Abstract

We demonstrate an ultrasensitive temperature sensor based on an isopropanol-sealed optical microfiber taper (OMT) in a capillary. The OMT is highly sensitive to ambient refractive index (RI) with a maximum sensitivity of 18989nm/RI unit in the range of 1.3955–1.4008. The thermo-optic effect of isopropanol and the thermal expansions of the sealant and sealed liquid turn the OMT into an ultrasensitive temperature sensor with the maximum sensitivity of 3.88nm/°C in the range of 20°C–50°C. The temperature sensitivity contributions from different mechanisms are also investigated theoretically and experimentally.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Chen, Y. S. Yu, R. Yang, L. Wang, J. C. Guo, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2126 (2011).
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  6. S. J. Qiu, Y. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, Opt. Lett. 37, 863 (2012).
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  7. Y. Wang, M. W. Yang, D. N. Wang, and C. R. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1520 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. M. Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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2012 (5)

J. C. Guo, Y. S. Yu, X. L. Zhang, C. Chen, R. Yang, C. Wang, R. Z. Yang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Wu, T. Zhu, and M. Liu, Opt. Commun. 285, 5085 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Qiu, Y. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Q. Lu, Opt. Lett. 37, 863 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. M. Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1872 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

Y. Wang, M. W. Yang, D. N. Wang, and C. R. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1520 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, X. L. Tan, Y. L. Deng, and Y. Q. Yu, IEEE Sens. J. 11, 2891 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Fererira, L. Coelho, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, J. L. Santos, and O. Frazao, Opt. Lett. 36, 4029 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. S. Yu, R. Yang, L. Wang, J. C. Guo, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2126 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baldacchini, T.

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. M. Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

J. C. Guo, Y. S. Yu, X. L. Zhang, C. Chen, R. Yang, C. Wang, R. Z. Yang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. S. Yu, R. Yang, L. Wang, J. C. Guo, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2126 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q. D.

J. C. Guo, Y. S. Yu, X. L. Zhang, C. Chen, R. Yang, C. Wang, R. Z. Yang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. S. Yu, R. Yang, L. Wang, J. C. Guo, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2126 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Chow, K. K.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1872 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Coelho, L.

Deng, Y. L.

Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, X. L. Tan, Y. L. Deng, and Y. Q. Yu, IEEE Sens. J. 11, 2891 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fererira, M. S.

Frazao, O.

Gao, Y.

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. M. Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Geng, Y. F.

Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, X. L. Tan, Y. L. Deng, and Y. Q. Yu, IEEE Sens. J. 11, 2891 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guo, J. C.

J. C. Guo, Y. S. Yu, X. L. Zhang, C. Chen, R. Yang, C. Wang, R. Z. Yang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. S. Yu, R. Yang, L. Wang, J. C. Guo, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2126 (2011).
[CrossRef]

He, X. N.

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. M. Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ji, W. B.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1872 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, L.

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. M. Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kobelke, J.

Li, X. J.

Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, X. L. Tan, Y. L. Deng, and Y. Q. Yu, IEEE Sens. J. 11, 2891 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liao, C. R.

Y. Wang, M. W. Yang, D. N. Wang, and C. R. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1520 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lim, A.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1872 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. H.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1872 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.

D. Wu, T. Zhu, and M. Liu, Opt. Commun. 285, 5085 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. F.

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. M. Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. Q.

Qiu, S. J.

Samani, M. M.

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. M. Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Santos, J. L.

Schuster, K.

Sun, H. B.

J. C. Guo, Y. S. Yu, X. L. Zhang, C. Chen, R. Yang, C. Wang, R. Z. Yang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. S. Yu, R. Yang, L. Wang, J. C. Guo, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2126 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tan, X. L.

Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, X. L. Tan, Y. L. Deng, and Y. Q. Yu, IEEE Sens. J. 11, 2891 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tjin, S. C.

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1872 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

J. C. Guo, Y. S. Yu, X. L. Zhang, C. Chen, R. Yang, C. Wang, R. Z. Yang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. N.

Y. Wang, M. W. Yang, D. N. Wang, and C. R. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1520 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, M. W. Yang, D. N. Wang, and C. R. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1520 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D.

D. Wu, T. Zhu, and M. Liu, Opt. Commun. 285, 5085 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, W.

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. M. Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F.

Yang, M. W.

Y. Wang, M. W. Yang, D. N. Wang, and C. R. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1520 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, R.

J. C. Guo, Y. S. Yu, X. L. Zhang, C. Chen, R. Yang, C. Wang, R. Z. Yang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. S. Yu, R. Yang, L. Wang, J. C. Guo, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2126 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, R. Z.

J. C. Guo, Y. S. Yu, X. L. Zhang, C. Chen, R. Yang, C. Wang, R. Z. Yang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. Q.

Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, X. L. Tan, Y. L. Deng, and Y. Q. Yu, IEEE Sens. J. 11, 2891 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. S.

J. C. Guo, Y. S. Yu, X. L. Zhang, C. Chen, R. Yang, C. Wang, R. Z. Yang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. S. Yu, R. Yang, L. Wang, J. C. Guo, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 2126 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. L.

J. C. Guo, Y. S. Yu, X. L. Zhang, C. Chen, R. Yang, C. Wang, R. Z. Yang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y. S.

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. M. Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, T.

D. Wu, T. Zhu, and M. Liu, Opt. Commun. 285, 5085 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. C. Guo, Y. S. Yu, X. L. Zhang, C. Chen, R. Yang, C. Wang, R. Z. Yang, Q. D. Chen, and H. B. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1393 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, M. W. Yang, D. N. Wang, and C. R. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1520 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Ji, H. H. Liu, S. C. Tjin, K. K. Chow, and A. Lim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1872 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

Y. F. Geng, X. J. Li, X. L. Tan, Y. L. Deng, and Y. Q. Yu, IEEE Sens. J. 11, 2891 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

W. Xiong, Y. S. Zhou, X. N. He, Y. Gao, M. M. Samani, L. Jiang, T. Baldacchini, and Y. F. Lu, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e6 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Wu, T. Zhu, and M. Liu, Opt. Commun. 285, 5085 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Experimental setup for sensing measurement. (b) Schematic diagram of the isopropanol-sealed OMT in a capillary.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Optical microscope image of the OMT. (b) Typical transmission spectrum of the unsealed OMT under different RI solutions. (c) Wavelength shift of the resonant peaks with different RI solutions. The inset shows the linear fitting result of peak b in the RI range of 1.3605–1.3775.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Typical transmission spectrum of the isopropanol-sealed OMT under different temperatures. (b) Relationships between temperature and wavelength of different resonant peaks. The numbers in brackets represent Adj. R-Square.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Simulation results of TSCs from thermo-optic effect of isopropanol for different resonant peaks.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Relationships between temperature and wavelength shift of different resonant peaks for the air-sealed OMT. The inset shows the typical transmission spectrum under different temperature.

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