Abstract

We report on experimental evidence of unidirectional transmission of terahertz waves through a pair of metallic gratings with different periods. The gratings are optimized for a broadband transmission in one direction, accompanied with a high extinction rate in the opposite direction. In contrast to previous studies, we show that the zero-order nonreciprocity cannot be achieved. Nonetheless, we confirm that the structure can be used successfully as an asymmetric filter.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2011 (3)

S. Cakmakyapan, H. Caglayan, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 051103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, C. Cheng, M. Kang, J. Chen, Z. Zheng, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Opt. Lett. 36, 1905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Kang, A. Butsch, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Photonics 5, 549 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

A. E. Serebryannikov, Phys. Rev. B 80, 155117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

Z. Marcet, J. W. Paster, D. W. Carr, J. E. Bower, R. A. Cirelli, F. Klemens, W. M. Mansfield, J. F. Miner, C. S. Pai, and H. B. Chan, Opt. Lett. 33, 1410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, Y. D. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, Nano Lett. 8, 2940 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, D.-J. Shi, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 78, 075406 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

A. Mandatori, M. Bertolotti, and C. Sibilia, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056611 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 2023 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Akosman, A. E.

Battal, E.

E. Battal, T. A. Yogurt, and A. K. Okyay, “Ultrahigh contrast one-way optical transmission through a subwavelength slit,” Plasmonics (2012), doi:10.1007/s11468-012-9419-4.

Bermel, P.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, Comput. Phys. Commun. 181, 687 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bertolotti, M.

Bloemer, M. J.

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 2023 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bowden, C. M.

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 2023 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bower, J. E.

Butsch, A.

M. S. Kang, A. Butsch, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Photonics 5, 549 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Caglayan, H.

S. Cakmakyapan, H. Caglayan, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 051103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Cakmakyapan, A. E. Serebryannikov, H. Caglayan, and E. Ozbay, Opt. Lett. 35, 2597 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cakmakyapan, S.

S. Cakmakyapan, H. Caglayan, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 051103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Cakmakyapan, A. E. Serebryannikov, H. Caglayan, and E. Ozbay, Opt. Lett. 35, 2597 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Carr, D. W.

Chan, H. B.

Chen, J.

J. Xu, C. Cheng, M. Kang, J. Chen, Z. Zheng, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Opt. Lett. 36, 1905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, D.-J. Shi, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 78, 075406 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, Nano Lett. 8, 2940 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, C.

J. Xu, C. Cheng, M. Kang, J. Chen, Z. Zheng, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Opt. Lett. 36, 1905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, D.-J. Shi, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 78, 075406 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chong, Y. D.

Z. Wang, Y. D. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cirelli, R. A.

Ding, J.

C. Cheng, J. Chen, D.-J. Shi, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 78, 075406 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dowling, J. P.

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 2023 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y.-X.

J. Xu, C. Cheng, M. Kang, J. Chen, Z. Zheng, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Opt. Lett. 36, 1905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, D.-J. Shi, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 78, 075406 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fedotov, V. A.

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, Nano Lett. 8, 2940 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, C. C.

Guo, C.-C.

Hibbins, A. P.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056611 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ibanescu, M.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, Comput. Phys. Commun. 181, 687 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, Comput. Phys. Commun. 181, 687 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, Y. D. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. G.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, Comput. Phys. Commun. 181, 687 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kang, M.

Kang, M. S.

M. S. Kang, A. Butsch, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Photonics 5, 549 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Khardikov, V. V.

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, Nano Lett. 8, 2940 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Klemens, F.

Kurt, H.

Kuzmiak, V.

V. Kuzmiak, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. A 86, 043805 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, Ph.

Li, Z.-Y.

C. Wang, X.-L. Zhong, and Z.-Y. Li, Sci. Rep. 2, 674(2012).

Liu, K.

Lockyear, M. J.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056611 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z.

Ma, T.

Mandatori, A.

Mansfield, W. M.

Maradudin, A. A.

V. Kuzmiak, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. A 86, 043805 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Marcet, Z.

Miner, J. F.

Morris, G. M.

Okyay, A. K.

E. Battal, T. A. Yogurt, and A. K. Okyay, “Ultrahigh contrast one-way optical transmission through a subwavelength slit,” Plasmonics (2012), doi:10.1007/s11468-012-9419-4.

