Abstract

We demonstrated laser operation of a passively Q-switched diode-pumped Er:YAG solid-state laser emitting at 1645 or 1617 nm depending on the initial transmission of the Cr:ZnSe saturable absorber. The crystal emitted up to 10 W at 1645 nm and up to 8 W at 1617 nm in CW mode while pumped with 65 W of incident pump power at 1533 nm. In passive Q-switched mode with 40 W of incident power, a Cr:ZnSe saturable absorber with initial transmission of 85% led to 330 μJ pulse energy, 61 ns pulse duration at a repetition rate of 1460 Hz at 1645 nm. An 80% initial transmission Cr:ZnSe sample led to 510 μJ energy pulses, 41 ns pulse duration at a repetition rate of 820 Hz with a central wavelength change from 1645 to 1617 nm. This is the first reported passively Q-switched diode-pumped Er:YAG laser operating on the I13/24I15/24 transition.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

2010 (3)

S. Bigotta and M. Eichhorn, Opt. Lett. 35, 2970 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Chang, N. Simakov, D. Hosken, J. Munch, D. Ottaway, and P. Veitch, Opt. Express 18, 13673 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Voronov, V. Kozlovskii, Y. Korostelin, A. Landman, Y. Podmarkov, V. Polushkin, T.-O. Ragimov, Y. Skasyrskii, M. Filipchuk, and M. Frolov, Bull. Lebedev. Phys. Inst. 37, 169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, M. Dubinskii, G. A. Newburgh, A. Michael, and L. D. Merkle, Opt. Express 17, 7159 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, D. Shen, J. Sahu, and W. Clarkson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

R. D. Stultz, V. Leyva, and K. Spariosu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. Page, K. Schaffers, L. DeLoach, G. Wilke, F. Patel, J. Tassano, S. Payne, W. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Aubourg, A.

A. Aubourg, I. Martial, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Proc. SPIE 8235, 823516 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

A. Aubourg, I. Martial, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Proc. SPIE 8235, 823516 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bigotta, S.

Burger, A.

R. Page, K. Schaffers, L. DeLoach, G. Wilke, F. Patel, J. Tassano, S. Payne, W. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chang, N.

Chen, K.-T.

R. Page, K. Schaffers, L. DeLoach, G. Wilke, F. Patel, J. Tassano, S. Payne, W. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

Clarkson, W.

J. Kim, D. Shen, J. Sahu, and W. Clarkson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

DeLoach, L.

R. Page, K. Schaffers, L. DeLoach, G. Wilke, F. Patel, J. Tassano, S. Payne, W. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Didierjean, J.

A. Aubourg, I. Martial, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Proc. SPIE 8235, 823516 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dubinskii, M.

Eichhorn, M.

Fan, D.

Fedorov, V. V.

Y. Terekhov, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): Science and Innovations(Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTu2D.6.

Filipchuk, M.

A. Voronov, V. Kozlovskii, Y. Korostelin, A. Landman, Y. Podmarkov, V. Polushkin, T.-O. Ragimov, Y. Skasyrskii, M. Filipchuk, and M. Frolov, Bull. Lebedev. Phys. Inst. 37, 169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fox, K.

Frolov, M.

A. Voronov, V. Kozlovskii, Y. Korostelin, A. Landman, Y. Podmarkov, V. Polushkin, T.-O. Ragimov, Y. Skasyrskii, M. Filipchuk, and M. Frolov, Bull. Lebedev. Phys. Inst. 37, 169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fromzel, V.

Georges, P.

A. Aubourg, I. Martial, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Proc. SPIE 8235, 823516 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hosken, D.

Jelínková, H.

M. Němec, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc Karel Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, in Proceedings of the International Quantum Electronics Conference and Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific Rim 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. C552.

Kim, J.

J. Kim, D. Shen, J. Sahu, and W. Clarkson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. W.

Korostelin, Y.

A. Voronov, V. Kozlovskii, Y. Korostelin, A. Landman, Y. Podmarkov, V. Polushkin, T.-O. Ragimov, Y. Skasyrskii, M. Filipchuk, and M. Frolov, Bull. Lebedev. Phys. Inst. 37, 169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovskii, V.

A. Voronov, V. Kozlovskii, Y. Korostelin, A. Landman, Y. Podmarkov, V. Polushkin, T.-O. Ragimov, Y. Skasyrskii, M. Filipchuk, and M. Frolov, Bull. Lebedev. Phys. Inst. 37, 169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W.

R. Page, K. Schaffers, L. DeLoach, G. Wilke, F. Patel, J. Tassano, S. Payne, W. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Landman, A.

A. Voronov, V. Kozlovskii, Y. Korostelin, A. Landman, Y. Podmarkov, V. Polushkin, T.-O. Ragimov, Y. Skasyrskii, M. Filipchuk, and M. Frolov, Bull. Lebedev. Phys. Inst. 37, 169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leyva, V.

R. D. Stultz, V. Leyva, and K. Spariosu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martial, I.

A. Aubourg, I. Martial, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Proc. SPIE 8235, 823516 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Martyshkin, D. V.

Y. Terekhov, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): Science and Innovations(Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTu2D.6.

Meissner, H.

Merkle, L. D.

Michael, A.

Mirov, S. B.

Y. Terekhov, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): Science and Innovations(Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTu2D.6.

Moskalev, I.

