Abstract

Closed-form expressions explicitly relating modulation bandwidth and active length in electro-optic traveling wave modulators are presented which fully account for skin-effect electrode loss and optical-electrical wave velocities mismatch. Four operative margins have been identified where the bandwidth–length trade-off figure of merit takes simple forms.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. C. Alferness, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 30, 1121 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).
  4. R. Alferness, S. Korotky, and E. Marcatili, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Chowdhury and L. McCaughan, Opt. Lett. 26, 1317 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Janner, D. Tulli, M. Belmonte, and V. Pruneri, J. Opt. A 10, 1 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Haxha, M. A. Rahman, and K. T. V. Grattan, Appl. Opt. 42, 2674 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. Mitomi, K. Noguchi, and H. Miyazaka, IEEE Proc. Optoelectron. 145, 360 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, and H. Miyazawa, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 615 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Aoki, J. Kondo, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, in 2006 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2006), p. 1.
  11. K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, K. Kawano, and M. Yanagibashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 52 (1993).
  12. M. Rangaraj, T. Hosoi, and M. Kondo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1020 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Minakata, Proc. SPIE 4532, 16 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

D. Janner, D. Tulli, M. Belmonte, and V. Pruneri, J. Opt. A 10, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (2)

2000 (1)

L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

O. Mitomi, K. Noguchi, and H. Miyazaka, IEEE Proc. Optoelectron. 145, 360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, and H. Miyazawa, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 615 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, K. Kawano, and M. Yanagibashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 52 (1993).

1992 (1)

M. Rangaraj, T. Hosoi, and M. Kondo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1020 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

R. Alferness, S. Korotky, and E. Marcatili, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

R. C. Alferness, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 30, 1121 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Alferness, R.

R. Alferness, S. Korotky, and E. Marcatili, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Alferness, R. C.

R. C. Alferness, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 30, 1121 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Aoki, K.

K. Aoki, J. Kondo, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, in 2006 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2006), p. 1.

Attanasio, D.

L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Belmonte, M.

D. Janner, D. Tulli, M. Belmonte, and V. Pruneri, J. Opt. A 10, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bossi, D.

L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, A.

Ejiri, T.

K. Aoki, J. Kondo, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, in 2006 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2006), p. 1.

Fritz, D.

L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Grattan, K. T. V.

Hallemeir, P.

L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hamajima, A.

K. Aoki, J. Kondo, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, in 2006 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2006), p. 1.

Haxha, S.

Hosoi, T.

M. Rangaraj, T. Hosoi, and M. Kondo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1020 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Iwata, Y.

K. Aoki, J. Kondo, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, in 2006 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2006), p. 1.

Janner, D.

D. Janner, D. Tulli, M. Belmonte, and V. Pruneri, J. Opt. A 10, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kawano, K.

K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, K. Kawano, and M. Yanagibashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 52 (1993).

Kissa, K.

L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, J.

K. Aoki, J. Kondo, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, in 2006 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2006), p. 1.

Kondo, M.

M. Rangaraj, T. Hosoi, and M. Kondo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1020 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Korotky, S.

R. Alferness, S. Korotky, and E. Marcatili, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lafaw, D.

L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Maack, D.

L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Marcatili, E.

R. Alferness, S. Korotky, and E. Marcatili, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (1984).
[CrossRef]

McBrien, G.

L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McCaughan, L.

Minakata, M.

M. Minakata, Proc. SPIE 4532, 16 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Aoki, J. Kondo, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, in 2006 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2006), p. 1.

Mitomi, O.

K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, and H. Miyazawa, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 615 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O. Mitomi, K. Noguchi, and H. Miyazaka, IEEE Proc. Optoelectron. 145, 360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, K. Kawano, and M. Yanagibashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 52 (1993).

K. Aoki, J. Kondo, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, in 2006 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2006), p. 1.

Miyazaka, H.

O. Mitomi, K. Noguchi, and H. Miyazaka, IEEE Proc. Optoelectron. 145, 360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miyazawa, H.

Murphy, E.

L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Noguchi, K.

K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, and H. Miyazawa, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 615 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O. Mitomi, K. Noguchi, and H. Miyazaka, IEEE Proc. Optoelectron. 145, 360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, K. Kawano, and M. Yanagibashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 52 (1993).

Pruneri, V.

D. Janner, D. Tulli, M. Belmonte, and V. Pruneri, J. Opt. A 10, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rahman, M. A.

Rangaraj, M.

M. Rangaraj, T. Hosoi, and M. Kondo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1020 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, B. E. A.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).

Teich, M. C.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).

Tulli, D.

D. Janner, D. Tulli, M. Belmonte, and V. Pruneri, J. Opt. A 10, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wooten, L.

L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yanagibashi, M.

K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, K. Kawano, and M. Yanagibashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 52 (1993).

Yi-Yam, A.

L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Alferness, S. Korotky, and E. Marcatili, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6, 69 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron (1)

L. Wooten, K. Kissa, A. Yi-Yam, E. Murphy, D. Lafaw, P. Hallemeir, D. Maack, D. Attanasio, D. Fritz, G. McBrien, and D. Bossi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, K. Kawano, and M. Yanagibashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 52 (1993).

M. Rangaraj, T. Hosoi, and M. Kondo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1020 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Proc. Optoelectron. (1)

O. Mitomi, K. Noguchi, and H. Miyazaka, IEEE Proc. Optoelectron. 145, 360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

R. C. Alferness, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 30, 1121 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. A (1)

D. Janner, D. Tulli, M. Belmonte, and V. Pruneri, J. Opt. A 10, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Minakata, Proc. SPIE 4532, 16 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).

K. Aoki, J. Kondo, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, in 2006 European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2006), p. 1.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Normalized BNLN chart.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters of the Reference Structures

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

M(f)=eα0fL2[sinh2(α0fL2)+sin2(πfνL)(α0fL2)2+(πfνL)2]1/2,
M(Be)=1/2,M(Bo)=1/2.
B(e,o)=kν(e,o)νL;α00,B(e,o)=kα(e,o)α02L2;ν0,
B2L2+kν2kαα0ν2BL=kν2ν2.
BM=kν2kαα02ν2,
LM=12kαkννα02,
BN=BBM=(2LN)2/3T[1T3/21]2,
LN=LLM=BN3/2[4BN+11],
T=12W1/3(S1/3S1/3),
S=W+1+W2,
W=33/225LN.

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