Abstract

We demonstrate experimentally generation of diffraction-free plasmonic beams with zeroth- and first-order Bessel intensity profiles using axicon-like structures fabricated on gold film surfaces and designed to operate at a wavelength of 700 nm. The central beam features a very low divergence (8πmrad) for a narrow waist of the order of one wavelength and the ability to self reconstruct, which are the main signatures of diffraction-free beams.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  4. J. C. Gutiérrez-Vega, M. D. Iturbe-Castillo, and S. Chávez-Cerda, Opt. Lett. 25, 1493 (2000).
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  9. P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
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2012 (4)

C. Garcia, V. Coello, Z. Han, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. B 107, 401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Kurt and M. Turduev, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1245(2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Gluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 093904 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, Nat. Photonics 5, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, D. N. Neshev, I. V. Shadrivov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 36, 1164 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

I. P. Radko, V. S. Volkov, J. Beermann, A. B. Evlyukhin, T. Søndergaard, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 575 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

T. Ebbesen, C. Genet, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Today 61(5), 44 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Siviloglou and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 32, 979 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1987 (1)

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Beermann, J.

I. P. Radko, V. S. Volkov, J. Beermann, A. B. Evlyukhin, T. Søndergaard, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 575 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boltasseva, A.

I. P. Radko, V. S. Volkov, J. Beermann, A. B. Evlyukhin, T. Søndergaard, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 575 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

C. Garcia, V. Coello, Z. Han, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. B 107, 401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Radko, V. S. Volkov, J. Beermann, A. B. Evlyukhin, T. Søndergaard, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 575 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Ebbesen, C. Genet, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Today 61(5), 44 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Broky, J.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

I. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Gluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 093904 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chávez-Cerda, S.

Chen, Z.

Christodoulides, D. N.

Coello, V.

C. Garcia, V. Coello, Z. Han, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. B 107, 401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

de Fornel, F.

I. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Gluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 093904 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dellinger, J.

I. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Gluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 093904 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dogariu, A.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Durnin, J.

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T.

T. Ebbesen, C. Genet, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Today 61(5), 44 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eberly, J. H.

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Evlyukhin, A. B.

I. P. Radko, V. S. Volkov, J. Beermann, A. B. Evlyukhin, T. Søndergaard, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 575 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, C.

C. Garcia, V. Coello, Z. Han, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. B 107, 401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

T. Ebbesen, C. Genet, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Today 61(5), 44 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Genevet, P.

I. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Gluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 093904 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gluzel, B.

I. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Gluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 093904 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gutiérrez-Vega, J. C.

Han, Z.

C. Garcia, V. Coello, Z. Han, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. B 107, 401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Iturbe-Castillo, M. D.

Janunts, N.

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Juan, M. L.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, Nat. Photonics 5, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Klein, A. E.

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kurt, H.

Li, L.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, I.

I. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Gluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 093904 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

Liu, Y.

Lu, C.

Miceli, J. J.

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Minovich, A.

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

Neshev, D. N.

Pertsch, T.

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, Nat. Photonics 5, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Radko, I. P.

C. Garcia, V. Coello, Z. Han, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. B 107, 401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Radko, V. S. Volkov, J. Beermann, A. B. Evlyukhin, T. Søndergaard, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 575 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Righini, M.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, Nat. Photonics 5, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Salandrino, A.

Shadrivov, I. V.

Siviloglou, G. A.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Siviloglou and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 32, 979 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Søndergaard, T.

I. P. Radko, V. S. Volkov, J. Beermann, A. B. Evlyukhin, T. Søndergaard, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 575 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Steinert, M.

Tünnermann, A.

Turduev, M.

Volkov, V. S.

I. P. Radko, V. S. Volkov, J. Beermann, A. B. Evlyukhin, T. Søndergaard, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 575 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

Wang, S. M.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yin, X.

Zhang, C.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, P.

Zhang, X.

Zhu, S. N.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. Garcia, V. Coello, Z. Han, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Appl. Phys. B 107, 401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

I. P. Radko, V. S. Volkov, J. Beermann, A. B. Evlyukhin, T. Søndergaard, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Laser Photon. Rev. 3, 575 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, Nat. Photonics 5, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499 (1987).
[CrossRef]

I. Lin, J. Dellinger, P. Genevet, B. Gluzel, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 093904 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today (1)

T. Ebbesen, C. Genet, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Today 61(5), 44 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Weakly focused laser beam illuminates a gold ridge structure to generate a DF-SPPB. The arrow indicates the polarization direction. (b) Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image of the plasmonic axicon-like structure A1. (c) SEM image of the phase-shifting plasmonic axicon-like structure A2. (d) Cross-sectional schematic view of structures A1 and A2. The width w and thickness t of the gold ridges are 300 and 70 nm, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

LRM images of DF-SPPBs generated by structure (a) A1 and (b) A2. The inset in (b) is the LRM image of a SPP beam excited with a straight ridge. (c) and (d) Averaged cross-sections along the y-coordinate at different distances from the apex (origin) of A1 and A2, respectively, to be compared with (e) zeroth- and (f) first-order squared Bessel functions. (g) LRM images of DF-SPPBs generated by illuminating the structure with a tightly focused beam (5μm) (left) and partially defocused (10μm) (right). (h) FWHM measurements at different distances from the apex (origin) for the three different beams labelled as I, II, and III in (a) and (b).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) SEM image of the axicon-like structure and a cylindrical obstacle placed at 10 μm from apex of the structure. (b) Schematic design of the fabricated obstacle in (a). (c) LRM image of the generated DF-SPPB facing a cylindrical obstacle. LRM image of a typical SPP beam excited by focusing the laser beam on a straight ridge (d) propagating freely and (e) facing a cylindrical obstacle. The grey spot in (c) and (e) shows the position of the obstacle.

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