Abstract

We measure the carrier envelope offset (CEO) frequency of the mid-infrared frequency comb (wavelength tunable between 3 and 6 μm) from a doubly resonant nondegenerate synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator (SPOPO) as a function of the CEO frequency of the Tm-fiber pump laser. We show that the CEO frequency of the SPOPO signal wave is a linear function of the CEO frequency of the pump laser, with a slope determined by the signal to pump center-frequency ratio.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Foltynowicz, P. Maslowski, T. Ban, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, T. C. Briles, and J. Ye, Faraday Disc. Chem. Soc. 150, 23 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Vainio, M. Merimaa, and L. Halonen, Opt. Lett. 36, 4122 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. K. Oshman and S. E. Harris, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 491 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. J. Thorpe, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 34, 1330 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Express 19, 6296 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Gebs, T. Dekorsy, S. A. Diddams, and A. Bartels, Opt. Express 16, 5397 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. I. Ferreiro, J. Sun, and D. T. Reid, Opt. Lett. 35, 1668 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, K. L. Vodopyanov, J. Jiang, I. Hartl, M. Fermann, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Express 20, 7046 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. T. Wong, K. L. Vodopyanov, and R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 876 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Bethge, J. Jiang, C. Mohr, M. Fermann, and I. Hartl, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. AT5A.3.

2012

2011

A. Foltynowicz, P. Maslowski, T. Ban, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, T. C. Briles, and J. Ye, Faraday Disc. Chem. Soc. 150, 23 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Vainio, M. Merimaa, and L. Halonen, Opt. Lett. 36, 4122 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Express 19, 6296 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

2008

2003

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1968

M. K. Oshman and S. E. Harris, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 491 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Adler, F.

A. Foltynowicz, P. Maslowski, T. Ban, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, T. C. Briles, and J. Ye, Faraday Disc. Chem. Soc. 150, 23 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. J. Thorpe, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 34, 1330 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ban, T.

A. Foltynowicz, P. Maslowski, T. Ban, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, T. C. Briles, and J. Ye, Faraday Disc. Chem. Soc. 150, 23 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, A.

Bethge, J.

J. Bethge, J. Jiang, C. Mohr, M. Fermann, and I. Hartl, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. AT5A.3.

Briles, T. C.

A. Foltynowicz, P. Maslowski, T. Ban, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, T. C. Briles, and J. Ye, Faraday Disc. Chem. Soc. 150, 23 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Cossel, K. C.

A. Foltynowicz, P. Maslowski, T. Ban, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, T. C. Briles, and J. Ye, Faraday Disc. Chem. Soc. 150, 23 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. J. Thorpe, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 34, 1330 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dekorsy, T.

Diddams, S. A.

Fermann, M.

N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, K. L. Vodopyanov, J. Jiang, I. Hartl, M. Fermann, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Express 20, 7046 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Bethge, J. Jiang, C. Mohr, M. Fermann, and I. Hartl, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. AT5A.3.

Fermann, M. E.

Ferreiro, T. I.

Foltynowicz, A.

A. Foltynowicz, P. Maslowski, T. Ban, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, T. C. Briles, and J. Ye, Faraday Disc. Chem. Soc. 150, 23 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gebs, R.

Halonen, L.

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

M. K. Oshman and S. E. Harris, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 491 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Jiang, J.

N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, K. L. Vodopyanov, J. Jiang, I. Hartl, M. Fermann, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Express 20, 7046 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Bethge, J. Jiang, C. Mohr, M. Fermann, and I. Hartl, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. AT5A.3.

Leindecker, N.

Marandi, A.

Maslowski, P.

A. Foltynowicz, P. Maslowski, T. Ban, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, T. C. Briles, and J. Ye, Faraday Disc. Chem. Soc. 150, 23 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Merimaa, M.

Mohr, C.

J. Bethge, J. Jiang, C. Mohr, M. Fermann, and I. Hartl, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. AT5A.3.

Oshman, M. K.

M. K. Oshman and S. E. Harris, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 491 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Picque, N.

A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. T.

Schliesser, A.

A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

Sun, J.

Thorpe, M. J.

Vainio, M.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wong, S. T.

Ye, J.

A. Foltynowicz, P. Maslowski, T. Ban, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, T. C. Briles, and J. Ye, Faraday Disc. Chem. Soc. 150, 23 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. J. Thorpe, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 34, 1330 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Faraday Disc. Chem. Soc.

A. Foltynowicz, P. Maslowski, T. Ban, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, T. C. Briles, and J. Ye, Faraday Disc. Chem. Soc. 150, 23 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. K. Oshman and S. E. Harris, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4, 491 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Photonics

A. Schliesser, N. Picque, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Mod. Phys.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. Bethge, J. Jiang, C. Mohr, M. Fermann, and I. Hartl, in Lasers, Sources, and Related Photonic Devices (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. AT5A.3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the SPOPO cavity, and measured SPOPO spectra for different cavity lengths. In this case, the cavity was optimized for a large signal–idler splitting. At long wavelengths, residual atmospheric absorption lines are visible.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the laser and locking feedback, showing the sources of measured frequencies. Solid arrows indicate light beams, dashed lines indicate electronic feedback.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Beat frequency between the frequency-doubled SPOPO signal wave and reference diode laser (which appears twice every frep). The solid line is a single acquisition from an FFT analyzer over 150 μs, the dashed line is an average of 250 acquisitions. Both curves are normalized to the peak of the 150 μs scan.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Drift of (a) frep and (b) fceos measured over 3 h. Drifting of the reference laser directly causes drifting of frep and consequently drifts in fceos.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

fceos as a function of fceop. The dashed line is a fit using a slope of 0.631. Inset: Example of measured response of fbeats(SHG) as fceop is stepped.

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