Abstract

We elucidated the distance-dependent plasmonic effects on radiative transitions from an Eu3+ ion-doped phosphor by varying the thickness of the dielectric spacer. Magnesium oxide prepared by electron-beam evaporation was chosen for the dielectric spacer. Spectral overlap between emission from Eu3+ ions and the plasmon band of Ag nanoparticles led to improved luminescence intensity. This luminous enhancement was effective within the area of influence by localized surface plasmon resonance. At a long distance, the plasmon-enhanced luminescence was not effective. In addition, the numerical analysis results were in good agreement with the distance-dependent decay characteristics of plasmon resonance.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

S. M. Lee, D. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, and K. C. Choi, Small 8, 1350 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

S. M. Lee, W. H. Kim, and K. C. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ko, J. Kim, L. Jin, S. Ko, B. Kwon, J. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Cho, Adv. Mater. 23, 5364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Haglund, B. J. Lawrie, and R. Mu, Thin Solid Films 518, 4637 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, and K. C. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 193306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2007

2003

H. Nabika and S. Deki, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 9161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1993

J. Kümmerlen, A. Leitner, H. Brunner, F. R. Aussenegg, and A. Wokaun, Mol. Phys. 80, 1031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1985

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sa, and F. Auzel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 396 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1966

G. Blasse, A. Bril, and W. C. Nieuwpoort, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 1587 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Adam, P. M.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, S. I.

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, and K. C. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 193306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Aslan, K.

Aussenegg, F. R.

J. Kümmerlen, A. Leitner, H. Brunner, F. R. Aussenegg, and A. Wokaun, Mol. Phys. 80, 1031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sa, and F. Auzel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 396 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. A. Murray and W. L. Barnes, Adv. Mater. 19, 3771 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Blasse, G.

G. Blasse, A. Bril, and W. C. Nieuwpoort, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 1587 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley-VCH, 1983).

Bril, A.

G. Blasse, A. Bril, and W. C. Nieuwpoort, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 1587 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Brunner, H.

J. Kümmerlen, A. Leitner, H. Brunner, F. R. Aussenegg, and A. Wokaun, Mol. Phys. 80, 1031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cho, K. H.

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, and K. C. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 193306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cho, Y.

Y. Ko, J. Kim, L. Jin, S. Ko, B. Kwon, J. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Cho, Adv. Mater. 23, 5364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Choi, C. S.

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, and K. C. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 193306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Choi, K. C.

S. M. Lee, D. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, and K. C. Choi, Small 8, 1350 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Lee, W. H. Kim, and K. C. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, and K. C. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 193306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, M. H.

De Sa, G. F.

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sa, and F. Auzel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 396 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Deki, S.

H. Nabika and S. Deki, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 9161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Geddes, C. D.

Ghosh, G.

E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1998), Vol. 3.

Gray, S. K.

Haglund, R. F.

R. F. Haglund, B. J. Lawrie, and R. Mu, Thin Solid Films 518, 4637 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Lawrie, R. F. Haglund, and R. Mu, Opt. Express 17, 2565 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huffman, D. R.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley-VCH, 1983).

Jaffiol, R.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, D. Y.

S. M. Lee, D. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, and K. C. Choi, Small 8, 1350 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jin, L.

Y. Ko, J. Kim, L. Jin, S. Ko, B. Kwon, J. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Cho, Adv. Mater. 23, 5364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.

S. M. Lee, D. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, and K. C. Choi, Small 8, 1350 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

Y. Ko, J. Kim, L. Jin, S. Ko, B. Kwon, J. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Cho, Adv. Mater. 23, 5364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ko, J. Kim, L. Jin, S. Ko, B. Kwon, J. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Cho, Adv. Mater. 23, 5364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.

Y. Ko, J. Kim, L. Jin, S. Ko, B. Kwon, J. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Cho, Adv. Mater. 23, 5364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, W. H.

