Abstract

A passive all-silicon optical diode is demonstrated to realize a record high nonreciprocal transmission ratio (NTR) of 40 dB. Individual microrings that make up the device are experimentally studied to explain the nonlinear power dynamics. There is a compromise between the NTR and insertion loss, and possible solutions for further improvements are discussed. This work provides a way to realize extremely high optical nonreciprocity on chip for optical information processing applications.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. L. Espinola, T. Izuhara, M. C. Tsai, R. M. Osgood, and H. Dotsch, Opt. Lett. 29, 941 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Bi, J. J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. R. Zaman, X. Guo, and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 023514 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. El-Ganainy, P. Kumar, and M. Levy, Opt. Lett. 38, 61 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Shoji, T. Mizumoto, H. Yokoi, I. W. Hsieh, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071117 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Yu and S. Fan, Nat. Photonics 3, 91 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Lira, Z. F. Yu, S. H. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033901 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, and R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, and M. Qi, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 313 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. C. Wirth, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 703–704.
  12. K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, J. Wang, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. Wirth, B. Niu, C. Tansarawiput, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.6.
  14. G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, Electron. Lett. 28, 83 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

2012 (3)

H. Lira, Z. F. Yu, S. H. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

L. Bi, J. J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

Z. Yu and S. Fan, Nat. Photonics 3, 91 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

Y. Shoji, T. Mizumoto, H. Yokoi, I. W. Hsieh, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

T. R. Zaman, X. Guo, and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 023514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, and R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Espinola, T. Izuhara, M. C. Tsai, R. M. Osgood, and H. Dotsch, Opt. Lett. 29, 941 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, Electron. Lett. 28, 83 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bhandare, S.

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, and R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bi, L.

L. Bi, J. J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cocorullo, G.

G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, Electron. Lett. 28, 83 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dionne, G. F.

L. Bi, J. J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dotsch, H.

El-Ganainy, R.

Espinola, R. L.

Fan, L.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, and M. Qi, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 313 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, J. Wang, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. Wirth, B. Niu, C. Tansarawiput, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.6.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. C. Wirth, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 703–704.

Fan, S.

Z. Yu and S. Fan, Nat. Photonics 3, 91 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S. H.

H. Lira, Z. F. Yu, S. H. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gan, F.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. C. Wirth, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 703–704.

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, J. Wang, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. Wirth, B. Niu, C. Tansarawiput, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.6.

Guo, X.

T. R. Zaman, X. Guo, and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 023514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, I. W.

Y. Shoji, T. Mizumoto, H. Yokoi, I. W. Hsieh, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J. J.

L. Bi, J. J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ibrahim, S. K.

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, and R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Izuhara, T.

Jiang, P.

L. Bi, J. J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, Y.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. H.

L. Bi, J. J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

L. Bi, J. J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

Leaird, D. E.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. C. Wirth, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 703–704.

Levy, M.

Lipson, M.

H. Lira, Z. F. Yu, S. H. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lira, H.

H. Lira, Z. F. Yu, S. H. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mizumoto, T.

Y. Shoji, T. Mizumoto, H. Yokoi, I. W. Hsieh, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Niu, B.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, and M. Qi, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 313 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, J. Wang, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. Wirth, B. Niu, C. Tansarawiput, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.6.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. C. Wirth, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 703–704.

Noe, R.

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, and R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nozaki, K.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

Y. Shoji, T. Mizumoto, H. Yokoi, I. W. Hsieh, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Espinola, T. Izuhara, M. C. Tsai, R. M. Osgood, and H. Dotsch, Opt. Lett. 29, 941 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Qi, M.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, and M. Qi, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 313 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, J. Wang, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. Wirth, B. Niu, C. Tansarawiput, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.6.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. C. Wirth, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 703–704.

Ram, R. J.

T. R. Zaman, X. Guo, and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 023514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rendina, I.

G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, Electron. Lett. 28, 83 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ross, C. A.

L. Bi, J. J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sandel, D.

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, and R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Segawa, T.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shen, H.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, and M. Qi, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 313 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shoji, Y.

Y. Shoji, T. Mizumoto, H. Yokoi, I. W. Hsieh, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Suzaki, Y.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, R.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tansarawiput, C.

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, J. Wang, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. Wirth, B. Niu, C. Tansarawiput, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.6.

Tsai, M. C.

Varghese, L. T.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, and M. Qi, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 313 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, J. Wang, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. Wirth, B. Niu, C. Tansarawiput, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.6.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. C. Wirth, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 703–704.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, and M. Qi, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 313 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, J. Wang, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. Wirth, B. Niu, C. Tansarawiput, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.6.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. C. Wirth, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 703–704.

Wang, X.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. C. Wirth, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 703–704.

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, J. Wang, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. Wirth, B. Niu, C. Tansarawiput, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.6.

Weiner, A. M.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, J. Wang, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. Wirth, B. Niu, C. Tansarawiput, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.6.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. C. Wirth, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 703–704.

Wirth, J.

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, J. Wang, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. Wirth, B. Niu, C. Tansarawiput, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.6.

Wirth, J. C.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. C. Wirth, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 703–704.

Xuan, Y.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, and M. Qi, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 313 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, J. Wang, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. Wirth, B. Niu, C. Tansarawiput, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.6.

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. C. Wirth, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 703–704.

Yokoi, H.

Y. Shoji, T. Mizumoto, H. Yokoi, I. W. Hsieh, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Z.

Z. Yu and S. Fan, Nat. Photonics 3, 91 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Z. F.

H. Lira, Z. F. Yu, S. H. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zaman, T. R.

T. R. Zaman, X. Guo, and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 023514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, and R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Shoji, T. Mizumoto, H. Yokoi, I. W. Hsieh, and R. M. Osgood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 071117 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Zaman, X. Guo, and R. J. Ram, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 023514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, and R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, Electron. Lett. 28, 83 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nat. Photonics (3)

L. Bi, J. J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photonics 6, 248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yu and S. Fan, Nat. Photonics 3, 91 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Lira, Z. F. Yu, S. H. Fan, and M. Lipson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. Wang, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. C. Wirth, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC) (IEEE, 2012), pp. 703–704.

L. T. Varghese, L. Fan, J. Wang, F. Gan, X. Wang, J. Wirth, B. Niu, C. Tansarawiput, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.6.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the ASOD.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Power dynamics of the NF and ADF. (a) Schematic of the NF. (b) Transmission spectra of the NF for input power varied from 21.3dBm to 6.7 dBm in steps of 2 dB. (c) Insertion loss of the NF as a function of the input power at 1579.43 nm. (d) Schematic of the ADF. (e) Transmission spectra of the ADF for input powers varied from 10.9dBm to 4.2 dBm in steps of 2 dB. (f) Insertion loss of the ADF in the forward and backward directions as a function of the input power at 1578.78 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission spectra of forward and backward transmission of the ASOD at an input power of 3.55 dBm (2.3mW). An NTR of 40.0 dB is observed. Note that this is a different ASOD device from the one used in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

ASOD’s forward and backward transmitted power versus input power. NTR (dB)=forward transmitted power (dBm)backward transmitted power (dBm). Insertion loss=input powerforward transmitted power.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. NTR and Insertion Loss of Recent Experimental Demonstrations of On-Chip ONR

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