Abstract

We report on an experiment in which orbital angular momentum (OAM) of light is mapped at the single-photon level into and out of a cold atomic ensemble. Based on the dynamic electromagnetically induced transparency protocol, the demonstrated optical memory enables the reversible mapping of Laguerre–Gaussian modes with preserved handedness of the helical phase structure. The demonstrated capability opens the possibility to the storage of qubits encoded as superpositions of OAM states and to multidimensional light matter interfacing.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2003).
  2. J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Twisted Photons: Applications of Light with Orbital Angular Momentum (Wiley-VCH, 2011).
  3. J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257901 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. J. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. M. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, Opt. Express 12, 5448 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Groeblacher, T. Jannewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, New J. Phys. 8, 75 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, Nat. Phys. 7, 677 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, Science 338, 640 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. J. Kimble, Nature 453, 1023 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Pugatch, M. Shuker, O. Firstenberg, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203601 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Moretti, D. Felinto, and J. W. R. Tabosa, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023825 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. D. Lukin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 3, 706 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. C. G. Berkhout, M. P. J. Lavery, J. Courtial, M. W. Beijersbergen, and M. J. Padgett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153601 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, J. Opt. B 4, S47 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, G. C. G. Berkhout, G. D. Love, M. J. Padgett, and J. Courtial, Opt. Express 20, 2110 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, Science 338, 640 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, G. C. G. Berkhout, G. D. Love, M. J. Padgett, and J. Courtial, Opt. Express 20, 2110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, Nat. Phys. 7, 677 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

G. C. G. Berkhout, M. P. J. Lavery, J. Courtial, M. W. Beijersbergen, and M. J. Padgett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 3, 706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Moretti, D. Felinto, and J. W. R. Tabosa, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023825 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

H. J. Kimble, Nature 453, 1023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Pugatch, M. Shuker, O. Firstenberg, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

S. Groeblacher, T. Jannewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, New J. Phys. 8, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

M. D. Lukin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, J. Opt. B 4, S47 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2003).

Andersson, E.

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, Nat. Phys. 7, 677 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barnett, S. M.

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. J. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. M. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, Opt. Express 12, 5448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2003).

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

G. C. G. Berkhout, M. P. J. Lavery, J. Courtial, M. W. Beijersbergen, and M. J. Padgett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berkhout, G. C. G.

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, G. C. G. Berkhout, G. D. Love, M. J. Padgett, and J. Courtial, Opt. Express 20, 2110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. C. G. Berkhout, M. P. J. Lavery, J. Courtial, M. W. Beijersbergen, and M. J. Padgett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Buller, G. S.

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, Nat. Phys. 7, 677 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Courtial, J.

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, G. C. G. Berkhout, G. D. Love, M. J. Padgett, and J. Courtial, Opt. Express 20, 2110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. C. G. Berkhout, M. P. J. Lavery, J. Courtial, M. W. Beijersbergen, and M. J. Padgett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. J. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. M. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, Opt. Express 12, 5448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dada, A. C.

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, Nat. Phys. 7, 677 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, N.

R. Pugatch, M. Shuker, O. Firstenberg, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Felinto, D.

D. Moretti, D. Felinto, and J. W. R. Tabosa, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023825 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fickler, R.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, Science 338, 640 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Firstenberg, O.

R. Pugatch, M. Shuker, O. Firstenberg, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Franke-Arnold, S.

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. J. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. M. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, Opt. Express 12, 5448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, G.

Groeblacher, S.

S. Groeblacher, T. Jannewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, New J. Phys. 8, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, R.

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jannewein, T.

S. Groeblacher, T. Jannewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, New J. Phys. 8, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kanai, N.

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

H. J. Kimble, Nature 453, 1023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koashi, M.

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kozuma, M.

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, M.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, Science 338, 640 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lapkiewicz, R.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, Science 338, 640 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lavery, M. P. J.

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, G. C. G. Berkhout, G. D. Love, M. J. Padgett, and J. Courtial, Opt. Express 20, 2110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. C. G. Berkhout, M. P. J. Lavery, J. Courtial, M. W. Beijersbergen, and M. J. Padgett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leach, J.

