Abstract

We report a direct observation of a quasi-coherent thermal emission from a heated three-dimensional photonic-crystal sample. While the sample was under Joule heating, we observed multiple oscillations in its emission interferogram and deduced a coherent length of Lcoh(2040)μm, 5–10 times longer than that of a blackbody at comparable wavelengths. The observed, relatively long coherent length is attributed to coupling of thermal emission into lossy Bloch modes that oscillate coherently over a distance determined by decay length and the slow light nature of Bloch modes at the band-edges.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. J. Coutts, Renew. Sust. Energy Rev. 3, 77 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Planck, The Theory of Heat Radiation (Dover, 1912).
  3. D. L. C. Chan, M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Opt. Express 14, 8785 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. J. Lee, C. J. Fu, and Z. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 71904 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Marquier, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, R. Carminati, and J.-J. Greffet, Phys. Rev. B 69, 155412 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Y. Lin, J. Moreno, and J. G. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 380 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, Nature 417, 52 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. John and R. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 78, 43809 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. R. Fowles, Introduction to Modern Optics, 2nd Ed. (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1975), pp. 73–74, 80–82.
  11. E. L. Dereniak and G. D. Boreman, Infrared Detectors and Systems (Wiley, 1996), Chapter 2.
  12. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2007), Chapter 11.1–2.
  13. E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, The Electronic Handbook of Optical Constants and Thermooptic Coefficients[CD-ROM] (Elsevier Science & Technology, 1999).
  14. M. Povinelli, S. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Opt. Express 13, 7145 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. John and R. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 78, 43809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

B. J. Lee, C. J. Fu, and Z. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 71904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Povinelli, S. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Opt. Express 13, 7145 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

F. Marquier, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, R. Carminati, and J.-J. Greffet, Phys. Rev. B 69, 155412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. Y. Lin, J. Moreno, and J. G. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, Nature 417, 52 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

T. J. Coutts, Renew. Sust. Energy Rev. 3, 77 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Biswas, R.

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, Nature 417, 52 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boreman, G. D.

E. L. Dereniak and G. D. Boreman, Infrared Detectors and Systems (Wiley, 1996), Chapter 2.

Carminati, R.

F. Marquier, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, R. Carminati, and J.-J. Greffet, Phys. Rev. B 69, 155412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chan, D. L. C.

Chen, Y.

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Coutts, T. J.

T. J. Coutts, Renew. Sust. Energy Rev. 3, 77 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dereniak, E. L.

E. L. Dereniak and G. D. Boreman, Infrared Detectors and Systems (Wiley, 1996), Chapter 2.

El-Kady, I.

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, Nature 417, 52 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, J. G.

S. Y. Lin, J. Moreno, and J. G. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, Nature 417, 52 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fowles, G. R.

G. R. Fowles, Introduction to Modern Optics, 2nd Ed. (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1975), pp. 73–74, 80–82.

Fu, C. J.

B. J. Lee, C. J. Fu, and Z. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 71904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, G.

E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, The Electronic Handbook of Optical Constants and Thermooptic Coefficients[CD-ROM] (Elsevier Science & Technology, 1999).

Greffet, J.-J.

F. Marquier, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, R. Carminati, and J.-J. Greffet, Phys. Rev. B 69, 155412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ho, K. M.

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, Nature 417, 52 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

John, S.

S. John and R. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 78, 43809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S.

Joulain, K.

F. Marquier, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, R. Carminati, and J.-J. Greffet, Phys. Rev. B 69, 155412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. J.

B. J. Lee, C. J. Fu, and Z. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 71904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. Y.

S. Y. Lin, J. Moreno, and J. G. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, Nature 417, 52 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mainguy, S.

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marquier, F.

F. Marquier, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, R. Carminati, and J.-J. Greffet, Phys. Rev. B 69, 155412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, J.

S. Y. Lin, J. Moreno, and J. G. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mulet, J.-P.

F. Marquier, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, R. Carminati, and J.-J. Greffet, Phys. Rev. B 69, 155412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, The Electronic Handbook of Optical Constants and Thermooptic Coefficients[CD-ROM] (Elsevier Science & Technology, 1999).

Planck, M.

M. Planck, The Theory of Heat Radiation (Dover, 1912).

Povinelli, M.

Saleh, B. E. A.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2007), Chapter 11.1–2.

Soljacic, M.

Teich, M. C.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2007), Chapter 11.1–2.

Wang, R.

S. John and R. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 78, 43809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. M.

B. J. Lee, C. J. Fu, and Z. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 71904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

B. J. Lee, C. J. Fu, and Z. M. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 71904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Lin, J. Moreno, and J. G. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

J. G. Fleming, S. Y. Lin, I. El-Kady, R. Biswas, and K. M. Ho, Nature 417, 52 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, Nature 416, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. John and R. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 78, 43809 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

F. Marquier, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, R. Carminati, and J.-J. Greffet, Phys. Rev. B 69, 155412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Renew. Sust. Energy Rev. (1)

T. J. Coutts, Renew. Sust. Energy Rev. 3, 77 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

M. Planck, The Theory of Heat Radiation (Dover, 1912).

G. R. Fowles, Introduction to Modern Optics, 2nd Ed. (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1975), pp. 73–74, 80–82.

E. L. Dereniak and G. D. Boreman, Infrared Detectors and Systems (Wiley, 1996), Chapter 2.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 2007), Chapter 11.1–2.

E. D. Palik and G. Ghosh, The Electronic Handbook of Optical Constants and Thermooptic Coefficients[CD-ROM] (Elsevier Science & Technology, 1999).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Scanning electron micrograph of a six-layer 3D metallic PhC-sample. (b) Photograph of a light-emitting PhC-sample under Joule heating. (c) Schematic of Michelson interferometer optical setup. (d) Example of measured interferogram taken from a heated PhC-sample.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured thermal emission spectra of (a) a PhC-sample at Ibias=0.45A and a blackbody source at T=850K, (b) the PhC-sample with a λ=3.5μm shortpass filter (blue curve, doublet) and λ=2.5μm PhC filter (green curve, singlet), and (c) that deduced from Fig. 2(a) without the blackbody and the background emission.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured (red curve) and fitted (blue curve) inteferogram taken from (a) a blackbody source at T=850K, (b) the doublet PhC-emission; (c) the singlet PhC-emission, and (d) the deduced doublet PhC-emission.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Frequency-wavevector dispersion plot of our 3D PhC-sample. (b) Finite-difference-time-domain calculation of field profile at λ=1.8μm as light traverses through a four-layer PhC-sample. (c) Calculated absorptance for a series of PhC-sample with different number of layers, N=18.

Metrics