Abstract

We demonstrate an approach for picosecond probe-beam generation that enables hybrid femtosecond/picosecond pure-rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) measurements in flames. Sum-frequency generation of bandwidth-compressed picosecond radiation from femtosecond pumps with phase-conjugate chirps provides probe pulses with energies in excess of 1 mJ that are temporally locked to the femtosecond pump/Stokes preparation. This method overcomes previous limitations on hybrid femtosecond/picosecond rotational CARS techniques, which have relied upon less efficient bandwidth-reduction processes that have generally resulted in prohibitively low probe energy for flame measurements. We provide the details of the second-harmonic approach and demonstrate the technique in near-adiabatic hydrogen/air flames.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, Progr. Energy Combust. Sci. 36, 280 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Beaud, H. M. Frey, T. Lang, and M. Motzkus, Chem. Phys. Lett. 344, 407 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, W. D. Kulatilika, S. Roy, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. B 104, 699 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Roy, W. D. Kulatilika, D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 34, 3587 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. D. Miller, M. N. Slipchenko, T. R. Meyer, H. U. Stauffer, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 35, 2430 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. D. Miller, S. Roy, M. N. Slipchenko, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, Opt. Express 19, 15627 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 201104 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. U. Stauffer, J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 111101 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Gao, A. Bohlin, T. Seeger, P. E. Bengtsson, and C. J. Kliewer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 34, 3637 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. D. Miller, C. E. Dedic, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, Opt. Express 20, 5003 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Raoult, A. C. I. Boscheron, D. Husson, C. Sauteret, A. Modena, V. Malka, F. Dorchies, and A. Migus, Opt. Lett. 23, 1117 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Laimgruber, H. Schachenmayr, B. Schmidt, W. Zinth, and P. Gilch, Appl. Phys. B 85, 557 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. D. Hancock, K. E. Bertagnolli, and R. P. Lucht, Combust. Flame 109, 323 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Seeger and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 35, 2665 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. P. Kearney, D. J. Scoglietti, and C. J. Kliewer, “Hybrid fs/ps rotational CARS temperature and concentration measurements using two different ps-duration probe beams,” presented at 51st Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Grapevine, Texas, January 2013, paper AIAA-2013-0338, 2013.

2012 (3)

H. U. Stauffer, J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 111101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gao, A. Bohlin, T. Seeger, P. E. Bengtsson, and C. J. Kliewer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 34, 3637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Miller, C. E. Dedic, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, Opt. Express 20, 5003 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

J. D. Miller, S. Roy, M. N. Slipchenko, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, Opt. Express 19, 15627 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 201104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, W. D. Kulatilika, S. Roy, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. B 104, 699 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, Progr. Energy Combust. Sci. 36, 280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Miller, M. N. Slipchenko, T. R. Meyer, H. U. Stauffer, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 35, 2430 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

S. Roy, W. D. Kulatilika, D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 34, 3587 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. Laimgruber, H. Schachenmayr, B. Schmidt, W. Zinth, and P. Gilch, Appl. Phys. B 85, 557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

P. Beaud, H. M. Frey, T. Lang, and M. Motzkus, Chem. Phys. Lett. 344, 407 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

R. D. Hancock, K. E. Bertagnolli, and R. P. Lucht, Combust. Flame 109, 323 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1987 (1)

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Beaud, P.

P. Beaud, H. M. Frey, T. Lang, and M. Motzkus, Chem. Phys. Lett. 344, 407 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bengtsson, P. E.

Y. Gao, A. Bohlin, T. Seeger, P. E. Bengtsson, and C. J. Kliewer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 34, 3637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bertagnolli, K. E.

R. D. Hancock, K. E. Bertagnolli, and R. P. Lucht, Combust. Flame 109, 323 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bohlin, A.

Y. Gao, A. Bohlin, T. Seeger, P. E. Bengtsson, and C. J. Kliewer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 34, 3637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Boscheron, A. C. I.

Dedic, C. E.

Dorchies, F.

Frey, H. M.

P. Beaud, H. M. Frey, T. Lang, and M. Motzkus, Chem. Phys. Lett. 344, 407 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Y.

Y. Gao, A. Bohlin, T. Seeger, P. E. Bengtsson, and C. J. Kliewer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 34, 3637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gilch, P.

S. Laimgruber, H. Schachenmayr, B. Schmidt, W. Zinth, and P. Gilch, Appl. Phys. B 85, 557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gord, J. R.

J. D. Miller, C. E. Dedic, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, Opt. Express 20, 5003 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. U. Stauffer, J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 111101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Miller, S. Roy, M. N. Slipchenko, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, Opt. Express 19, 15627 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 201104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, W. D. Kulatilika, S. Roy, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. B 104, 699 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Miller, M. N. Slipchenko, T. R. Meyer, H. U. Stauffer, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 35, 2430 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, Progr. Energy Combust. Sci. 36, 280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, W. D. Kulatilika, D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 34, 3587 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hancock, R. D.

R. D. Hancock, K. E. Bertagnolli, and R. P. Lucht, Combust. Flame 109, 323 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Husson, D.

Kearney, S. P.

S. P. Kearney, D. J. Scoglietti, and C. J. Kliewer, “Hybrid fs/ps rotational CARS temperature and concentration measurements using two different ps-duration probe beams,” presented at 51st Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Grapevine, Texas, January 2013, paper AIAA-2013-0338, 2013.

Kliewer, C. J.

