. Wrzesinski, N. Butcher, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 101109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. J.

Dudovich, N.

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Evans, C. L.

Feit, M. D.

Gord, J. R.

Guo, H.

Khurgin, J. B.

Kobayashi, T.

Kulatilaka, W. D.

Lee, S. J.

Lee, Y. J.

M. T. Cicerone, K. A. Aamer, Y. J. Lee, and E. Vartiainen, J. Raman Spectrosc. 43, 637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, J. Liu, and V. V. Yakovlev, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 021114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Zhang, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 33, 1494 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lozovoy, V. V.

M. T. Bremer, P. J. Wrzesinski, N. Butcher, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 101109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lucht, R. P.

Marko, K. A.

Minkovski, N. I.

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, Opt. Commun. 229, 441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Murawski, R. K.

Obeidat, A.

Oron, D.

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oudar, J.-L.

J.-L. Oudar, R. W. Smith, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 758 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Patnaik, A. K.

S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci 36, 280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

Pestov, D.

Petrov, G. I.

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, J. Liu, and V. V. Yakovlev, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 021114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, J. Mod. Opt. 55, 3237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, Opt. Commun. 229, 441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Potma, E. O.

Richardson, D. R.

Rimai, L.

Roy, S.

Sautenkov, V. A.

Schiek, R.

M. Bache and R. Schiek, arXiv:1211.1721va [Phys. Opt.] (2012).

Scully, M. O.

Shen, Y. R.

J.-L. Oudar, R. W. Smith, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 758 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. W.

J.-L. Oudar, R. W. Smith, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 758 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, A. V.

Sukhodol’skii, A. T.

A. T. Sukhodol’skii, J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 27, 173 (1978).

Vartiainen, E.

M. T. Cicerone, K. A. Aamer, Y. J. Lee, and E. Vartiainen, J. Raman Spectrosc. 43, 637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vartiainen, E. M.

Volkmer, A.

A. Volkmer, L. D. Book, and X. S. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1505 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Welch, G. R.

Wise, F. W.

M. Bache and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wrzesinski, P. J.

M. T. Bremer, P. J. Wrzesinski, N. Butcher, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 101109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X. S.

C. L. Evans, E. O. Potma, and X. S. Xie, Opt. Lett. 29, 2923 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Volkmer, L. D. Book, and X. S. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1505 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. V.

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, J. Liu, and V. V. Yakovlev, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 021114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, J. Mod. Opt. 55, 3237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, Opt. Commun. 229, 441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, X.

Zhang, A.

Zhang, J.

Zhi, M.

Zhou, B.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. T. Bremer, P. J. Wrzesinski, N. Butcher, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 101109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Oudar, R. W. Smith, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 758 (1979).
[CrossRef]

A. Volkmer, L. D. Book, and X. S. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1505 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, J. Liu, and V. V. Yakovlev, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 021114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. T. Sukhodol’skii, J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 27, 173 (1978).

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, and V. V. Yakovlev, J. Mod. Opt. 55, 3237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

M. T. Cicerone, K. A. Aamer, Y. J. Lee, and E. Vartiainen, J. Raman Spectrosc. 43, 637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and N. I. Minkovski, Opt. Commun. 229, 441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Bache and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (1)

R. Arora, G. I. Petrov, V. V. Yakovlev, and M. O. Scully, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 109, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Energy Combust. Sci (1)

S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci 36, 280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Bache and R. Schiek, arXiv:1211.1721va [Phys. Opt.] (2012).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Left: experimental setup schematics. PBS: polarizing beam splitter; HWP: half-wave plate; SPF: short pass filter (<1000nm); L: lens; SC: super continuum; DM: dichroic mirror. Right: definition of the crystal coordinates and o, e polarization orientations.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Signal spectra at various phase mismatch angles when (a) both pump/probe and Stokes beams are o-polarized and (b) e-polarized. In (c), the spectrum at phase match angle 6 deg is shown at two different vertical scales for clarity.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Comparison of (a) experimentally measured and (b) theoretically calculated spectral shapes for the 623cm1 line as one varies the phase mismatching angle. In the experimental data, the line shape at the perfect phase matching [green line in (a)] is overwhelmed by the nonresonant background.

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