Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a polarization splitter and rotator (PSR) built on a silicon-on-insulator platform. The PSR is constructed with a tapered waveguide followed by a 2×2 multimode interferometer and can be simply fabricated in a single lithography and etching step. A low insertion loss (<2.5dB with minimum insertion loss of 0.6 dB) and a low polarization crosstalk (<12dB) over a wide operation bandwidth (100nm) with a large fabrication tolerance (>50nm) are experimentally demonstrated.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

2011 (5)

2010 (2)

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 53 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Swillam, M. Bakr, and X. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1176 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Watts and H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 30, 138 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Deng, D. O. Yevick, C. Brooks, and P. E. Jessop, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 432 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Sakai, T. Fukazawa, and T. Baba, IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1033–1038 (2002).

1995 (1)

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

A. Sakai, T. Fukazawa, and T. Baba, IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1033–1038 (2002).

Baets, R.

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, S. Beckx, W. Bogaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourout, and R. Baets, in 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE LEOS, 2007), pp. 48–49.

Bakr, M.

Barwicz, T.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beckx, S.

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, S. Beckx, W. Bogaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourout, and R. Baets, in 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE LEOS, 2007), pp. 48–49.

Bogaert, W.

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, S. Beckx, W. Bogaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourout, and R. Baets, in 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE LEOS, 2007), pp. 48–49.

Bowers, J. E.

Brooks, C.

Chen, L.

Chen, Y. K.

Dai, D.

Deng, H.

Ding, Y.

Doerr, C. R.

Dumon, P.

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, S. Beckx, W. Bogaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourout, and R. Baets, in 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE LEOS, 2007), pp. 48–49.

Fukazawa, T.

A. Sakai, T. Fukazawa, and T. Baba, IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1033–1038 (2002).

Fukuda, H.

Haus, H. A.

Huang, D.

Y. Ding, L. Liu, C. Peucheret, J. Xu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hvam, J. M.

Ippen, E. P.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Itabashi, S.

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, Opt. Express 16, 2628 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, Opt. Express 14, 12401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Itabashi, S. I.

Jaenen, P.

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, S. Beckx, W. Bogaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourout, and R. Baets, in 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE LEOS, 2007), pp. 48–49.

Jessop, P. E.

Kartner, F. X.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kwong, D. L.

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 53 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Liu, L.

Lo, G.

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 53 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morita, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ou, H.

Y. Ding, L. Liu, C. Peucheret, and H. Ou, Opt. Express 20, 20021 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ding, L. Liu, C. Peucheret, J. Xu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pennings, E. C. M.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Peucheret, C.

Y. Ding, L. Liu, C. Peucheret, and H. Ou, Opt. Express 20, 20021 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ding, L. Liu, C. Peucheret, J. Xu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Popovic, M. A.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rakich, P. T.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, A.

A. Sakai, T. Fukazawa, and T. Baba, IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1033–1038 (2002).

Selvaraja, S. K.

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, S. Beckx, W. Bogaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourout, and R. Baets, in 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE LEOS, 2007), pp. 48–49.

Shinojima, H.

Shoji, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H. I.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Socci, L.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soldano, L. B.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Swillam, M.

Takahashi, J.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, M.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tamechika, E.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

Van Thourout, D.

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, S. Beckx, W. Bogaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourout, and R. Baets, in 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE LEOS, 2007), pp. 48–49.

Wang, Z.

Watanabe, T.

Watts, M. R.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Watts and H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 30, 138 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Y. Ding, L. Liu, C. Peucheret, J. Xu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

Yevick, D. O.

Yu, M.

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 53 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yvind, K.

L. Liu, Y. Ding, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, Opt. Lett. 36, 1059 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, Y. Ding, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, Opt. Express 19, 12646 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ding, L. Liu, C. Peucheret, J. Xu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 53 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Y. Ding, L. Liu, C. Peucheret, J. Xu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 53 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Ding, L. Liu, C. Peucheret, J. Xu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

A. Sakai, T. Fukazawa, and T. Baba, IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1033–1038 (2002).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kartner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

FIMMWAVE/FIMMPROP, Photon Design Ltd. http://www.photond.com .

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, S. Beckx, W. Bogaert, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourout, and R. Baets, in 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2007 (IEEE LEOS, 2007), pp. 48–49.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic structure of the proposed PSR. TE0 (b) and TM0 (c) light are input to the PSR, and output from arm 1 and 2, respectively, on the TE0 mode.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Effective indices of the TE0, TE1, and TM0 modes of an air-clad SOI waveguide as a function of the waveguide width w for a waveguide height h=250nm (simulated by FIMMWAVE [18]).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Calculated fabrication tolerance of (a) adiabatic taper based TM0TE1 mode converter and (b) 2×2 MMI. The inset in (a) shows the TM0TE1 conversion efficiency as a function of L2. The insets in (b) show the field distributions simulated by 3D FDTD.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Scanning electron microscope (SEM) picture of the fabricated device. (b) Measured coupling efficiency to the two output ports for TE0 and TM0 inputs. (c) Measured TM0TE0 conversion efficiency for different device size deviations.

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