Oskooi, A. F.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, Comput. Phys. Commun. 181, 687 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ozbay, E.

Pai, C. S.

Paster, J. W.

Prosvirnin, S. L.

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, Nano Lett. 8, 2940 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ren, F.-F.

C. Cheng, J. Chen, D.-J. Shi, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 78, 075406 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roundy, D.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, Comput. Phys. Commun. 181, 687 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

M. S. Kang, A. Butsch, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Photonics 5, 549 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sambles, J. R.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056611 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Scalora, M.

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 2023 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schwanecke, A. S.

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, Nano Lett. 8, 2940 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Serebryannikov, A. E.

S. Cakmakyapan, H. Caglayan, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 051103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Cakmakyapan, A. E. Serebryannikov, H. Caglayan, and E. Ozbay, Opt. Lett. 35, 2597 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Serebryannikov, Phys. Rev. B 80, 155117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shi, D.-J.

C. Cheng, J. Chen, D.-J. Shi, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 78, 075406 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sibilia, C.

Soljacic, M.

Z. Wang, Y. D. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

C. Wang, X.-L. Zhong, and Z.-Y. Li, Sci. Rep. 2, 674(2012).

Wang, H.-T.

J. Xu, C. Cheng, M. Kang, J. Chen, Z. Zheng, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Opt. Lett. 36, 1905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, D.-J. Shi, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 78, 075406 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, Y. D. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

White, K. R.

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056611 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.-Y.

C. Cheng, J. Chen, D.-J. Shi, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 78, 075406 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

J. Xu, C. Cheng, M. Kang, J. Chen, Z. Zheng, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Opt. Lett. 36, 1905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, D.-J. Shi, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 78, 075406 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W.

Yang, B.

Ye, W. M.

Ye, W.-M.

Yilmaz, D.

Yogurt, T. A.

E. Battal, T. A. Yogurt, and A. K. Okyay, “Ultrahigh contrast one-way optical transmission through a subwavelength slit,” Plasmonics (2012), doi:10.1007/s11468-012-9419-4.

Yuan, X. D.

Yuan, X.-D.

Zen, C.

Zheludev, N. I.

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, Nano Lett. 8, 2940 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z.

Zhong, X.-L.

C. Wang, X.-L. Zhong, and Z.-Y. Li, Sci. Rep. 2, 674(2012).

Zhu, Z. H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Cakmakyapan, H. Caglayan, A. E. Serebryannikov, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 051103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Cheng, J. Chen, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, and H.-T. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 111111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Comput. Phys. Commun. (1)

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, Comput. Phys. Commun. 181, 687 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Scalora, J. P. Dowling, C. M. Bowden, and M. J. Bloemer, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 2023 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Lett. (1)

A. S. Schwanecke, V. A. Fedotov, V. V. Khardikov, S. L. Prosvirnin, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, Nano Lett. 8, 2940 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. S. Kang, A. Butsch, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Photonics 5, 549 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

V. Kuzmiak, and A. A. Maradudin, Phys. Rev. A 86, 043805 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

C. Cheng, J. Chen, D.-J. Shi, Q.-Y. Wu, F.-F. Ren, J. Xu, Y.-X. Fan, J. Ding, and H.-T. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 78, 075406 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Serebryannikov, Phys. Rev. B 80, 155117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

M. J. Lockyear, A. P. Hibbins, K. R. White, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. E 74, 056611 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Z. Wang, Y. D. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013905 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Rep. (1)

C. Wang, X.-L. Zhong, and Z.-Y. Li, Sci. Rep. 2, 674(2012).

Other (1)

E. Battal, T. A. Yogurt, and A. K. Okyay, “Ultrahigh contrast one-way optical transmission through a subwavelength slit,” Plasmonics (2012), doi:10.1007/s11468-012-9419-4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic view of the dual metal grating.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Total transmission spectra of the double grating calculated using FDTD in the two opposite directions.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Distributions of the energy density calculated with FDTD at the frequency of 0.1 THz for the two opposite directions of incidence: (a) incidence from the top side, transmission in the ±1 orders and (b) incidence from the bottom side, transmission is suppressed.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measurement setup. S, Gunn diode; Ch, chopper; F, asymmetric filter; L1, L2, lenses; and D, detector.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Intensity of the angular transmission spectrum of the double grating measured at the frequency of 0.1 THz in both directions.

Metrics