Abstract

In this Letter, we reported on an ultrahigh birefringence photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with a germanium-doped elliptical core, which is fabricated in our lab using the stack-and-draw method. An ultrahigh birefringence of 1.1×102 is obtained experimentally, which is close to the theoretical value of 1.4×102 at the wavelength of 1550 nm. To our knowledge, this is the highest birefringence reported to date for fabricated index-guiding PCF. Fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) were written in the fiber to confirm its ultrahigh birefringence, and we demonstrated the capability to simultaneously measure the FBG’s pressure and temperature experimentally. Because of the large separation of the two FBG peaks (>12nm), such fiber is a promising candidate for a single polarization device.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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Chung, K. M.

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[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

Fávero, F. C.

F. C. Fávero, S. M. M. Quintero, C. Martelli, A. M. B. Braga, V. V. Silva, I. C. S. Carvalho, R. W. A. Llerena, and L. C. G. Valente, Sensors 10, 9698 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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O. Frazao and C. Jesus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1277 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Fu, L. B.

M. L. V. Tse, K. M. Chung, L. Dong, B. K. Thomas, L. B. Fu, K. C. D. Cheng, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, Opt. Express 18, 17373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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F. C. Fávero, S. M. M. Quintero, C. Martelli, A. M. B. Braga, V. V. Silva, I. C. S. Carvalho, R. W. A. Llerena, and L. C. G. Valente, Sensors 10, 9698 (2010).
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Tam, H.-Y.

Tenderenda, T.

Thomas, B. K.

M. L. V. Tse, K. M. Chung, L. Dong, B. K. Thomas, L. B. Fu, K. C. D. Cheng, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, Opt. Express 18, 17373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Tse, M. L. V.

M. L. V. Tse, K. M. Chung, L. Dong, B. K. Thomas, L. B. Fu, K. C. D. Cheng, C. Lu, and H. Y. Tam, Opt. Express 18, 17373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. V. Tse, H. Y. Tam, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tse, M.-L. V.

Urbanczyk, W.

M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbanczyk, in International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2006), pp. 174–177.

Valente, L. C. G.

F. C. Fávero, S. M. M. Quintero, C. Martelli, A. M. B. Braga, V. V. Silva, I. C. S. Carvalho, R. W. A. Llerena, and L. C. G. Valente, Sensors 10, 9698 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Venkataraman, N.

Wadsworth, W.

Wai, P. K. A.

M. L. V. Tse, H. Y. Tam, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Fu, H. Y. Tam, L.-Y. Shao, X. Dong, P. K. A. Wai, C. Lu, and S. K. Khijwania, Appl. Opt. 47, 2835 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wood, W.

Wu, C.

Zenteno, L.

Zhang, Y.

B. Guan, D. Chen, and Y. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1980 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

O. Frazao and C. Jesus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1277 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Guan, D. Chen, and Y. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1980 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen and L. Shen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 185 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1667 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. L. V. Tse, H. Y. Tam, L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, C. Lu, and P. K. A. Wai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 164 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Sensors (1)

F. C. Fávero, S. M. M. Quintero, C. Martelli, A. M. B. Braga, V. V. Silva, I. C. S. Carvalho, R. W. A. Llerena, and L. C. G. Valente, Sensors 10, 9698 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbanczyk, in International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE, 2006), pp. 174–177.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the fabrication of Hi-Bi PCF.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) SEM photo of the section structure of Hi-Bi PCF and the simulated intensity profile of (b) LP01x and (c) LP01y.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Reflection spectrum of FBG written in Hi-Bi PCF using phase masks with pitch of (a) 1072.21 nm and (b) 1110.3 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Wavelength shift for the LP01x and LP01y peaks as a function of pressure.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Wavelength shift for LP01x peak (black) and LP01y peak (red) as a function of temperature. Insets show the spectrum shift for both peaks.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δλx=Sx,p·ΔP+Sx,T·ΔT,Δλy=Sy,p·ΔP+Sy,T·ΔT,
[ΔTΔP]=1D[Sx,pSy,pSx,TSy,T]·[ΔλyΔλx],
[ΔTΔP]=134.48[1.965.1311.011.2]·[ΔλyΔλx].

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