Abstract

We theoretically investigate the optical properties of a hybrid nanostructure consisting of one triangle and one nanorod. A plasmon-induced transparency (PIT) resonance appears in the transmission spectrum, which is ascribed to the induced multipole plasmon mode of the nanorod. Multispectral PIT resonances are observed, when two or more nanorods are put in proximity to the triangle. It is proved that the combined effects of the induced multipole plasmon mode of nanorods and the cavity resonant mode contribute to these PIT peaks. The tunability of PIT on the geometrical parameters is also presented.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. B 66, 2593 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 8, 758 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. E. Cetin, A. Artar, M. Turkmen, A. A. Yanik, and H. Altug, Opt. Express 19, 22607 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. J. Davis, K. C. Vernon, and D. E. Gomez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155423 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. Yannopapas and N. Stefanou, Phys. Rev. B 69, 012408 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 1103 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, Phys. Rev. B 80, 035104 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. J. Zhang, S. S. Xiao, C. Jeppesen, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, Opt. Express 18, 17187 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. B. Johnson and R. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. J. Davis, D. E. Gomez, and K. C. Vernon, Nano Lett. 10, 2618 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Kern, S. Grossmann, N. V. Tarakina, T. Hackel, M. Emmerling, M. Kamp, J. S. Huang, P. Biagioni, J. Prangsma, and B. Hecht, Nano Lett. 12, 5504 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

J. Kern, S. Grossmann, N. V. Tarakina, T. Hackel, M. Emmerling, M. Kamp, J. S. Huang, P. Biagioni, J. Prangsma, and B. Hecht, Nano Lett. 12, 5504 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

A. E. Cetin, A. Artar, M. Turkmen, A. A. Yanik, and H. Altug, Opt. Express 19, 22607 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Safavi-Naeini, T. P. Mayer Alegre, J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, M. Winger, Q. Lin, J. T. Hill, D. E. Chang, and O. Painter, Nature 472, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 1103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Davis, D. E. Gomez, and K. C. Vernon, Nano Lett. 10, 2618 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Zhang, S. S. Xiao, C. Jeppesen, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, Opt. Express 18, 17187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 8, 758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, Phys. Rev. B 80, 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Davis, K. C. Vernon, and D. E. Gomez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155423 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

V. Yannopapas and N. Stefanou, Phys. Rev. B 69, 012408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. B 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Altug, H.

Artar, A.

Biagioni, P.

J. Kern, S. Grossmann, N. V. Tarakina, T. Hackel, M. Emmerling, M. Kamp, J. S. Huang, P. Biagioni, J. Prangsma, and B. Hecht, Nano Lett. 12, 5504 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K. J.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. B 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cetin, A. E.

Chan, J.

A. H. Safavi-Naeini, T. P. Mayer Alegre, J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, M. Winger, Q. Lin, J. T. Hill, D. E. Chang, and O. Painter, Nature 472, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chang, D. E.

A. H. Safavi-Naeini, T. P. Mayer Alegre, J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, M. Winger, Q. Lin, J. T. Hill, D. E. Chang, and O. Painter, Nature 472, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R.

P. B. Johnson and R. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Davis, T. J.

T. J. Davis, D. E. Gomez, and K. C. Vernon, Nano Lett. 10, 2618 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Davis, K. C. Vernon, and D. E. Gomez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155423 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eichenfield, M.

A. H. Safavi-Naeini, T. P. Mayer Alegre, J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, M. Winger, Q. Lin, J. T. Hill, D. E. Chang, and O. Painter, Nature 472, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eigenthaler, U.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 1103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Emmerling, M.

J. Kern, S. Grossmann, N. V. Tarakina, T. Hackel, M. Emmerling, M. Kamp, J. S. Huang, P. Biagioni, J. Prangsma, and B. Hecht, Nano Lett. 12, 5504 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 8, 758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Genov, D. A.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 1103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 8, 758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, D. E.

T. J. Davis, D. E. Gomez, and K. C. Vernon, Nano Lett. 10, 2618 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Davis, K. C. Vernon, and D. E. Gomez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155423 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grossmann, S.

J. Kern, S. Grossmann, N. V. Tarakina, T. Hackel, M. Emmerling, M. Kamp, J. S. Huang, P. Biagioni, J. Prangsma, and B. Hecht, Nano Lett. 12, 5504 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hackel, T.

J. Kern, S. Grossmann, N. V. Tarakina, T. Hackel, M. Emmerling, M. Kamp, J. S. Huang, P. Biagioni, J. Prangsma, and B. Hecht, Nano Lett. 12, 5504 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. B 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, B.

J. Kern, S. Grossmann, N. V. Tarakina, T. Hackel, M. Emmerling, M. Kamp, J. S. Huang, P. Biagioni, J. Prangsma, and B. Hecht, Nano Lett. 12, 5504 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hill, J. T.

A. H. Safavi-Naeini, T. P. Mayer Alegre, J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, M. Winger, Q. Lin, J. T. Hill, D. E. Chang, and O. Painter, Nature 472, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hirscher, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 1103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. S.

