Abstract

Two cw single-mode violet (397 nm) diode lasers are locked to a single external-cavity master diode laser by optical injection locking. A double-pass 1.6 GHz acousto-optic modulator is used to provide a 3.2 GHz offset frequency between the two slave lasers. We achieve up to 20 mW usable output in each slave beam, with as little as 25 μW of injection power at room temperature. An optical heterodyne measurement of the beat note between the two slave beams gives a linewidth of 10Hz at 3.2 GHz. We also estimate the free-running linewidth of the master laser to be approximately 3 MHz by optical heterodyning with a similar device.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. P. Home, M. J. McDonnell, D. M. Lucas, G. Imreh, B. C. Keitch, D. J. Szwer, N. R. Thomas, S. C. Webster, D. N. Stacey, and A. M. Steane, New J. Phys. 8, 188 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. M. Lucas, B. C. Keitch, J. P. Home, G. Imreh, M. J. McDonnell, D. N. Stacey, D. J. Szwer, and A. M. Steane, “A long-lived memory qubit on a low-decoherence quantum bus,” arXiv 0710.4421 (2007).
  3. J. Benhelm, G. Kirchmair, C. F. Roos, and R. Blatt, Phys. Rev. A 77, 062306 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Arbes, M. Benzing, T. Gudjons, F. Kurth, and G. Werth, Z. Phys. D 31, 27 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021101 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Bouyer, T. L. Gustavson, K. G. Haritos, and M. A. Kasevich, Opt. Lett. 21, 1502 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. M. Angel, M. Carrabba, and T. F. Cooney, Spectrochim. Acta A 51, 1779 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Komori, Y. Takasu, M. Kumakura, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5059 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. I. Hirano and N. Ito, Opt. Laser Technol. 37, 81 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. C. McKay, D. Jervis, D. J. Fine, J. W. Simpson-Porco, G. J. A. Edge, and J. H. Thywissen, Phys. Rev. A 84, 063420 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Körber, Quantum Optics and Spectroscopy, University of Innsbruck, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Technikerstrasse 25/4, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria (personal communication, 2004).

2011 (1)

D. C. McKay, D. Jervis, D. J. Fine, J. W. Simpson-Porco, G. J. A. Edge, and J. H. Thywissen, Phys. Rev. A 84, 063420 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

J. Benhelm, G. Kirchmair, C. F. Roos, and R. Blatt, Phys. Rev. A 77, 062306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. P. Home, M. J. McDonnell, D. M. Lucas, G. Imreh, B. C. Keitch, D. J. Szwer, N. R. Thomas, S. C. Webster, D. N. Stacey, and A. M. Steane, New J. Phys. 8, 188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

I. Hirano and N. Ito, Opt. Laser Technol. 37, 81 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. Komori, Y. Takasu, M. Kumakura, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5059 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

S. M. Angel, M. Carrabba, and T. F. Cooney, Spectrochim. Acta A 51, 1779 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

F. Arbes, M. Benzing, T. Gudjons, F. Kurth, and G. Werth, Z. Phys. D 31, 27 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Angel, S. M.

S. M. Angel, M. Carrabba, and T. F. Cooney, Spectrochim. Acta A 51, 1779 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Arbes, F.

F. Arbes, M. Benzing, T. Gudjons, F. Kurth, and G. Werth, Z. Phys. D 31, 27 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Benhelm, J.

J. Benhelm, G. Kirchmair, C. F. Roos, and R. Blatt, Phys. Rev. A 77, 062306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Benzing, M.

F. Arbes, M. Benzing, T. Gudjons, F. Kurth, and G. Werth, Z. Phys. D 31, 27 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Blakestad, R. B.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Blatt, R.

J. Benhelm, G. Kirchmair, C. F. Roos, and R. Blatt, Phys. Rev. A 77, 062306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bouyer, P.

Britton, J.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Carrabba, M.

S. M. Angel, M. Carrabba, and T. F. Cooney, Spectrochim. Acta A 51, 1779 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chiaverini, J.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cooney, T. F.

S. M. Angel, M. Carrabba, and T. F. Cooney, Spectrochim. Acta A 51, 1779 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Edge, G. J. A.

D. C. McKay, D. Jervis, D. J. Fine, J. W. Simpson-Porco, G. J. A. Edge, and J. H. Thywissen, Phys. Rev. A 84, 063420 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fine, D. J.

D. C. McKay, D. Jervis, D. J. Fine, J. W. Simpson-Porco, G. J. A. Edge, and J. H. Thywissen, Phys. Rev. A 84, 063420 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gudjons, T.

F. Arbes, M. Benzing, T. Gudjons, F. Kurth, and G. Werth, Z. Phys. D 31, 27 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gustavson, T. L.

Haritos, K. G.

Hirano, I.

