Abstract

We demonstrate ultralong-range swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging using vertical cavity surface emitting laser technology. The ability to adjust laser parameters and high-speed acquisition enables imaging ranges from a few centimeters up to meters using the same instrument. We discuss the challenges of long-range OCT imaging. In vivo human-eye imaging and optical component characterization are presented. The precision and accuracy of OCT-based measurements are assessed and are important for ocular biometry and reproducible intraocular distance measurement before cataract surgery. Additionally, meter-range measurement of fiber length and multicentimeter-range imaging are reported. 3D visualization supports a class of industrial imaging applications of OCT.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

V. Jayaraman, G. D. Cole, M. Robertson, C. Burgner, D. John, A. Uddin, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 48, 1331 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Grulkowski, J. J. Liu, B. Potsaid, V. Jayaraman, C. D. Lu, J. Jiang, A. E. Cable, J. S. Duker, and J. G. Fujimoto, Biomed. Opt. Express 3, 2733 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

2008

1991

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988

1981

W. Eickhoff and R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 693 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. J.

Barry, S.

Baumann, B.

Becker, S.

Burgner, C.

V. Jayaraman, G. D. Cole, M. Robertson, C. Burgner, D. John, A. Uddin, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 48, 1331 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cable, A.

V. Jayaraman, G. D. Cole, M. Robertson, C. Burgner, D. John, A. Uddin, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 48, 1331 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cable, A. E.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cole, G. D.

V. Jayaraman, G. D. Cole, M. Robertson, C. Burgner, D. John, A. Uddin, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 48, 1331 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Duker, J. S.

Eastwood, P. R.

Eickhoff, W.

W. Eickhoff and R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 693 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Fercher, A. F.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Grulkowski, I.

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hillman, D. R.

Huang, D.

B. Potsaid, B. Baumann, D. Huang, S. Barry, A. E. Cable, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Express 18, 20029 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jayaraman, V.

V. Jayaraman, G. D. Cole, M. Robertson, C. Burgner, D. John, A. Uddin, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 48, 1331 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Grulkowski, J. J. Liu, B. Potsaid, V. Jayaraman, C. D. Lu, J. Jiang, A. E. Cable, J. S. Duker, and J. G. Fujimoto, Biomed. Opt. Express 3, 2733 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J.

John, D.

V. Jayaraman, G. D. Cole, M. Robertson, C. Burgner, D. John, A. Uddin, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 48, 1331 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. J.

Lu, C. D.

McLaughlin, R. A.

Mengedoht, K.

Phillips, M. J.

Potsaid, B.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, M.

V. Jayaraman, G. D. Cole, M. Robertson, C. Burgner, D. John, A. Uddin, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 48, 1331 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sampson, D. D.

Schuman, J. S.

B. Potsaid, B. Baumann, D. Huang, S. Barry, A. E. Cable, J. S. Schuman, J. S. Duker, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Express 18, 20029 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Uddin, A.

V. Jayaraman, G. D. Cole, M. Robertson, C. Burgner, D. John, A. Uddin, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 48, 1331 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ulrich, R.

W. Eickhoff and R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 693 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Werner, W.

Williamson, J. P.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

W. Eickhoff and R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 693 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Biomed. Opt. Express

Electron. Lett.

V. Jayaraman, G. D. Cole, M. Robertson, C. Burgner, D. John, A. Uddin, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 48, 1331 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Science

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, eds., Optical Coherence Tomography: Technology and Applications (Springer-Verlag, 2008).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup. (A) SS-OCT system for long-range imaging. MZI, Mach–Zehnder interferometer; PDB, balanced photodetector; SC, galvanometric scanners. (B) MZI recalibrating signal and (C) example raw OCT signal.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Long-range SS-OCT imaging and quantitative measurement. (A) Cross-sectional image of a cylindrical lens enables measurement of central thickness Th and radius R of the surface curvature. (B) Full eye length imaging enables accurate determination of axial eye length AL (ocular biometry). (C) MZI measurement of optical fiber length L (n=1.4696).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Ultralong depth-range OCT imaging at 25 kHz A-scan rates. (A) Photograph (left) and 3D reconstruction of volumetric OCT data set (right) of the optical post holder. (B) Ammunition imaging in a gelatin phantom. Photographs of the phantom. Renderings of 9 mm bullet (i) and 5.56 mm rifle bullet (ii) and corresponding en-face images showing the rim and primer (bottom). (C) Photograph (top), rendering (middle), and cross-sectional image (bottom) of the white light bulb. The arrows indicate the filament wire.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Imaging Configurations Used in the Study

Tables Icon

Table 2. Precision and Accuracy of Quantitative OCT Measurements

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