Y. Gao, A. Bohlin, T. Seeger, P. E. Bengtsson, and C. J. Kliewer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 34, 3637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Kearney, D. J. Scoglietti, and C. J. Kliewer, “Hybrid fs/ps rotational CARS temperature and concentration measurements using two different ps-duration probe beams,” presented at 51st Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Grapevine, Texas, January 2013, paper AIAA-2013-0338, 2013.

Kulatilika, W. D.

D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, W. D. Kulatilika, S. Roy, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. B 104, 699 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, W. D. Kulatilika, D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 34, 3587 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laimgruber, S.

S. Laimgruber, H. Schachenmayr, B. Schmidt, W. Zinth, and P. Gilch, Appl. Phys. B 85, 557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lang, T.

P. Beaud, H. M. Frey, T. Lang, and M. Motzkus, Chem. Phys. Lett. 344, 407 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Leipertz, A.

Lucht, R. P.

D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, W. D. Kulatilika, S. Roy, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. B 104, 699 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, W. D. Kulatilika, D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 34, 3587 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Hancock, K. E. Bertagnolli, and R. P. Lucht, Combust. Flame 109, 323 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Malka, V.

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, T. R.

Migus, A.

Miller, J. D.

Modena, A.

Motzkus, M.

P. Beaud, H. M. Frey, T. Lang, and M. Motzkus, Chem. Phys. Lett. 344, 407 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Patnaik, A. K.

S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, Progr. Energy Combust. Sci. 36, 280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Raoult, F.

Richardson, D. R.

D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, W. D. Kulatilika, S. Roy, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. B 104, 699 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, W. D. Kulatilika, D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 34, 3587 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Roy, S.

H. U. Stauffer, J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 111101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Miller, C. E. Dedic, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, Opt. Express 20, 5003 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Miller, S. Roy, M. N. Slipchenko, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, Opt. Express 19, 15627 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 201104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, W. D. Kulatilika, S. Roy, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. B 104, 699 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, Progr. Energy Combust. Sci. 36, 280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Roy, W. D. Kulatilika, D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 34, 3587 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sauteret, C.

Schachenmayr, H.

S. Laimgruber, H. Schachenmayr, B. Schmidt, W. Zinth, and P. Gilch, Appl. Phys. B 85, 557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B.

S. Laimgruber, H. Schachenmayr, B. Schmidt, W. Zinth, and P. Gilch, Appl. Phys. B 85, 557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Scoglietti, D. J.

S. P. Kearney, D. J. Scoglietti, and C. J. Kliewer, “Hybrid fs/ps rotational CARS temperature and concentration measurements using two different ps-duration probe beams,” presented at 51st Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Grapevine, Texas, January 2013, paper AIAA-2013-0338, 2013.

Seeger, T.

Y. Gao, A. Bohlin, T. Seeger, P. E. Bengtsson, and C. J. Kliewer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 34, 3637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Seeger and A. Leipertz, Appl. Opt. 35, 2665 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Slipchenko, M. N.

Stauffer, H. U.

H. U. Stauffer, J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 111101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Miller, M. N. Slipchenko, T. R. Meyer, H. U. Stauffer, and J. R. Gord, Opt. Lett. 35, 2430 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zinth, W.

S. Laimgruber, H. Schachenmayr, B. Schmidt, W. Zinth, and P. Gilch, Appl. Phys. B 85, 557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

D. R. Richardson, R. P. Lucht, W. D. Kulatilika, S. Roy, and J. R. Gord, Appl. Phys. B 104, 699 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Laimgruber, H. Schachenmayr, B. Schmidt, W. Zinth, and P. Gilch, Appl. Phys. B 85, 557 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Beaud, H. M. Frey, T. Lang, and M. Motzkus, Chem. Phys. Lett. 344, 407 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Combust. Flame (1)

R. D. Hancock, K. E. Bertagnolli, and R. P. Lucht, Combust. Flame 109, 323 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, J. Chem. Phys. 135, 201104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. U. Stauffer, J. D. Miller, S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and T. R. Meyer, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 111101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. Combust. Inst. (1)

Y. Gao, A. Bohlin, T. Seeger, P. E. Bengtsson, and C. J. Kliewer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 34, 3637 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Progr. Energy Combust. Sci. (1)

S. Roy, J. R. Gord, and A. K. Patnaik, Progr. Energy Combust. Sci. 36, 280 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. P. Kearney, D. J. Scoglietti, and C. J. Kliewer, “Hybrid fs/ps rotational CARS temperature and concentration measurements using two different ps-duration probe beams,” presented at 51st Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Grapevine, Texas, January 2013, paper AIAA-2013-0338, 2013.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

SHBC approach: dashed lines indicate beam paths internal to the pulse stretchers. Labeled optical elements include grating (G), cylindrical lens (CL), and BBO crystal (BBO).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured time-domain cross correlation (top) and spectrum (bottom) of the SHBC probe beam.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

SHBC rotational CARS spectra. Shot-averaged and single-shot results are shown. Data at Φ=0.48 are at top, with results at Φ=0.70 in the lower portion.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temperature and O2 concentration histograms constructed from 1000 single-laser-shot spectra at Φ=0.48 and 0.70.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

χ(t)=kvΔJ=±2Wv,JJ(k)exp[(iωv,JJ(k)ΓJJ(k))t],
Wv,JJ(k)=Xkγv,k2bJJFJJ(k)(Nv,J(k)Nv,J(k)),
ECARS(tτ)=Epr(tτ)exp[iωo(tτ)]×χ(t),

Metrics