Abstract

We demonstrate the inscription of a 266 nm UV femtosecond pulse-induced fiber Bragg grating (FBG) in an Yb-doped fiber during optical pumping at 976 nm and the initiation of lasing with increasing grating reflectivity. Output spectra show the emission of the pumped fiber changing from the broad-ranged amplified spontaneous emission in the nonlasing case to the narrow-range laser operation due to the enhancement of FBG reflectivity during inscription. The proposed technique enables the direct characterization and control of FBG performance in fiber lasers. After FBG fabrication, we investigate the spectral characteristics of the fiber laser for different laser powers and study the influence of a thermal treatment of the FBG.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

M. Becker, S. Brückner, M. Leich, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 284, 5770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

2008

2007

N. Jovanovic, A. Fuerbach, G. D. Marshall, M. J. Withford, and S. D. Jackson, Opt. Lett. 32, 1486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Kukushkin, M. G. Shlyagin, P. L. Swart, A. A. Chtcherbakov, and A. V. Osipov, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 053502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2399 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Wikszak, J. Thomas, J. Burghoff, B. Ortaç, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, U. Fuchs, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 31, 2390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

S. Pissadakis and L. Reekie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 0066101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1997

J. Canning, A. Carter, and M. Sceats, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1348 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, W. Loh, J. Caplen, J. Minelly, K. Hsu, and L. Reekie, Opt. Lett. 22, 694 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

1993

W. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Archambault, J.-L.

Aslund, M. L.

Bartelt, H.

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Becker, S. Brückner, M. Leich, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 284, 5770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J.

W. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Becker, M.

M. Becker, S. Brückner, M. Leich, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 284, 5770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bernage, P.

W. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bernier, M.

Brückner, S.

M. Becker, S. Brückner, M. Leich, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 284, 5770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Burghoff, J.

Canning, J.

Caplen, J.

Carter, A.

J. Canning, A. Carter, and M. Sceats, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1348 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chtcherbakov, A. A.

S. A. Kukushkin, M. G. Shlyagin, P. L. Swart, A. A. Chtcherbakov, and A. V. Osipov, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 053502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Desrosiers, C.

Dong, L.

Douay, M.

W. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Engholm, M.

Fiebrandt, J.

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, U.

Fuerbach, A.

Georges, T.

W. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Grimm, S.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2399 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Groothoff, N.

Honkanen, S.

Hsu, K.

Jackson, S. D.

Jauregui, C.

F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, C. Voigtländer, J. U. Thomas, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Proc. SPIE 7580, 75801K (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jetschke, S.

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Becker, S. Brückner, M. Leich, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 284, 5770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, N.

Kirchhof, J.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2399 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kringlebotn, J. T.

Kukushkin, S. A.

S. A. Kukushkin, M. G. Shlyagin, P. L. Swart, A. A. Chtcherbakov, and A. V. Osipov, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 053502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leich, M.

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Becker, S. Brückner, M. Leich, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 284, 5770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Lindner, E.

M. Becker, S. Brückner, M. Leich, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 284, 5770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W.

Marshall, G. D.

Minelly, J.

Monerie, M.

W. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Montiel i Ponsoda, J. J.

Morasse, B.

Niay, P.

W. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Nolte, S.

F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, C. Voigtländer, J. U. Thomas, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Proc. SPIE 7580, 75801K (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Wikszak, J. Thomas, J. Burghoff, B. Ortaç, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, U. Fuchs, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 31, 2390 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Norin, L.

Ortaç, B.

Osipov, A. V.

S. A. Kukushkin, M. G. Shlyagin, P. L. Swart, A. A. Chtcherbakov, and A. V. Osipov, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 053502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

Pissadakis, S.

S. Pissadakis and L. Reekie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 0066101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poumellec, B.

W. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

Reichel, V.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2399 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Rothhardt, M.

M. Becker, S. Brückner, M. Leich, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 284, 5770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Saliminia, A.

Sceats, M.

J. Canning, A. Carter, and M. Sceats, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1348 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

Schwuchow, A.

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2399 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Y.

Shlyagin, M. G.

S. A. Kukushkin, M. G. Shlyagin, P. L. Swart, A. A. Chtcherbakov, and A. V. Osipov, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 053502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stutzki, F.

F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, C. Voigtländer, J. U. Thomas, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Proc. SPIE 7580, 75801K (2010).
[CrossRef]

Swart, P. L.

S. A. Kukushkin, M. G. Shlyagin, P. L. Swart, A. A. Chtcherbakov, and A. V. Osipov, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 053502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tervonen, A.

Thomas, J.

Thomas, J. U.

F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, C. Voigtländer, J. U. Thomas, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Proc. SPIE 7580, 75801K (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Unger, S.

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Becker, S. Brückner, M. Leich, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 284, 5770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2399 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vallée, R.

Voigtländer, C.

F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, C. Voigtländer, J. U. Thomas, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Proc. SPIE 7580, 75801K (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wikszak, E.

Withford, M. J.

Xie, W.

W. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ye, C.

Appl. Opt.

J. Appl. Phys.

S. A. Kukushkin, M. G. Shlyagin, P. L. Swart, A. A. Chtcherbakov, and A. V. Osipov, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 053502 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Canning, A. Carter, and M. Sceats, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1348 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Grimm, and V. Reichel, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 2399 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

M. Becker, S. Brückner, M. Leich, E. Lindner, M. Rothhardt, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 284, 5770 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Xie, P. Niay, P. Bernage, M. Douay, J. Bayon, T. Georges, M. Monerie, and B. Poumellec, Opt. Commun. 104, 185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Leich, J. Fiebrandt, A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H. Bartelt, Opt. Commun. 285, 4387 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, C. Voigtländer, J. U. Thomas, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Proc. SPIE 7580, 75801K (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

S. Pissadakis and L. Reekie, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 0066101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

RP Fiber Power, V 3, RP Photonics Consulting GmbH.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for in situ analysis of FBG inscription in a pumped Yb-doped fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Temporal evolution of peak intensity and wavelength during FBG inscription.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Temporal evolution of emission spectra at the FBG end and pump end (inset) during FBG inscription.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Emission spectra after FBG inscription for different pump powers (before and after thermal annealing).

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