Abstract

Fiber Bragg grating sensors recorded in poly(methyl methacrylate) fiber often exhibit hysteresis in the response of Bragg wavelength to strain, particularly when exposed to high levels of strain. We show that, when such a fiber grating sensor is bonded directly to a substrate, the hysteresis is reduced by more than 12 times, compared to the case where the sensor is suspended freely between two supports.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Webb and K. Kalli, in Fibre Bragg Grating Sensors(Bentham eBooks, 2010), pp. 293–294.
  2. F. Baldini and A. G. Mignani, MRS Bull. 27, 383 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. C. Ye, J. M. Dulieu-Barton, D. J. Webb, C. Zhang, G. D. Peng, A. R. Chambers, F. J. Lennard, and D. D. Eastop, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 178, 012020 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Stefani, W. Yuan, S. Andresen, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 3047 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. C. J. Large, J. Moran, and L. Ye, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 034014 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. Large, and A. Argyros, Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Abang, D. Webb, and G. D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 8421, 842140 (2012).
  10. K. Peters, Smart Mater. Struct. 20, 013002 (2011).
  11. W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. O. Abdi, K. C. Wong, T. Hassan, K. J. Peters, and M. J. Kowalsky, Opt. Commun. 282, 856 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Abang and D. J. Webb, Opt. Eng. 51, 080503 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. Rivera and D. J. Thomson, Smart Mater. Struct. 15, 325 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. P. Benham and C. G. Armstrong, in Mechanics of Engineering Materials (Pearson, 1996), pp. 235–239.

2012 (4)

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, S. Andresen, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 3047 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Abang, D. Webb, and G. D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 8421, 842140 (2012).

A. Abang and D. J. Webb, Opt. Eng. 51, 080503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Peters, Smart Mater. Struct. 20, 013002 (2011).

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. Large, and A. Argyros, Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

O. Abdi, K. C. Wong, T. Hassan, K. J. Peters, and M. J. Kowalsky, Opt. Commun. 282, 856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. C. J. Large, J. Moran, and L. Ye, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 034014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Ye, J. M. Dulieu-Barton, D. J. Webb, C. Zhang, G. D. Peng, A. R. Chambers, F. J. Lennard, and D. D. Eastop, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 178, 012020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

E. Rivera and D. J. Thomson, Smart Mater. Struct. 15, 325 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

F. Baldini and A. G. Mignani, MRS Bull. 27, 383 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Abang, A.

A. Abang, D. Webb, and G. D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 8421, 842140 (2012).

A. Abang and D. J. Webb, Opt. Eng. 51, 080503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Abdi, O.

O. Abdi, K. C. Wong, T. Hassan, K. J. Peters, and M. J. Kowalsky, Opt. Commun. 282, 856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Andresen, S.

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, S. Andresen, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 3047 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Argyros, A.

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. Large, and A. Argyros, Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, C. G.

P. P. Benham and C. G. Armstrong, in Mechanics of Engineering Materials (Pearson, 1996), pp. 235–239.

Bache, M.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baldini, F.

F. Baldini and A. G. Mignani, MRS Bull. 27, 383 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, S. Andresen, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 3047 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Benham, P. P.

P. P. Benham and C. G. Armstrong, in Mechanics of Engineering Materials (Pearson, 1996), pp. 235–239.

Chambers, A. R.

C. C. Ye, J. M. Dulieu-Barton, D. J. Webb, C. Zhang, G. D. Peng, A. R. Chambers, F. J. Lennard, and D. D. Eastop, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 178, 012020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dulieu-Barton, J. M.

C. C. Ye, J. M. Dulieu-Barton, D. J. Webb, C. Zhang, G. D. Peng, A. R. Chambers, F. J. Lennard, and D. D. Eastop, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 178, 012020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eastop, D. D.

C. C. Ye, J. M. Dulieu-Barton, D. J. Webb, C. Zhang, G. D. Peng, A. R. Chambers, F. J. Lennard, and D. D. Eastop, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 178, 012020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, K. S.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hassan, T.

O. Abdi, K. C. Wong, T. Hassan, K. J. Peters, and M. J. Kowalsky, Opt. Commun. 282, 856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Herholdt-Rasmussen, N.

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsen, T.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, I. P.

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. Large, and A. Argyros, Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kalli, K.

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. Large, and A. Argyros, Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Webb and K. Kalli, in Fibre Bragg Grating Sensors(Bentham eBooks, 2010), pp. 293–294.

Khan, L.

Kowalsky, M. J.

O. Abdi, K. C. Wong, T. Hassan, K. J. Peters, and M. J. Kowalsky, Opt. Commun. 282, 856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Large, M. C.

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. Large, and A. Argyros, Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Large, M. C. J.