I. Hirano and N. Ito, Opt. Laser Technol. 37, 81 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Home, J. P.

J. P. Home, M. J. McDonnell, D. M. Lucas, G. Imreh, B. C. Keitch, D. J. Szwer, N. R. Thomas, S. C. Webster, D. N. Stacey, and A. M. Steane, New J. Phys. 8, 188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Lucas, B. C. Keitch, J. P. Home, G. Imreh, M. J. McDonnell, D. N. Stacey, D. J. Szwer, and A. M. Steane, “A long-lived memory qubit on a low-decoherence quantum bus,” arXiv 0710.4421 (2007).

Ikeda, M.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Imreh, G.

J. P. Home, M. J. McDonnell, D. M. Lucas, G. Imreh, B. C. Keitch, D. J. Szwer, N. R. Thomas, S. C. Webster, D. N. Stacey, and A. M. Steane, New J. Phys. 8, 188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Lucas, B. C. Keitch, J. P. Home, G. Imreh, M. J. McDonnell, D. N. Stacey, D. J. Szwer, and A. M. Steane, “A long-lived memory qubit on a low-decoherence quantum bus,” arXiv 0710.4421 (2007).

Itano, W. M.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ito, N.

I. Hirano and N. Ito, Opt. Laser Technol. 37, 81 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jervis, D.

D. C. McKay, D. Jervis, D. J. Fine, J. W. Simpson-Porco, G. J. A. Edge, and J. H. Thywissen, Phys. Rev. A 84, 063420 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jost, J. D.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kasevich, M. A.

Keitch, B. C.

J. P. Home, M. J. McDonnell, D. M. Lucas, G. Imreh, B. C. Keitch, D. J. Szwer, N. R. Thomas, S. C. Webster, D. N. Stacey, and A. M. Steane, New J. Phys. 8, 188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Lucas, B. C. Keitch, J. P. Home, G. Imreh, M. J. McDonnell, D. N. Stacey, D. J. Szwer, and A. M. Steane, “A long-lived memory qubit on a low-decoherence quantum bus,” arXiv 0710.4421 (2007).

Kirchmair, G.

J. Benhelm, G. Kirchmair, C. F. Roos, and R. Blatt, Phys. Rev. A 77, 062306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koda, R.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Komori, K.

K. Komori, Y. Takasu, M. Kumakura, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5059 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Körber, T.

T. Körber, Quantum Optics and Spectroscopy, University of Innsbruck, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Technikerstrasse 25/4, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria (personal communication, 2004).

Kumakura, M.

K. Komori, Y. Takasu, M. Kumakura, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5059 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuramoto, M.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kurth, F.

F. Arbes, M. Benzing, T. Gudjons, F. Kurth, and G. Werth, Z. Phys. D 31, 27 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Langer, C.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leibfried, D.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, D. M.

J. P. Home, M. J. McDonnell, D. M. Lucas, G. Imreh, B. C. Keitch, D. J. Szwer, N. R. Thomas, S. C. Webster, D. N. Stacey, and A. M. Steane, New J. Phys. 8, 188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Lucas, B. C. Keitch, J. P. Home, G. Imreh, M. J. McDonnell, D. N. Stacey, D. J. Szwer, and A. M. Steane, “A long-lived memory qubit on a low-decoherence quantum bus,” arXiv 0710.4421 (2007).

McDonnell, M. J.

J. P. Home, M. J. McDonnell, D. M. Lucas, G. Imreh, B. C. Keitch, D. J. Szwer, N. R. Thomas, S. C. Webster, D. N. Stacey, and A. M. Steane, New J. Phys. 8, 188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Lucas, B. C. Keitch, J. P. Home, G. Imreh, M. J. McDonnell, D. N. Stacey, D. J. Szwer, and A. M. Steane, “A long-lived memory qubit on a low-decoherence quantum bus,” arXiv 0710.4421 (2007).

McKay, D. C.

D. C. McKay, D. Jervis, D. J. Fine, J. W. Simpson-Porco, G. J. A. Edge, and J. H. Thywissen, Phys. Rev. A 84, 063420 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Miyajima, T.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Oki, T.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ozeri, R.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reichle, R.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roos, C. F.

J. Benhelm, G. Kirchmair, C. F. Roos, and R. Blatt, Phys. Rev. A 77, 062306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seidelin, S.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Simpson-Porco, J. W.

D. C. McKay, D. Jervis, D. J. Fine, J. W. Simpson-Porco, G. J. A. Edge, and J. H. Thywissen, Phys. Rev. A 84, 063420 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stacey, D. N.

J. P. Home, M. J. McDonnell, D. M. Lucas, G. Imreh, B. C. Keitch, D. J. Szwer, N. R. Thomas, S. C. Webster, D. N. Stacey, and A. M. Steane, New J. Phys. 8, 188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Lucas, B. C. Keitch, J. P. Home, G. Imreh, M. J. McDonnell, D. N. Stacey, D. J. Szwer, and A. M. Steane, “A long-lived memory qubit on a low-decoherence quantum bus,” arXiv 0710.4421 (2007).

Steane, A. M.

