Abstract

Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT)-like transmission was demonstrated in terahertz asymmetric parallel plate waveguides with two identical cavities. By shifting the position of the bottom cavity from the symmetric position in the propagation direction, both the phases of the propagating wave at resonances and the coupling strengths between two cavities are changed, resulting in exciting the additional asymmetric resonance and manipulating the detuning of two different resonant frequencies. The transparent peak between two resonances comes from the cancelation of symmetric and asymmetric resonances. We also use the physical picture of excitation of quasi-dark mode to explain this EIT-like transmission, which is similar to the metamaterial systems.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Huang, C. J. Min, and G. Veronis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 143117 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. D. Kekatpure, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 243902 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. G. Zang, T. Minato, P. Navaretti, Y. Hinokuma, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 721 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 031108 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEICE Trans. Electron. E94-C, 862 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. L. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Singh, A. N. Ibraheem A. I., Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201107 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, Opt. Lett. 26, 846 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. G. Cooke and P. U. Jepsen, Opt. Express 16, 15123 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Mendis and D. M. Mittleman, Opt. Express 17, 14839 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Mendis, V. Astley, J. Liu, and D. M. Mittleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171113 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Chen, Y. M. Zhu, X. F. Zang, B. Cai, Z. Li, L. Xie, and S. L. Zhuang, Light Sci. Appl. 2, e60 (2013).
  15. V. Astley, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuQ6.

2013 (1)

L. Chen, Y. M. Zhu, X. F. Zang, B. Cai, Z. Li, L. Xie, and S. L. Zhuang, Light Sci. Appl. 2, e60 (2013).

2012 (1)

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 031108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEICE Trans. Electron. E94-C, 862 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, C. J. Min, and G. Veronis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 143117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Singh, A. N. Ibraheem A. I., Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

R. D. Kekatpure, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 243902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zang, T. Minato, P. Navaretti, Y. Hinokuma, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 721 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. L. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis and D. M. Mittleman, Opt. Express 17, 14839 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis, V. Astley, J. Liu, and D. M. Mittleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

D. G. Cooke and P. U. Jepsen, Opt. Express 16, 15123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1991 (1)

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Astley, V.

R. Mendis, V. Astley, J. Liu, and D. M. Mittleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Astley, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuQ6.

Barnard, E. S.

R. D. Kekatpure, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 243902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K. J.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

R. D. Kekatpure, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 243902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cai, B.

L. Chen, Y. M. Zhu, X. F. Zang, B. Cai, Z. Li, L. Xie, and S. L. Zhuang, Light Sci. Appl. 2, e60 (2013).

Cai, W.

R. D. Kekatpure, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 243902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cao, W.

R. Singh, A. N. Ibraheem A. I., Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

L. Chen, Y. M. Zhu, X. F. Zang, B. Cai, Z. Li, L. Xie, and S. L. Zhuang, Light Sci. Appl. 2, e60 (2013).

Chowdhury, D. R.

R. Singh, A. N. Ibraheem A. I., Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cooke, D. G.

Duelk, M.

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 031108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEICE Trans. Electron. E94-C, 862 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zang, T. Minato, P. Navaretti, Y. Hinokuma, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 721 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Genov, D. A.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

Hamamoto, K.

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 031108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEICE Trans. Electron. E94-C, 862 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zang, T. Minato, P. Navaretti, Y. Hinokuma, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 721 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hinokuma, Y.

Z. G. Zang, T. Minato, P. Navaretti, Y. Hinokuma, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 721 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Y. Huang, C. J. Min, and G. Veronis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 143117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ibraheem A. I., A. N.

R. Singh, A. N. Ibraheem A. I., Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Imamoglu, A.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jepsen, P. U.

Kekatpure, R. D.

R. D. Kekatpure, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 243902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. L. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

L. Chen, Y. M. Zhu, X. F. Zang, B. Cai, Z. Li, L. Xie, and S. L. Zhuang, Light Sci. Appl. 2, e60 (2013).

Liu, J.

R. Mendis, V. Astley, J. Liu, and D. M. Mittleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mendis, R.

R. Mendis and D. M. Mittleman, Opt. Express 17, 14839 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis, V. Astley, J. Liu, and D. M. Mittleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, Opt. Lett. 26, 846 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Astley, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuQ6.