M. C. J. Large, J. Moran, and L. Ye, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 034014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lennard, F. J.

C. C. Ye, J. M. Dulieu-Barton, D. J. Webb, C. Zhang, G. D. Peng, A. R. Chambers, F. J. Lennard, and D. D. Eastop, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 178, 012020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mignani, A. G.

F. Baldini and A. G. Mignani, MRS Bull. 27, 383 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moran, J.

M. C. J. Large, J. Moran, and L. Ye, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 034014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, F. K.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Peng, G. D.

A. Abang, D. Webb, and G. D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 8421, 842140 (2012).

C. C. Ye, J. M. Dulieu-Barton, D. J. Webb, C. Zhang, G. D. Peng, A. R. Chambers, F. J. Lennard, and D. D. Eastop, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 178, 012020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peters, K.

K. Peters, Smart Mater. Struct. 20, 013002 (2011).

Peters, K. J.

O. Abdi, K. C. Wong, T. Hassan, K. J. Peters, and M. J. Kowalsky, Opt. Commun. 282, 856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rasmussen, H. K.

Rivera, E.

E. Rivera and D. J. Thomson, Smart Mater. Struct. 15, 325 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rose, B.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Slrensen, O. B.

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stefani, A.

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, S. Andresen, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 3047 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, D. J.

E. Rivera and D. J. Thomson, Smart Mater. Struct. 15, 325 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Webb, D.

A. Abang, D. Webb, and G. D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 8421, 842140 (2012).

D. Webb and K. Kalli, in Fibre Bragg Grating Sensors(Bentham eBooks, 2010), pp. 293–294.

Webb, D. J.

A. Abang and D. J. Webb, Opt. Eng. 51, 080503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. Large, and A. Argyros, Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Ye, J. M. Dulieu-Barton, D. J. Webb, C. Zhang, G. D. Peng, A. R. Chambers, F. J. Lennard, and D. D. Eastop, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 178, 012020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. C.

O. Abdi, K. C. Wong, T. Hassan, K. J. Peters, and M. J. Kowalsky, Opt. Commun. 282, 856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ye, C. C.

C. C. Ye, J. M. Dulieu-Barton, D. J. Webb, C. Zhang, G. D. Peng, A. R. Chambers, F. J. Lennard, and D. D. Eastop, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 178, 012020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ye, L.

M. C. J. Large, J. Moran, and L. Ye, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 034014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, W.

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, S. Andresen, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 3047 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuan, L. Khan, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Stefani, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 19, 19731 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

C. C. Ye, J. M. Dulieu-Barton, D. J. Webb, C. Zhang, G. D. Peng, A. R. Chambers, F. J. Lennard, and D. D. Eastop, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 178, 012020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 763 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

A. Stefani, W. Yuan, S. Andresen, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 3047 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

C. C. Ye, J. M. Dulieu-Barton, D. J. Webb, C. Zhang, G. D. Peng, A. R. Chambers, F. J. Lennard, and D. D. Eastop, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 178, 012020 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. C. J. Large, J. Moran, and L. Ye, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 034014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

MRS Bull. (1)

F. Baldini and A. G. Mignani, MRS Bull. 27, 383 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

W. Yuan, A. Stefani, M. Bache, T. Jacobsen, B. Rose, N. Herholdt-Rasmussen, F. K. Nielsen, S. Andresen, O. B. Słrensen, K. S. Hansen, and O. Bang, Opt. Commun. 284, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Abdi, K. C. Wong, T. Hassan, K. J. Peters, and M. J. Kowalsky, Opt. Commun. 282, 856 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

A. Abang and D. J. Webb, Opt. Eng. 51, 080503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

A. Abang, D. Webb, and G. D. Peng, Proc. SPIE 8421, 842140 (2012).

I. P. Johnson, D. J. Webb, K. Kalli, M. C. Large, and A. Argyros, Proc. SPIE 7714, 77140D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Smart Mater. Struct. (2)

K. Peters, Smart Mater. Struct. 20, 013002 (2011).

E. Rivera and D. J. Thomson, Smart Mater. Struct. 15, 325 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. P. Benham and C. G. Armstrong, in Mechanics of Engineering Materials (Pearson, 1996), pp. 235–239.

D. Webb and K. Kalli, in Fibre Bragg Grating Sensors(Bentham eBooks, 2010), pp. 293–294.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the mPOF sensor suspended in free space.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Plot of the hysteresis at lower strain values in mPOFBG suspended in free air.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic diagram of mPOF sensor glued to plastic beam.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Plot of considerably reduced hysteresis in mPOFBG when glued to a beam.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Wavelength difference between strained and unstrained POF sensors.

Equations (1)

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Strain(ε)=3Ddh2L3,

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