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, Nat. Phys. 7, 677 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Love, G. D.

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Lukin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lvovsky, A. I.

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 3, 706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mair, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, Y.

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Molina-Terriza, G.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moretti, D.

D. Moretti, D. Felinto, and J. W. R. Tabosa, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023825 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M. J.

M. P. J. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, G. C. G. Berkhout, G. D. Love, M. J. Padgett, and J. Courtial, Opt. Express 20, 2110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, Nat. Phys. 7, 677 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. C. G. Berkhout, M. P. J. Lavery, J. Courtial, M. W. Beijersbergen, and M. J. Padgett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. J. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. M. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, Opt. Express 12, 5448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2003).

Pas’ko, V.

Plick, W. N.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, Science 338, 640 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pugatch, R.

R. Pugatch, M. Shuker, O. Firstenberg, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ramelow, S.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, Science 338, 640 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, D. J.

Ron, A.

R. Pugatch, M. Shuker, O. Firstenberg, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, B. C.

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 3, 706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schaeff, C.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, Science 338, 640 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shuker, M.

R. Pugatch, M. Shuker, O. Firstenberg, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tabosa, J. W. R.

D. Moretti, D. Felinto, and J. W. R. Tabosa, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023825 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 3, 706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Torner, L.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Twisted Photons: Applications of Light with Orbital Angular Momentum (Wiley-VCH, 2011).

Torres, J. P.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Twisted Photons: Applications of Light with Orbital Angular Momentum (Wiley-VCH, 2011).

Vasnetsov, M.

Vaziri, A.

S. Groeblacher, T. Jannewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, New J. Phys. 8, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, J. Opt. B 4, S47 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weihs, G.

S. Groeblacher, T. Jannewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, New J. Phys. 8, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, J. Opt. B 4, S47 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yonehara, T.

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, Science 338, 640 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Groeblacher, T. Jannewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, New J. Phys. 8, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, J. Opt. B 4, S47 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B (1)

A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, J. Opt. B 4, S47 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, Nat. Photonics 3, 706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (2)

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Nat. Phys. 3, 305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, Nat. Phys. 7, 677 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

H. J. Kimble, Nature 453, 1023 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

S. Groeblacher, T. Jannewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, New J. Phys. 8, 75 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

D. Moretti, D. Felinto, and J. W. R. Tabosa, Phys. Rev. A 79, 023825 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Inoue, N. Kanai, T. Yonehara, Y. Miyamoto, M. Koashi, and M. Kozuma, Phys. Rev. A 74, 053809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

R. Pugatch, M. Shuker, O. Firstenberg, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203601 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. C. G. Berkhout, M. P. J. Lavery, J. Courtial, M. W. Beijersbergen, and M. J. Padgett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153601 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 257901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

M. D. Lukin, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 457 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, Science 338, 640 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

L. Allen, S. M. Barnett, and M. J. Padgett, Optical Angular Momentum (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2003).

J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, Twisted Photons: Applications of Light with Orbital Angular Momentum (Wiley-VCH, 2011).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Experimental setup. A signal pulse consisting of a weak coherent state at the single-photon level is orbitally shaped by reflection on a spatial light modulator (SLM) and then mapped into an ensemble of cold cesium atoms. After a user-defined delay, the collective atomic excitation is read out. The retrieved light is analyzed via splitting on a 50/50 beam splitter and an OAM mode projection on each path. This projection results from an OAM addition (for the l=1 path) or subtraction (for the l=+1 path) through blazed fork holograms and a subsequent coupling into single-mode fibers. The coupled light is detected by APD. (b) Relevant energy diagram.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Storage and retrieval of LG+1, LG1, and TEM10 modes at the single-photon level. For the two simultaneous detection paths, the number of counts is represented as a function of time. Light red lines represent the incoming signal pulses recorded without atoms and dark blue lines correspond to memory measurements. The events around the incoming pulses show the leakage of the signal while the later events correspond to the readout. The dotted line in the first plot shows the timing of the control pulse. Each curve results from 5·105 repetitions of the experiment.

Metrics