Abstract

Values for the bulk viscosity ηb of molecular nitrogen gas (N2) were derived from spontaneous Rayleigh–Brillouin scattering at ultraviolet wavelengths (λ=366.8nm) and at a 90° scattering angle. Analysis of the scattering profiles yields values showing a linear increasing trend, ranging from ηb=0.7×105 to 2.0×105kg·m1·s1 in the temperature interval from 255 to 340 K. The present values, pertaining to hypersound acoustics at frequencies in the gigahertz domain, are found to be in agreement with results from acoustic attenuation experiments in N2 performed at megahertz frequencies.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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