Min, C. J.

Y. Huang, C. J. Min, and G. Veronis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 143117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Minato, T.

Z. G. Zang, T. Minato, P. Navaretti, Y. Hinokuma, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 721 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mittleman, D. M.

R. Mendis and D. M. Mittleman, Opt. Express 17, 14839 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis, V. Astley, J. Liu, and D. M. Mittleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Astley, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuQ6.

Morandotti, R.

R. Singh, A. N. Ibraheem A. I., Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, K.

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 031108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEICE Trans. Electron. E94-C, 862 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Navaretti, P.

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 031108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEICE Trans. Electron. E94-C, 862 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zang, T. Minato, P. Navaretti, Y. Hinokuma, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 721 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, T.

R. Singh, A. N. Ibraheem A. I., Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rockstuhl, C.

R. Singh, A. N. Ibraheem A. I., Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. L. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Singh, R.

R. Singh, A. N. Ibraheem A. I., Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. L. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Velez, C.

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 031108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEICE Trans. Electron. E94-C, 862 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zang, T. Minato, P. Navaretti, Y. Hinokuma, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 721 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Veronis, G.

Y. Huang, C. J. Min, and G. Veronis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 143117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xie, L.

L. Chen, Y. M. Zhu, X. F. Zang, B. Cai, Z. Li, L. Xie, and S. L. Zhuang, Light Sci. Appl. 2, e60 (2013).

Yang, Y. P.

R. Singh, A. N. Ibraheem A. I., Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zang, X. F.

L. Chen, Y. M. Zhu, X. F. Zang, B. Cai, Z. Li, L. Xie, and S. L. Zhuang, Light Sci. Appl. 2, e60 (2013).

Zang, Z. G.

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 031108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEICE Trans. Electron. E94-C, 862 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zang, T. Minato, P. Navaretti, Y. Hinokuma, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 721 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. L.

R. Singh, A. N. Ibraheem A. I., Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. L. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. M.

L. Chen, Y. M. Zhu, X. F. Zang, B. Cai, Z. Li, L. Xie, and S. L. Zhuang, Light Sci. Appl. 2, e60 (2013).

Zhuang, S. L.

L. Chen, Y. M. Zhu, X. F. Zang, B. Cai, Z. Li, L. Xie, and S. L. Zhuang, Light Sci. Appl. 2, e60 (2013).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. Huang, C. J. Min, and G. Veronis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 143117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Singh, A. N. Ibraheem A. I., Y. P. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. L. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis, V. Astley, J. Liu, and D. M. Mittleman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 171113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 031108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. G. Zang, T. Minato, P. Navaretti, Y. Hinokuma, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 721 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

Z. G. Zang, K. Mukai, P. Navaretti, M. Duelk, C. Velez, and K. Hamamoto, IEICE Trans. Electron. E94-C, 862 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

L. Chen, Y. M. Zhu, X. F. Zang, B. Cai, Z. Li, L. Xie, and S. L. Zhuang, Light Sci. Appl. 2, e60 (2013).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. L. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Kekatpure, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, and M. L. Brongersma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 243902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

V. Astley, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuQ6.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of PPWG with two cavities. w, the width of the groove; h, the depth of the groove; S, the length of the plates; L, the shifting length between two grooves.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Power transmission spectra for (a) L=0μm, (b) L=100μm, (c) L=200μm, and (d) L=300μm. The solid lines are the numerical results based on the finite element method. The dots represent the power transmission spectra (the frequency resolution 4.58GHz) derived by Fourier-transforming the 218.4 ps time-domain waveforms and compared to a PPWG without cavities.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Simulated transmission amplitude of PPWG-cavities systems as a function of the asymmetric shifting length L.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Electric field distribution of PPWG-cavities systems inside the waveguide at the resonant and transparency peak frequencies with S=650μm: (a) L=0μm at 0.419 THz, (b) L=200μm at 0.359 THz (the lower frequency resonance dip), (c) L=200μm at 0.383 THz (the transparency peak), and (d) L=200μm at 0.41 THz (the higher frequency resonance dip).

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