Abstract

In this Letter we demonstrate frequency conversion in the single-photon regime through Bragg-scattering four-wave mixing with near-unit efficiency in a 750 m long commercially available dispersion-engineered highly nonlinear fiber, where all photons and pump laser frequencies are in the low-loss telecommunications band. We achieve 99.1%±4.9% downconversion and 98.0%±5.0% upconversion of photons by 12 nm using a weak coherent state with an average input of 0.27 photons per detection gate window.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 478, 360 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, and C. J. McKinstrie, Opt. Express 19, 17876 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

H. Takesue, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 173901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Prawer and A. D. Greentree, Science 320, 1601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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J. L. O’Brien, Science 318, 1567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 29, 1449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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P. M. Kjeldsen, M. Obro, J. S. Madsen, and S. K. Nielsen, Electron. Lett. 32, 1914 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

K. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1451 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

A. I. Ekimov and A. A. Onushchenko, JETP Lett. 34, 345 (1981).

Agha, I.

Albota, M. A.

Barthélémy, A.

Centanni, J. C.

A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, C. J. McKinstrie, and J. C. Centanni, Opt. Express 14, 8989 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, A. Gnauck, C. J. McKinstrie, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), paper OWN5.

Choi, D.-Y.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, A. Gnauck, C. J. McKinstrie, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), paper OWN5.

Clark, A. S.

Collins, M. J.

Couderc, V.

Davanco, M.

Di Bin, P.

Diamanti, E.

Eggleton, B. J.

Ekimov, A. I.

A. I. Ekimov and A. A. Onushchenko, JETP Lett. 34, 345 (1981).

Fejer, M. M.

Gnauck, A.

S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, A. Gnauck, C. J. McKinstrie, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), paper OWN5.

Gnauck, A. H.

Greentree, A. D.

S. Prawer and A. D. Greentree, Science 320, 1601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J.

Harvey, J. D.

He, J.

Hong, C. K.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1451 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R. M.

A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, C. J. McKinstrie, and J. C. Centanni, Opt. Express 14, 8989 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, A. Gnauck, C. J. McKinstrie, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), paper OWN5.

Judge, A. C.

Kjeldsen, P. M.

P. M. Kjeldsen, M. Obro, J. S. Madsen, and S. K. Nielsen, Electron. Lett. 32, 1914 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kozlov, V. V.

Krupa, K.

Kwiat, P. G.

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Labonté, L.

Langford, N. K.

N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 478, 360 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S. J.

Madsen, J. S.

P. M. Kjeldsen, M. Obro, J. S. Madsen, and S. K. Nielsen, Electron. Lett. 32, 1914 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, L.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[CrossRef]

McGuinness, H. J.

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, and C. J. McKinstrie, Opt. Express 19, 17876 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McKinstrie, C.

McKinstrie, C. J.

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, and C. J. McKinstrie, Opt. Express 19, 17876 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck, R. M. Jopson, C. J. McKinstrie, and J. C. Centanni, Opt. Express 14, 8989 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Méchin, R. Provo, J. D. Harvey, and C. J. McKinstrie, Opt. Express 14, 8995 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, A. Gnauck, C. J. McKinstrie, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), paper OWN5.

Méchin, D.

Milburn, G. J.

N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 478, 360 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Munro, W. J.

N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 478, 360 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, S. K.

P. M. Kjeldsen, M. Obro, J. S. Madsen, and S. K. Nielsen, Electron. Lett. 32, 1914 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J. L.

J. L. O’Brien, Science 318, 1567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Obro, M.

P. M. Kjeldsen, M. Obro, J. S. Madsen, and S. K. Nielsen, Electron. Lett. 32, 1914 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Onushchenko, A. A.

A. I. Ekimov and A. A. Onushchenko, JETP Lett. 34, 345 (1981).

Ou, Z. Y.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Prawer, S.

S. Prawer and A. D. Greentree, Science 320, 1601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Prevedel, R.

N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 478, 360 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Provo, R.

Radic, S.

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. McKinstrie, J. Harvey, S. Radic, and M. Raymer, Opt. Express 13, 9131 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, A. Gnauck, C. J. McKinstrie, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), paper OWN5.

Ramelow, S.

N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 478, 360 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M.

Raymer, M. G.

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, and C. J. McKinstrie, Opt. Express 19, 17876 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R. V.

Srinivasan, K.

Steel, M. J.

Takesue, H.

Tanzilli, S.

Thurston, B.

Tonello, A.

Vandevender, A. P.

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wabnitz, S.

Williams, R. J.

Withford, M. J.

Wong, F. N. C.

Xiong, C.

Yamamoto, Y.

Zeilinger, A.

N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 478, 360 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. M. Kjeldsen, M. Obro, J. S. Madsen, and S. K. Nielsen, Electron. Lett. 32, 1914 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Inoue, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1451 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

A. I. Ekimov and A. A. Onushchenko, JETP Lett. 34, 345 (1981).

Nature (1)

N. K. Langford, S. Ramelow, R. Prevedel, W. J. Munro, G. J. Milburn, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 478, 360 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

H. Takesue, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 173901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

J. L. O’Brien, Science 318, 1567 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Prawer and A. D. Greentree, Science 320, 1601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, A. Gnauck, C. J. McKinstrie, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (IEEE, 2005), paper OWN5.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Bragg-scattering SPFC process used to shift photons from ωs to ωi, where the shift Δω is dependent on the separation of the strong pump beams at frequencies ωP1 and ωP2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) SPFC DC process. (b) Signal depletion in the DC direction. (c) Evolution of the input signal at 1531 nm (purple squares) and generated idler at 1543 nm (green circles). (d) SPFC UC process (e) Signal depletion in the UC direction. (f) Evolution of the input signal at 1543 nm (green squares) and the converted idler at 1531 nm (purple circles), all with respect to total input pump power. All theoretical curves result from a damped sinusoidal fit, and errors are calculated from Poissonian statistics and fluctuations in pump amplification.

Equations (3)

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H=γabcd+γ*abcd,
H˜=γ˜ab+γ˜*ab,
|ψ(t)=cos(Γt)|10+iγ˜|γ˜|sin(Γt)|01,

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