Abstract

We demonstrate long-term size stabilization of surface-supported liquid aerosols of salt-water. Single tapered optical fibers were used to couple the light from independent heating and probe lasers into individual microdroplets that were kept on a superhydrophobic surface in a high-humidity chamber. Size stabilization of microdroplets resulted from competition between resonant absorption of the infrared heating laser by a microdroplet whispering gallery mode and water condensation in the sample chamber. Microdroplet size was continuously monitored using the tunable red probe laser. Thanks to the narrow linewidth of the heating laser, stabilization of the 110 μm radius of a microdroplet with a precision down to 0.54 nm was achieved for a period of 410 s.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. P. Reid and L. Mitchem, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 57, 245 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. McGloin, D. R. Burnham, M. D. Summers, D. Rudd, N. Dewar, and S. Anand, Faraday Discuss. 137, 335 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, Science 187, 1073 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Arnold, and L. M. Folan, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2250 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Azzouz, L. Alkhafadiji, S. Balslev, J. Johansson, N. A. Mortensen, S. Nilsson, and A. Kristensen, Opt. Express 14, 4374 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, and A. L. Demirel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081118 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, M. Y. Yüce, and A. L. Demirel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1824 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 7145 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Guillon, R. E. H. Miles, J. P. Reid, and D. McGloin, New J. Phys. 11, 103041 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Jonáš, Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 3240 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. C. Knight, G. Cheung, F. Jacques, and T. A. Birks, Opt. Lett. 22, 1129 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Carmon, L. Yang, and K. J. Vahala, Opt. Express 12, 4742 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2009 (2)

Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 7145 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Guillon, R. E. H. Miles, J. P. Reid, and D. McGloin, New J. Phys. 11, 103041 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

D. McGloin, D. R. Burnham, M. D. Summers, D. Rudd, N. Dewar, and S. Anand, Faraday Discuss. 137, 335 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, M. Y. Yüce, and A. L. Demirel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1824 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, and A. L. Demirel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Azzouz, L. Alkhafadiji, S. Balslev, J. Johansson, N. A. Mortensen, S. Nilsson, and A. Kristensen, Opt. Express 14, 4374 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Reid and L. Mitchem, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 57, 245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Carmon, L. Yang, and K. J. Vahala, Opt. Express 12, 4742 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1986 (1)

S. Arnold, and L. M. Folan, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2250 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, Science 187, 1073 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Alkhafadiji, L.

Anand, S.

D. McGloin, D. R. Burnham, M. D. Summers, D. Rudd, N. Dewar, and S. Anand, Faraday Discuss. 137, 335 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arcizet, O.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, S.

S. Arnold, and L. M. Folan, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2250 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, Science 187, 1073 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Azzouz, H.

Balslev, S.

Birks, T. A.

Burnham, D. R.

D. McGloin, D. R. Burnham, M. D. Summers, D. Rudd, N. Dewar, and S. Anand, Faraday Discuss. 137, 335 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carmon, T.

Cheung, G.

Del’Haye, P.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Demirel, A. L.

A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, M. Y. Yüce, and A. L. Demirel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1824 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, and A. L. Demirel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dewar, N.

D. McGloin, D. R. Burnham, M. D. Summers, D. Rudd, N. Dewar, and S. Anand, Faraday Discuss. 137, 335 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dündar, M. A.

A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, M. Y. Yüce, and A. L. Demirel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1824 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, and A. L. Demirel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, Science 187, 1073 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Folan, L. M.

S. Arnold, and L. M. Folan, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2250 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Guillon, M.

M. Guillon, R. E. H. Miles, J. P. Reid, and D. McGloin, New J. Phys. 11, 103041 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, R. J.

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jacques, F.

Johansson, J.

Jonáš, A.

Karadag, Y.

A. Jonáš, Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 3240 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 7145 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kippenberg, T. J.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kiraz, A.

A. Jonáš, Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 3240 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 7145 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, M. Y. Yüce, and A. L. Demirel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1824 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, and A. L. Demirel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Kristensen, A.

Kurt, A.

A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, M. Y. Yüce, and A. L. Demirel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1824 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, and A. L. Demirel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McGloin, D.

M. Guillon, R. E. H. Miles, J. P. Reid, and D. McGloin, New J. Phys. 11, 103041 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. McGloin, D. R. Burnham, M. D. Summers, D. Rudd, N. Dewar, and S. Anand, Faraday Discuss. 137, 335 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mestre, M.

A. Jonáš, Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 3240 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 7145 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miles, R. E. H.

M. Guillon, R. E. H. Miles, J. P. Reid, and D. McGloin, New J. Phys. 11, 103041 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mitchem, L.

J. P. Reid and L. Mitchem, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 57, 245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mortensen, N. A.

Nilsson, S.

Reid, J. P.

M. Guillon, R. E. H. Miles, J. P. Reid, and D. McGloin, New J. Phys. 11, 103041 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Reid and L. Mitchem, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 57, 245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rudd, D.

D. McGloin, D. R. Burnham, M. D. Summers, D. Rudd, N. Dewar, and S. Anand, Faraday Discuss. 137, 335 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schliesser, A.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Summers, M. D.

D. McGloin, D. R. Burnham, M. D. Summers, D. Rudd, N. Dewar, and S. Anand, Faraday Discuss. 137, 335 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

Ward, A. D.

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wilken, T.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

Yüce, M. Y.

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

J. P. Reid and L. Mitchem, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 57, 245 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Kiraz, A. Kurt, M. A. Dündar, and A. L. Demirel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Faraday Discuss. (1)

D. McGloin, D. R. Burnham, M. D. Summers, D. Rudd, N. Dewar, and S. Anand, Faraday Discuss. 137, 335 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nature (1)

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, Nature 450, 1214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

M. Guillon, R. E. H. Miles, J. P. Reid, and D. McGloin, New J. Phys. 11, 103041 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2)

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Karadag, M. Mestre, and A. Kiraz, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 7145 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. Arnold, and L. M. Folan, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 2250 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, Science 187, 1073 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) 2D plot of consecutive WGM spectra of a droplet stabilized by IR laser heating. At time t=410s, the heating laser was blocked during 10 spectral acquisitions and then unblocked again, resulting in a change of the stabilized droplet size. (b) Details of the droplet WGM spectra along the dash–dotted and dashed lines shown in (a). Mean droplet radius was 110 μm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) High-resolution WGM spectrum of size-locked microdroplet with 110 μm radius. (b) Time trace of the taper transmission at a fixed wavelength of the probe laser denoted by the arrow in (a). Gray stripes indicate time intervals during which the heating laser was blocked.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) High-resolution WGM spectrum of a size-locked microdroplet with 160 μm radius. (b) Time trace of the taper transmission at a fixed wavelength of the probe laser denoted by the arrow in (a). Gray stripes indicate time intervals during which the heating laser was blocked. (c) Detail of the time trace shown in (b).

Metrics