S. M. Lee, W. H. Kim, and K. C. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ko, S.

Y. Ko, J. Kim, L. Jin, S. Ko, B. Kwon, J. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Cho, Adv. Mater. 23, 5364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ko, Y.

Y. Ko, J. Kim, L. Jin, S. Ko, B. Kwon, J. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Cho, Adv. Mater. 23, 5364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kümmerlen, J.

J. Kümmerlen, A. Leitner, H. Brunner, F. R. Aussenegg, and A. Wokaun, Mol. Phys. 80, 1031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, B.

Y. Ko, J. Kim, L. Jin, S. Ko, B. Kwon, J. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Cho, Adv. Mater. 23, 5364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lakowicz, J. R.

Lawrie, B. J.

R. F. Haglund, B. J. Lawrie, and R. Mu, Thin Solid Films 518, 4637 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Lawrie, R. F. Haglund, and R. Mu, Opt. Express 17, 2565 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. M.

S. M. Lee, D. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, and K. C. Choi, Small 8, 1350 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Lee, W. H. Kim, and K. C. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, and K. C. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 193306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

J. Kümmerlen, A. Leitner, H. Brunner, F. R. Aussenegg, and A. Wokaun, Mol. Phys. 80, 1031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Malta, O. L.

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sa, and F. Auzel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 396 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mu, R.

R. F. Haglund, B. J. Lawrie, and R. Mu, Thin Solid Films 518, 4637 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Lawrie, R. F. Haglund, and R. Mu, Opt. Express 17, 2565 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Murray, W. A.

W. A. Murray and W. L. Barnes, Adv. Mater. 19, 3771 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nabika, H.

H. Nabika and S. Deki, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 9161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nieuwpoort, W. C.

G. Blasse, A. Bril, and W. C. Nieuwpoort, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 1587 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1998), Vol. 3.

Plain, J.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pond, J.

Royer, P.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Santa-Cruz, P. A.

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sa, and F. Auzel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 396 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Vial, A.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Viste, P.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wokaun, A.

J. Kümmerlen, A. Leitner, H. Brunner, F. R. Aussenegg, and A. Wokaun, Mol. Phys. 80, 1031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

ACS Nano

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

W. A. Murray and W. L. Barnes, Adv. Mater. 19, 3771 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ko, J. Kim, L. Jin, S. Ko, B. Kwon, J. Kim, T. Kim, and Y. Cho, Adv. Mater. 23, 5364 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. H. Cho, S. I. Ahn, S. M. Lee, C. S. Choi, and K. C. Choi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 193306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sa, and F. Auzel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 116, 396 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. M. Lee, W. H. Kim, and K. C. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1415 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem. B

H. Nabika and S. Deki, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 9161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids

G. Blasse, A. Bril, and W. C. Nieuwpoort, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 1587 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Phys.

J. Kümmerlen, A. Leitner, H. Brunner, F. R. Aussenegg, and A. Wokaun, Mol. Phys. 80, 1031 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Small

S. M. Lee, D. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, and K. C. Choi, Small 8, 1350 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films

R. F. Haglund, B. J. Lawrie, and R. Mu, Thin Solid Films 518, 4637 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley-VCH, 1983).

E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1998), Vol. 3.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Graphical representation of the plasmon-mediated luminance structure. (b) SEM images of Ag nanoparticles on ITO-coated glass substrates. (c) SEM images of cross section of structures on ITO.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Extinction of Ag nanoparticles at major emission peaks. (b) Emission spectrum from the Eu3+ ion-doped phosphor. Enhancement factors on (c) MD-allowed emission spectra and (d) ED-allowed emission spectra.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) FDTD configuration for calculation of the electric field distribution owing to an Ag nanoparticle. (b) Electric field distribution shown for a 620 nm dipole source. (c) Electric field distribution around Ag nanoparticle with a diameter of 30 nm shown for a 620 nm dipole source. (d) Local field enhancement and asymmetric ratio in a 30 nm Ag nanoparticle as a function of distance from the metal nanoparticle. (Inset shows the details of local field enhancement.)

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