J. P. Home, M. J. McDonnell, D. M. Lucas, G. Imreh, B. C. Keitch, D. J. Szwer, N. R. Thomas, S. C. Webster, D. N. Stacey, and A. M. Steane, New J. Phys. 8, 188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Lucas, B. C. Keitch, J. P. Home, G. Imreh, M. J. McDonnell, D. N. Stacey, D. J. Szwer, and A. M. Steane, “A long-lived memory qubit on a low-decoherence quantum bus,” arXiv 0710.4421 (2007).

Szwer, D. J.

J. P. Home, M. J. McDonnell, D. M. Lucas, G. Imreh, B. C. Keitch, D. J. Szwer, N. R. Thomas, S. C. Webster, D. N. Stacey, and A. M. Steane, New J. Phys. 8, 188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Lucas, B. C. Keitch, J. P. Home, G. Imreh, M. J. McDonnell, D. N. Stacey, D. J. Szwer, and A. M. Steane, “A long-lived memory qubit on a low-decoherence quantum bus,” arXiv 0710.4421 (2007).

Takahashi, Y.

K. Komori, Y. Takasu, M. Kumakura, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5059 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takasu, Y.

K. Komori, Y. Takasu, M. Kumakura, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5059 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, N. R.

J. P. Home, M. J. McDonnell, D. M. Lucas, G. Imreh, B. C. Keitch, D. J. Szwer, N. R. Thomas, S. C. Webster, D. N. Stacey, and A. M. Steane, New J. Phys. 8, 188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thywissen, J. H.

D. C. McKay, D. Jervis, D. J. Fine, J. W. Simpson-Porco, G. J. A. Edge, and J. H. Thywissen, Phys. Rev. A 84, 063420 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, H.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Webster, S. C.

J. P. Home, M. J. McDonnell, D. M. Lucas, G. Imreh, B. C. Keitch, D. J. Szwer, N. R. Thomas, S. C. Webster, D. N. Stacey, and A. M. Steane, New J. Phys. 8, 188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Werth, G.

F. Arbes, M. Benzing, T. Gudjons, F. Kurth, and G. Werth, Z. Phys. D 31, 27 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wesenberg, J. H.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wineland, D. J.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yabuzaki, T.

K. Komori, Y. Takasu, M. Kumakura, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5059 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, H.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Komori, Y. Takasu, M. Kumakura, Y. Takahashi, and T. Yabuzaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5059 (2003).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

J. P. Home, M. J. McDonnell, D. M. Lucas, G. Imreh, B. C. Keitch, D. J. Szwer, N. R. Thomas, S. C. Webster, D. N. Stacey, and A. M. Steane, New J. Phys. 8, 188 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

I. Hirano and N. Ito, Opt. Laser Technol. 37, 81 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 75, 042329 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. C. McKay, D. Jervis, D. J. Fine, J. W. Simpson-Porco, G. J. A. Edge, and J. H. Thywissen, Phys. Rev. A 84, 063420 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Benhelm, G. Kirchmair, C. F. Roos, and R. Blatt, Phys. Rev. A 77, 062306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta A (1)

S. M. Angel, M. Carrabba, and T. F. Cooney, Spectrochim. Acta A 51, 1779 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys. D (1)

F. Arbes, M. Benzing, T. Gudjons, F. Kurth, and G. Werth, Z. Phys. D 31, 27 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

D. M. Lucas, B. C. Keitch, J. P. Home, G. Imreh, M. J. McDonnell, D. N. Stacey, D. J. Szwer, and A. M. Steane, “A long-lived memory qubit on a low-decoherence quantum bus,” arXiv 0710.4421 (2007).

T. Körber, Quantum Optics and Spectroscopy, University of Innsbruck, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Technikerstrasse 25/4, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria (personal communication, 2004).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Width (FWHM) of the beat signal from two similar ECDLs. The signal was observed on a spectrum analyzer with a sweep time of 10 ms. The width was found by fitting a Lorentzian to the signal. This was repeated for different laser powers, where both lasers were kept running within 0.2 mW of each other. Each point is a mean of 10 readings with a 1σ error bar. The lasers were monitored for single-mode behavior, and their absolute frequencies were monitored on a wavemeter and kept about 3 GHz apart.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup showing the path of the injection light via the Faraday isolators. Half-wave plates (HWP) and polarization beam-splitting cubes (PBS) were used to control power levels in each injection beam. Diagnostics (wavemeter and OSA) are not shown.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Regions of stable injection in a laser diode while injection locked to 500 μW of power from an ECDL. Power is measured after the isolator. The lines are linear fits to the data points for each mode. Stable injection is possible anywhere along each line but not in regions between the lines. Each point was taken by allowing the slave temperature to settle and then adjusting the current to obtain stable, single-mode operation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental setup showing the path of the injection light via an AOM running at 1.6 GHz. The AOM is double-passed using a recollimating lens, a quarter-waveplate (QWP), and a mirror.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Beat signal from two slave lasers both injection locked to the same ECDL running at 397 nm. The center frequency is 3,223,997,775 Hz, and the FWHM is 9.4 Hz. Video and resolution bandwidth were set to 10 Hz.

Metrics