Abstract

We demonstrate highly efficient terahertz (THz) generation by optical rectification (OR) of near-optimum pump pulses centered at 1.03 μm in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate. Using a close to optimal pulse duration of 680 fs and a pump energy of 1.2 mJ, we report conversion efficiencies above 3.8±0.4%, which is more than an order of magnitude higher than previously reported. The results confirm the advantage of using cryogenic cooling of the lithium niobate crystal that significantly reduces the THz absorption, enabling the scaling of THz pulse energies to the millijoule level via OR.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

2011 (4)

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, M. C. Hoffmann, and J. Hebling, Opt. Express 19, 15090 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Dienst, M. C. Hoffmann, D. Fausti, J. C. Petersen, S. Pyon, T. Takayama, H. Takagi, and A. Cavalleri, Nat. Photonics 5, 485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann and J. A. Fülöp, J. Phys. D 44, 083001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Xianbin, L. Yunfeng, M. Lijuan, Y. Ke, and S. Wei, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 276, 012226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2008 (4)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

L. Palfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Almási, G.

Balogh, E.

E. Balogh, K. Kovács, J. A. Fülöp, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, J. Hebling, V. Tosa, and K. Varjú, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)/Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CG_P2.

Bandulet, H.

Bartal, B.

Blanchard, F.

Cavalleri, A.

A. Dienst, M. C. Hoffmann, D. Fausti, J. C. Petersen, S. Pyon, T. Takayama, H. Takagi, and A. Cavalleri, Nat. Photonics 5, 485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dienst, A.

A. Dienst, M. C. Hoffmann, D. Fausti, J. C. Petersen, S. Pyon, T. Takayama, H. Takagi, and A. Cavalleri, Nat. Photonics 5, 485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dombi, P.

E. Balogh, K. Kovács, J. A. Fülöp, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, J. Hebling, V. Tosa, and K. Varjú, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)/Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CG_P2.

Fan, T. Y.

Farkas, G.

E. Balogh, K. Kovács, J. A. Fülöp, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, J. Hebling, V. Tosa, and K. Varjú, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)/Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CG_P2.

Fausti, D.

A. Dienst, M. C. Hoffmann, D. Fausti, J. C. Petersen, S. Pyon, T. Takayama, H. Takagi, and A. Cavalleri, Nat. Photonics 5, 485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fülöp, J. A.

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, S. Klingebiel, G. Almási, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, Opt. Lett. 37, 557 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann and J. A. Fülöp, J. Phys. D 44, 083001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, M. C. Hoffmann, and J. Hebling, Opt. Express 19, 15090 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, Opt. Express 18, 12311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Balogh, K. Kovács, J. A. Fülöp, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, J. Hebling, V. Tosa, and K. Varjú, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)/Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CG_P2.

Gopinath, J.

Haugen, H.

Hebling, J.

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, S. Klingebiel, G. Almási, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, Opt. Lett. 37, 557 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, M. C. Hoffmann, and J. Hebling, Opt. Express 19, 15090 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, Opt. Express 18, 12311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, K. Yeh, M. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. Nelson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, B6 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Palfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Balogh, K. Kovács, J. A. Fülöp, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, J. Hebling, V. Tosa, and K. Varjú, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)/Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CG_P2.

Hegmann, F.

Hirori, H.

H. Hirori, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, Phys. Rev. B 81, 081305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, M.

Hoffmann, M. C.

A. Dienst, M. C. Hoffmann, D. Fausti, J. C. Petersen, S. Pyon, T. Takayama, H. Takagi, and A. Cavalleri, Nat. Photonics 5, 485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann and J. A. Fülöp, J. Phys. D 44, 083001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, M. C. Hoffmann, and J. Hebling, Opt. Express 19, 15090 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hong, K. H.

Huber, R.

Hybl, J.

Ilday, F. O.

Ito, H.

Jewariya, M.

Karsch, S.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kawase, K.

Ke, Y.

Z. Xianbin, L. Yunfeng, M. Lijuan, Y. Ke, and S. Wei, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 276, 012226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kieffer, J.

