Abstract

A classical 3-port optical circulator is demonstrated on the silicon-on-insulator (SOI) platform. A garnet die with a magneto-optical cerium-doped yttrium iron garnet (Ce:YIG) layer is bonded on top of a Mach–Zehnder interferometer circuit using a thin adhesive bonding layer. The power transmission between different ports is characterized in the presence of an external magnetic field, transversal to the light propagation direction. An isolation of 22 dB is measured at a wavelength of 1562 nm.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Zheng and S. Fan, Opt. Lett. 30, 15 (2005).
  2. W. Smigaj, J. R. Vivas, B. Glalak, L. Magdenko, B. Dagens, and M. Vanwollegham, Opt. Lett. 35, 568 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Mizumoto, H. Chihara, N. Tokui, and Y. Naito, Electron. Lett. 26199 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, Opt. Express 201839 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Mizumoto, Y. Shoji, and R. Takei, Materials 5, 5 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (1)

2012 (3)

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, Opt. Express 201839 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1653 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Mizumoto, Y. Shoji, and R. Takei, Materials 5, 5 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2005 (2)

W. Zheng and S. Fan, Opt. Lett. 30, 15 (2005).

W. Zheng and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. B 812 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

N. Sugimoto, T. Shintaku, A. Tate, H. Terui, M. Shimokozono, E. Kubota, M. Ishii, and Y. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Lohmeyer, S. Mikhail, and P. Hertel, Opt. Eng. 36, 889 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

T. Mizumoto, H. Chihara, N. Tokui, and Y. Naito, Electron. Lett. 26199 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, Opt. Express 201839 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1653 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

Bi, L.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

Chihara, H.

T. Mizumoto, H. Chihara, N. Tokui, and Y. Naito, Electron. Lett. 26199 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dagens, B.

De Cort, W. A. D.

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

De Vos, K.

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

Debackere, P. P. P.

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

Dionne, G. F.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

Fan, S.

W. Zheng and S. Fan, Opt. Lett. 30, 15 (2005).

W. Zheng and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. B 812 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, S.

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, Opt. Express 201839 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1653 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

Glalak, B.

Hallynck, E.

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

Hertel, P.

M. Lohmeyer, S. Mikhail, and P. Hertel, Opt. Eng. 36, 889 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

N. Sugimoto, T. Shintaku, A. Tate, H. Terui, M. Shimokozono, E. Kubota, M. Ishii, and Y. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, M.

N. Sugimoto, T. Shintaku, A. Tate, H. Terui, M. Shimokozono, E. Kubota, M. Ishii, and Y. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, P.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Keyvaninia, S.

Keyvavinia, S.

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, Opt. Express 201839 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1653 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. H.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, E.

N. Sugimoto, T. Shintaku, A. Tate, H. Terui, M. Shimokozono, E. Kubota, M. Ishii, and Y. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lohmeyer, M.

M. Lohmeyer, S. Mikhail, and P. Hertel, Opt. Eng. 36, 889 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Magdenko, L.

Mikhail, S.

M. Lohmeyer, S. Mikhail, and P. Hertel, Opt. Eng. 36, 889 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mizumoto, T.

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, Opt. Express 201839 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1653 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Mizumoto, Y. Shoji, and R. Takei, Materials 5, 5 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Mizumoto, H. Chihara, N. Tokui, and Y. Naito, Electron. Lett. 26199 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Muneeb, M.

Naito, Y.

T. Mizumoto, H. Chihara, N. Tokui, and Y. Naito, Electron. Lett. 26199 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Roelkens, G.

S. Keyvaninia, M. Muneeb, S. Stankovi, P. J. Van Veldhoven, D. Van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, Opt. Mater. Express 3, 35 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1653 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, Opt. Express 201839 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

Ross, C. A.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Selvaraja, S.

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

Shimokozono, M.

N. Sugimoto, T. Shintaku, A. Tate, H. Terui, M. Shimokozono, E. Kubota, M. Ishii, and Y. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shintaku, T.

N. Sugimoto, T. Shintaku, A. Tate, H. Terui, M. Shimokozono, E. Kubota, M. Ishii, and Y. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shoji, Y.

T. Mizumoto, Y. Shoji, and R. Takei, Materials 5, 5 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Smigaj, W.

Stankovi, S.

Sugimoto, N.

N. Sugimoto, T. Shintaku, A. Tate, H. Terui, M. Shimokozono, E. Kubota, M. Ishii, and Y. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takei, R.

T. Mizumoto, Y. Shoji, and R. Takei, Materials 5, 5 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tate, A.

N. Sugimoto, T. Shintaku, A. Tate, H. Terui, M. Shimokozono, E. Kubota, M. Ishii, and Y. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Terui, H.

N. Sugimoto, T. Shintaku, A. Tate, H. Terui, M. Shimokozono, E. Kubota, M. Ishii, and Y. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tokui, N.

T. Mizumoto, H. Chihara, N. Tokui, and Y. Naito, Electron. Lett. 26199 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Van Acoleyen, K.

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

Van Roy, W.

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, Opt. Express 201839 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1653 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

S. Keyvaninia, M. Muneeb, S. Stankovi, P. J. Van Veldhoven, D. Van Thourhout, and G. Roelkens, Opt. Mater. Express 3, 35 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

Van Veldhoven, P. J.

Vanwollegham, M.

Vermeulen, D.

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

Vivas, J. R.

Yebo, N. A.

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

Zheng, W.

W. Zheng and S. Fan, Opt. Lett. 30, 15 (2005).

W. Zheng and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. B 812 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

W. Zheng and S. Fan, Appl. Phys. B 812 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Mizumoto, H. Chihara, N. Tokui, and Y. Naito, Electron. Lett. 26199 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

N. Sugimoto, T. Shintaku, A. Tate, H. Terui, M. Shimokozono, E. Kubota, M. Ishii, and Y. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 355 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, S. Keyvavinia, W. Van Roy, T. Mizumoto, G. Roelkens, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1653 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Materials (1)

T. Mizumoto, Y. Shoji, and R. Takei, Materials 5, 5 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, and C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. Lohmeyer, S. Mikhail, and P. Hertel, Opt. Eng. 36, 889 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Other (1)

D. Vermeulen, K. Van Acoleyen, S. Ghosh, S. Selvaraja, W. A. D. De Cort, N. A. Yebo, E. Hallynck, K. De Vos, P. P. P. Debackere, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Efficient tapering to the fundamental quasi-TM mode in asymmetrical waveguides,” presented at European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO), Cambridge, UK, April 6–9, 2010.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of garnet bonded 3-port MZI type optical circulator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Coupling efficiency of the bar and cross ports of the directional coupler (a) as a function of wavelength, with a gap of 250 and 100 nm BCB thickness for various coupler lengths (Lc) and (b) as a function of BCB thickness for Lc=15μm, gap=250nm at 1.577 μm wavelength.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured optical transmission spectra at different ports of the circulator under a constant magnetic field (a) CCW and (b) CW.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured optical transmission spectra at bar and cross ports of different reference directional couplers.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Total Phases at Final Ports without Loop Patha

Tables Icon

Table 2. Total Phases at Final Ports with Loop Path

Tables Icon

Table 3. Measured Transmissions (T) at 1573 nm

Metrics