Y. Terekhov, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): Science and Innovations(Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTu2D.6.

Mu, X.

Munch, J.

Nemec, M.

M. Němec, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc Karel Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, in Proceedings of the International Quantum Electronics Conference and Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific Rim 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. C552.

Newburgh, G. A.

Ottaway, D.

Page, R.

R. Page, K. Schaffers, L. DeLoach, G. Wilke, F. Patel, J. Tassano, S. Payne, W. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Patel, F.

R. Page, K. Schaffers, L. DeLoach, G. Wilke, F. Patel, J. Tassano, S. Payne, W. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S.

R. Page, K. Schaffers, L. DeLoach, G. Wilke, F. Patel, J. Tassano, S. Payne, W. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Podmarkov, Y.

A. Voronov, V. Kozlovskii, Y. Korostelin, A. Landman, Y. Podmarkov, V. Polushkin, T.-O. Ragimov, Y. Skasyrskii, M. Filipchuk, and M. Frolov, Bull. Lebedev. Phys. Inst. 37, 169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Polushkin, V.

A. Voronov, V. Kozlovskii, Y. Korostelin, A. Landman, Y. Podmarkov, V. Polushkin, T.-O. Ragimov, Y. Skasyrskii, M. Filipchuk, and M. Frolov, Bull. Lebedev. Phys. Inst. 37, 169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ragimov, T.-O.

A. Voronov, V. Kozlovskii, Y. Korostelin, A. Landman, Y. Podmarkov, V. Polushkin, T.-O. Ragimov, Y. Skasyrskii, M. Filipchuk, and M. Frolov, Bull. Lebedev. Phys. Inst. 37, 169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J.

J. Kim, D. Shen, J. Sahu, and W. Clarkson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Schaffers, K.

R. Page, K. Schaffers, L. DeLoach, G. Wilke, F. Patel, J. Tassano, S. Payne, W. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D.

J. Kim, D. Shen, J. Sahu, and W. Clarkson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

Simakov, N.

Skasyrskii, Y.

A. Voronov, V. Kozlovskii, Y. Korostelin, A. Landman, Y. Podmarkov, V. Polushkin, T.-O. Ragimov, Y. Skasyrskii, M. Filipchuk, and M. Frolov, Bull. Lebedev. Phys. Inst. 37, 169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Škoda, V.

M. Němec, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc Karel Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, in Proceedings of the International Quantum Electronics Conference and Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific Rim 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. C552.

Spariosu, K.

R. D. Stultz, V. Leyva, and K. Spariosu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stultz, R. D.

R. D. Stultz, V. Leyva, and K. Spariosu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Šulc Karel Nejezchleb, J.

M. Němec, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc Karel Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, in Proceedings of the International Quantum Electronics Conference and Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific Rim 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. C552.

Tassano, J.

R. Page, K. Schaffers, L. DeLoach, G. Wilke, F. Patel, J. Tassano, S. Payne, W. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Terekhov, Y.

Y. Terekhov, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): Science and Innovations(Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTu2D.6.

Ter-Gabrielyan, N.

Veitch, P.

Voronov, A.

A. Voronov, V. Kozlovskii, Y. Korostelin, A. Landman, Y. Podmarkov, V. Polushkin, T.-O. Ragimov, Y. Skasyrskii, M. Filipchuk, and M. Frolov, Bull. Lebedev. Phys. Inst. 37, 169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

Wilke, G.

R. Page, K. Schaffers, L. DeLoach, G. Wilke, F. Patel, J. Tassano, S. Payne, W. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Zhu, L.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. D. Stultz, V. Leyva, and K. Spariosu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Lebedev. Phys. Inst. (1)

A. Voronov, V. Kozlovskii, Y. Korostelin, A. Landman, Y. Podmarkov, V. Polushkin, T.-O. Ragimov, Y. Skasyrskii, M. Filipchuk, and M. Frolov, Bull. Lebedev. Phys. Inst. 37, 169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Page, K. Schaffers, L. DeLoach, G. Wilke, F. Patel, J. Tassano, S. Payne, W. Krupke, K.-T. Chen, and A. Burger, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 609 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Kim, D. Shen, J. Sahu, and W. Clarkson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Aubourg, I. Martial, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, Proc. SPIE 8235, 823516 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Y. Terekhov, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, and S. B. Mirov, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO): Science and Innovations(Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTu2D.6.

M. Němec, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc Karel Nejezchleb, and V. Škoda, in Proceedings of the International Quantum Electronics Conference and Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific Rim 2011 (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. C552.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Pump profile inside a 30×0.75mm undoped YAG SCF obtained by raytracing simulation (diameter slice along the crystal axis).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup of the directly diode-pumped Er:YAG laser in CW regime.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

CW output power at 1617 and 1645 nm versus the incident pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental setup of the passively Q-switched directly diode-pumped Er:YAG laser.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output power of the laser cavity described in Fig. 4 in CW mode at 1645 nm and in passive Q-switched mode at 1645 and 1617 nm versus the incident pump power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Normalized pulse shapes at full pump power (40 W).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Pulse energy (plain) and repetition rate (dashed) versus the incident pump power for 85% (black) and 80% (red) of Cr:ZnSe initial transmission.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Output Performance in Q-Switched Regime for Two Different Initial Transmissions (Tinit) of Saturable Absorber at 40 W of Pump Power

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