Abstract

An infrared perfect absorber based on a gold nanowire metamaterial cavities array on a gold ground plane is designed. The metamaterial made of gold nanowires embedded in an alumina host exhibits an effective permittivity with strong anisotropy, which supports cavity resonant modes of both electric dipole and magnetic dipole. The impedance of the cavity modes matches the incident plane wave in free space, leading to nearly perfect light absorption. The incident optical energy is efficiently converted into heat so that the local temperature of the absorber will increase. Results show that the designed absorber is polarization-insensitive and nearly omnidirectional for the incident angle.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Science 292, 77 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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  4. J. Yao, X. Yang, X. Yin, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 11327 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. Yang, J. Yao, J. Rho, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 6, 450 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, Opt. Express 16, 7181 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, B. Neuner, Y. Avitzour, D. Korobkin, G. Ferro, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 176803 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).
  11. X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Sihvola, Electromagnetic Mixing Formulas and Applications (Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1999).
  15. J. Elser, V. A. Podolskiy, I. Salakhutdinov, and I. Avrutsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191109 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Fante, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 17, 151 (1969).
    [CrossRef]

2012

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, J. Yao, J. Rho, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 6, 450 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

J. Yao, X. Yang, X. Yin, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 11327 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, B. Neuner, Y. Avitzour, D. Korobkin, G. Ferro, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 176803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).

2008

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, Opt. Express 16, 7181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).

J. Elser, V. A. Podolskiy, I. Salakhutdinov, and I. Avrutsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2001

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Science 292, 77 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1969

R. Fante, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 17, 151 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Alù, A.

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).

Atwater, H. A.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Averitt, R. D.

Avitzour, Y.

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, B. Neuner, Y. Avitzour, D. Korobkin, G. Ferro, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 176803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).

Avrutsky, I.

J. Elser, V. A. Podolskiy, I. Salakhutdinov, and I. Avrutsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bartal, G.

J. Yao, X. Yang, X. Yin, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 11327 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bingham, C. M.

Briggs, R. M.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Elser, J.

J. Elser, V. A. Podolskiy, I. Salakhutdinov, and I. Avrutsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Engheta, N.

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).

Fang, N. X.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fante, R.

R. Fante, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 17, 151 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Ferro, G.

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, B. Neuner, Y. Avitzour, D. Korobkin, G. Ferro, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 176803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ferry, V. E.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fung, K. H.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

John, J.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jokerst, N. M.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Khanikaev, A. B.

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, B. Neuner, Y. Avitzour, D. Korobkin, G. Ferro, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 176803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Korobkin, D.

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, B. Neuner, Y. Avitzour, D. Korobkin, G. Ferro, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 176803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, Opt. Express 16, 7181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Milder, A.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mousavi, S. H.

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, B. Neuner, Y. Avitzour, D. Korobkin, G. Ferro, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 176803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Neuner, B.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, B. Neuner, Y. Avitzour, D. Korobkin, G. Ferro, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 176803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Padilla, W. J.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, Opt. Express 16, 7181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Podolskiy, V. A.

J. Elser, V. A. Podolskiy, I. Salakhutdinov, and I. Avrutsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rho, J.

X. Yang, J. Yao, J. Rho, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 6, 450 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Salakhutdinov, I.

J. Elser, V. A. Podolskiy, I. Salakhutdinov, and I. Avrutsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salandrino, A.

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).

Savoy, S.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, S.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Science 292, 77 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Science 292, 77 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shvets, G.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, B. Neuner, Y. Avitzour, D. Korobkin, G. Ferro, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 176803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).

Sihvola, A.

A. Sihvola, Electromagnetic Mixing Formulas and Applications (Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1999).

Silveirinha, M. G.

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Science 292, 77 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Starr, A. F.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Starr, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tao, H.

Tyler, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Urzhumov, Y. A.

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X.

X. Yang, J. Yao, J. Rho, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 6, 450 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Yao, X. Yang, X. Yin, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 11327 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

X. Yang, J. Yao, J. Rho, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 6, 450 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Yao, X. Yang, X. Yin, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 11327 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yin, X.

X. Yang, J. Yao, J. Rho, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 6, 450 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Yao, X. Yang, X. Yin, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 11327 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

X. Yang, J. Yao, J. Rho, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 6, 450 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Yao, X. Yang, X. Yin, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 11327 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, Opt. Express 16, 7181 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zollars, B.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Elser, V. A. Podolskiy, I. Salakhutdinov, and I. Avrutsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.

R. Fante, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 17, 151 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

X. Yang, J. Yao, J. Rho, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 6, 450 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. B

A. Alù, M. G. Silveirinha, A. Salandrino, and N. Engheta, Phys. Rev. B 75, 155410 (2007).

Y. Avitzour, Y. A. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. B 79, 045131 (2009).

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Mousavi, A. B. Khanikaev, B. Neuner, Y. Avitzour, D. Korobkin, G. Ferro, and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 176803 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.

J. Yao, X. Yang, X. Yin, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 11327 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Science

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, Science 292, 77 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, Science 312, 1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. Sihvola, Electromagnetic Mixing Formulas and Applications (Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1999).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the nanowire metamaterial cavities array with a gold ground plane on a glass substrate.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Absorption spectrum of nanowire metamaterial cavities array with r0=12.5nm at normal incidence. (b) Magnetic field profiles of the m=1 and m=3 resonant modes. (c), (d) Intensity and direction of (c) electric field and (d) displacement current for m=1 mode at y=0. (e) Heat power density and (f) temperature distribution for m=1 mode at y=30nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dependence of absorption spectra on metal filling ratio at normal incidence with different collision frequencies of gold, (a) γ=γ0 and (b) γ=3γ0.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a), (b) Configurations of TE polarization and TM polarization. (c)–(f) Dependence of light absorption on the incident angle θ for different polarizations and collision frequencies with fm=0.14 in (c) and (d) and fm=0.25 in (e) and (f).

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

εx=εy=εd(1+fm)εm+(1fm)εd(1fm)εm+(1+fm)εd,εz=fmεm+(1fm)εd,

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