J. Kern, S. Grossmann, N. V. Tarakina, T. Hackel, M. Emmerling, M. Kamp, J. S. Huang, P. Biagioni, J. Prangsma, and B. Hecht, Nano Lett. 12, 5504 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Imamolu, A.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. B 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, C.

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kamp, M.

J. Kern, S. Grossmann, N. V. Tarakina, T. Hackel, M. Emmerling, M. Kamp, J. S. Huang, P. Biagioni, J. Prangsma, and B. Hecht, Nano Lett. 12, 5504 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kastel, J.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 8, 758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kern, J.

J. Kern, S. Grossmann, N. V. Tarakina, T. Hackel, M. Emmerling, M. Kamp, J. S. Huang, P. Biagioni, J. Prangsma, and B. Hecht, Nano Lett. 12, 5504 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kristensen, A.

Langguth, L.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 1103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 8, 758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

A. H. Safavi-Naeini, T. P. Mayer Alegre, J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, M. Winger, Q. Lin, J. T. Hill, D. E. Chang, and O. Painter, Nature 472, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 1103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 8, 758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mayer Alegre, T. P.

A. H. Safavi-Naeini, T. P. Mayer Alegre, J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, M. Winger, Q. Lin, J. T. Hill, D. E. Chang, and O. Painter, Nature 472, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 1103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mortensen, N. A.

Painter, O.

A. H. Safavi-Naeini, T. P. Mayer Alegre, J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, M. Winger, Q. Lin, J. T. Hill, D. E. Chang, and O. Painter, Nature 472, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Paspalakis, E.

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, Phys. Rev. B 80, 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pfau, T.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 8, 758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Prangsma, J.

J. Kern, S. Grossmann, N. V. Tarakina, T. Hackel, M. Emmerling, M. Kamp, J. S. Huang, P. Biagioni, J. Prangsma, and B. Hecht, Nano Lett. 12, 5504 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Safavi-Naeini, A. H.

A. H. Safavi-Naeini, T. P. Mayer Alegre, J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, M. Winger, Q. Lin, J. T. Hill, D. E. Chang, and O. Painter, Nature 472, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sonnichsen, C.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 1103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stefanou, N.

V. Yannopapas and N. Stefanou, Phys. Rev. B 69, 012408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tarakina, N. V.

J. Kern, S. Grossmann, N. V. Tarakina, T. Hackel, M. Emmerling, M. Kamp, J. S. Huang, P. Biagioni, J. Prangsma, and B. Hecht, Nano Lett. 12, 5504 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Turkmen, M.

Vernon, K. C.

T. J. Davis, D. E. Gomez, and K. C. Vernon, Nano Lett. 10, 2618 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Davis, K. C. Vernon, and D. E. Gomez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155423 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vitanov, N. V.

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, Phys. Rev. B 80, 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 1103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 8, 758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Winger, M.

A. H. Safavi-Naeini, T. P. Mayer Alegre, J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, M. Winger, Q. Lin, J. T. Hill, D. E. Chang, and O. Painter, Nature 472, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, S. S.

Yanik, A. A.

Yannopapas, V.

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, Phys. Rev. B 80, 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Yannopapas and N. Stefanou, Phys. Rev. B 69, 012408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. J.

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (3)

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 1103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Davis, D. E. Gomez, and K. C. Vernon, Nano Lett. 10, 2618 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kern, S. Grossmann, N. V. Tarakina, T. Hackel, M. Emmerling, M. Kamp, J. S. Huang, P. Biagioni, J. Prangsma, and B. Hecht, Nano Lett. 12, 5504 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, Nat. Mater. 8, 758 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

A. H. Safavi-Naeini, T. P. Mayer Alegre, J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, M. Winger, Q. Lin, J. T. Hill, D. E. Chang, and O. Painter, Nature 472, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (5)

P. B. Johnson and R. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Davis, K. C. Vernon, and D. E. Gomez, Phys. Rev. B 79, 155423 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Yannopapas and N. Stefanou, Phys. Rev. B 69, 012408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, Phys. Rev. B 80, 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. B 66, 2593 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Structure parameters and optical properties of the proposed nanostructre. Schematic diagram (a) and transmission spectrum (b) of the triangle and nanorod hybrid nanostructure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

|E| and charge distributions for the resonant dips and peak in Fig. 1(b). Left column depicts the |E| of dip A (a), dip B (c), and peak C (e). Right column gives the charge distributions of dip A (b), dip B (d), and peak C (f).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Tunability of PIT resonance by varying the gap between the triangle and the nanorod (g=0, 20, 60, 120, 190, 250, and nm).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Transmission spectra of TTR and THR nanostructures.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

|E| and charge distributions for the resonances of TTRs. Left column depicts the |E| of dip A (a), dip B (c), peak C (e), and peak D (g). Right column gives the charge distributions of dip A (b), dip B (d), peak C (f), and peak D (h).

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