Klingebiel, S.

Kovács, K.

E. Balogh, K. Kovács, J. A. Fülöp, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, J. Hebling, V. Tosa, and K. Varjú, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)/Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CG_P2.

Krausz, F.

Kuhl, J.

L. Palfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leitenstorfer, A.

Lijuan, M.

Z. Xianbin, L. Yunfeng, M. Lijuan, Y. Ke, and S. Wei, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 276, 012226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

Moses, J.

Nagai, M.

H. Hirori, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, Phys. Rev. B 81, 081305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, A101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K.

Nelson, K. A.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, T.

Palfalvi, L.

L. Palfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pálfalvi, L.

Peter, A.

L. Palfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, J. C.

A. Dienst, M. C. Hoffmann, D. Fausti, J. C. Petersen, S. Pyon, T. Takayama, H. Takagi, and A. Cavalleri, Nat. Photonics 5, 485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Polgar, K.

L. Palfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pyon, S.

A. Dienst, M. C. Hoffmann, D. Fausti, J. C. Petersen, S. Pyon, T. Takayama, H. Takagi, and A. Cavalleri, Nat. Photonics 5, 485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Razzari, L.

Reid, M.

Sato, M.

Sell, A.

Sharma, G.

Shikata, J.

Siddiqui, A.

Stepanov, A. G.

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takagi, H.

A. Dienst, M. C. Hoffmann, D. Fausti, J. C. Petersen, S. Pyon, T. Takayama, H. Takagi, and A. Cavalleri, Nat. Photonics 5, 485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Takayama, T.

A. Dienst, M. C. Hoffmann, D. Fausti, J. C. Petersen, S. Pyon, T. Takayama, H. Takagi, and A. Cavalleri, Nat. Photonics 5, 485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

H. Hirori, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, Phys. Rev. B 81, 081305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, A101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Taniuchi, T.

Tiedje, H.

Tosa, V.

E. Balogh, K. Kovács, J. A. Fülöp, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, J. Hebling, V. Tosa, and K. Varjú, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)/Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CG_P2.

Varjú, K.

E. Balogh, K. Kovács, J. A. Fülöp, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, J. Hebling, V. Tosa, and K. Varjú, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)/Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CG_P2.

Vodopyanov, K.

Wei, S.

Z. Xianbin, L. Yunfeng, M. Lijuan, Y. Ke, and S. Wei, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 276, 012226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xianbin, Z.

Z. Xianbin, L. Yunfeng, M. Lijuan, Y. Ke, and S. Wei, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 276, 012226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, K.

Yeh, K.-L.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yunfeng, L.

Z. Xianbin, L. Yunfeng, M. Lijuan, Y. Ke, and S. Wei, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 276, 012226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. G. Stepanov, J. Hebling, and J. Kuhl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3000 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, and K. A. Nelson, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 345 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. Palfalvi, J. Hebling, J. Kuhl, A. Peter, and K. Polgar, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. D (1)

M. C. Hoffmann and J. A. Fülöp, J. Phys. D 44, 083001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. (1)

Z. Xianbin, L. Yunfeng, M. Lijuan, Y. Ke, and S. Wei, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 276, 012226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. Dienst, M. C. Hoffmann, D. Fausti, J. C. Petersen, S. Pyon, T. Takayama, H. Takagi, and A. Cavalleri, Nat. Photonics 5, 485 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Hirori, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, Phys. Rev. B 81, 081305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. Balogh, K. Kovács, J. A. Fülöp, P. Dombi, G. Farkas, J. Hebling, V. Tosa, and K. Varjú, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)/Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC), OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CG_P2.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for THz generation. L1, bestform lens with f=20cm; L2, cylindrical lens with f=15cm; HWP, half-wave plate at 1030 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured and calculated THz energy versus pump energy at room temperature from cLN.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectral broadening of the IR beam after THz generation depending on conversion efficiency.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Efficiency enhancement versus temperature at a fixed pump energy of 1.2 mJ.

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