Abstract

We report broadband amplification and highly efficient lasing in erbium-doped tellurite microstructured fibers. A broad positive net gain bandwidth of 113 nm (1524–1637 nm) is obtained in a 17 cm long erbium-doped tellurite microstructured fiber upon a pump power of 94 mW at 1480 nm. An all-fiber lasing at 1561 nm with maximum unsaturated power of 140 mW and slope efficiency of 53.7% is achieved from the fiber by employing a linear cavity. In addition, the influence of the fiber length on amplification and lasing is investigated and laser oscillation at 1535 nm is realized in a 4.3 cm long fiber.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (2)

Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, Opt. Lett. 37, 3447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 578 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

J. J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, S. Member, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Kuhn, D. Kracht, J. Neumann, and P. Weßels, Opt. Lett. 36, 3030 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, T. Suzuki, A. Mori, and Y. Ohishi, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 0431081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2000 (2)

Z. Meng, T. Yoshimura, K. Fukue, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, and T. Okada, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, Phys. Rev. B 62, 6215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, and S. Sudo, Electron. Lett. 33, 863 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

R. J. Mears and S. R. Baker, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 517 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Baker, S. R.

R. J. Mears and S. R. Baker, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 517 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

Canning, J.

Chaudhari, C.

Chillcce, E. F.

E. F. Chillcce, J. D. Marconi, and E. Rodrigues, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.27.

Clarkson, W. A.

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

Dong, J. J.

J. J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, S. Member, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 578 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fukue, K.

Z. Meng, T. Yoshimura, K. Fukue, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, and T. Okada, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Higashihata, M.

Z. Meng, T. Yoshimura, K. Fukue, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, and T. Okada, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

J. J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, S. Member, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, Phys. Rev. B 62, 6215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jose, G.

J. J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, S. Member, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kito, C.

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, T. Suzuki, A. Mori, and Y. Ohishi, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 0431081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kracht, D.

Kuhn, V.

Lancaster, D. G.

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 578 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liao, M. S.

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, T. Suzuki, A. Mori, and Y. Ohishi, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 0431081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Liao, X. Yan, G. Qin, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Opt. Express 17, 15481 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lousteau, J.

J. J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, S. Member, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

Marconi, J. D.

E. F. Chillcce, J. D. Marconi, and E. Rodrigues, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.27.

Mears, R. J.

R. J. Mears and S. R. Baker, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 517 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Member, S.

J. J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, S. Member, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meng, Z.

Z. Meng, T. Yoshimura, K. Fukue, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, and T. Okada, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 578 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mori, A.

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, T. Suzuki, A. Mori, and Y. Ohishi, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 0431081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ohishi, A. Mori, M. Yamada, H. Ono, Y. Nishida, and K. Oikawa, Opt. Lett. 23, 274 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, and S. Sudo, Electron. Lett. 33, 863 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Naftaly, M.

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, Phys. Rev. B 62, 6215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakata, Y.

Z. Meng, T. Yoshimura, K. Fukue, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, and T. Okada, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, J.

Nilsson, J.

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

Oermann, M. R.

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 578 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, S.

Ohishi, Y.

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, T. Suzuki, A. Mori, and Y. Ohishi, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 0431081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Liao, X. Yan, G. Qin, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Opt. Express 17, 15481 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ohishi, A. Mori, M. Yamada, H. Ono, Y. Nishida, and K. Oikawa, Opt. Lett. 23, 274 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, and S. Sudo, Electron. Lett. 33, 863 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oikawa, K.

Okada, T.

Z. Meng, T. Yoshimura, K. Fukue, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, and T. Okada, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ono, H.

Ottaway, D. J.

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 578 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Peng, G. D.

Penty, R. V.

J. J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, S. Member, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Qin, G.

Qin, G. S.

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, T. Suzuki, A. Mori, and Y. Ohishi, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 0431081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rodrigues, E.

E. F. Chillcce, J. D. Marconi, and E. Rodrigues, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.27.

Shen, S.

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, Phys. Rev. B 62, 6215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

Sudo, S.

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, and S. Sudo, Electron. Lett. 33, 863 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Suzuki, K.

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, T. Suzuki, A. Mori, and Y. Ohishi, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 0431081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Liao, X. Yan, G. Qin, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Opt. Express 17, 15481 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Veitch, P. J.

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 578 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Y. Q.

J. J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, S. Member, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wen, J.

Weßels, P.

White, I. H.

J. J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, S. Member, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wonfor, A.

J. J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, S. Member, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

Yan, X.

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, T. Suzuki, A. Mori, and Y. Ohishi, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 0431081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Liao, X. Yan, G. Qin, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Opt. Express 17, 15481 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, T.

Z. Meng, T. Yoshimura, K. Fukue, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, and T. Okada, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nakazawa, Y. Kimura, and K. Suzuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 295 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 22, 159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, and S. Sudo, Electron. Lett. 33, 863 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, S. Member, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. J. Ottaway, D. G. Lancaster, P. J. Veitch, and T. M. Monro, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 578 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

G. S. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. S. Liao, T. Suzuki, A. Mori, and Y. Ohishi, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 0431081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Meng, T. Yoshimura, K. Fukue, M. Higashihata, Y. Nakata, and T. Okada, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. J. Mears and S. R. Baker, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 517 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. Jha, S. Shen, and M. Naftaly, Phys. Rev. B 62, 6215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. F. Chillcce, J. D. Marconi, and E. Rodrigues, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.27.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Cross section of the EDTMF and (b) calculated confinement losses of the LP01, LP11, and LP12 modes in the above EDTMF.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

I13/24I15/24 stimulated-emission and I13/24I9/24 excited-state absorption cross-section spectra in the longer wavelength region of erbium-doped tellurite glass we fabricated.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic for optical amplification and fiber laser testing.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Signal-gain spectra of EDTMFs for various fiber lengths.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Laser characteristics of EDTMFs for various fiber lengths. The insets show the lasing spectra of the fiber lasers, respectively.

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