Abstract

A slow/fast light device with a sealed size of 130mm×30mm×3mm has been demonstrated. Ultraslow propagation and superluminal propagation with group velocity values from 8.4 to 14.7m/s are observed in a 3.86 cm long Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped single-mode phosphate glass fiber. The dependence of pump power, modulation frequency, and wavelength on the slow/fast light effect in this fiber is investigated in detail. These results suggest that this compact slow/fast device is more suitable for all-fiber applications than those made by traditional methods.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2551 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

K. Qian, L. Zhan, H. G. Li, X. Hu, J. S. Peng, L. Zhang, and Y. X. Xia, Opt. Express 17, 22217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 047806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2006

H. Su and S. L. Chuang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061102(2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, Europhys. Lett. 73, 218 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gehring, A. Schweinsberg, C. Barsi, N. Kostinski, and R. W. Boyd, Science 312, 895 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. Gaeta, Opt. Express 13, 6092 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Dahan and G. Eisenstein, Opt. Express 13, 6234 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Science 301, 200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Antón, M. A.

Baldit, E.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barsi, C.

G. M. Gehring, A. Schweinsberg, C. Barsi, N. Kostinski, and R. W. Boyd, Science 312, 895 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bencheikh, K.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bigelow, M. S.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, Europhys. Lett. 73, 218 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Science 301, 200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

G. M. Gehring, A. Schweinsberg, C. Barsi, N. Kostinski, and R. W. Boyd, Science 312, 895 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, Europhys. Lett. 73, 218 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Science 301, 200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cabrera-Granado, E.

Calderón, O. G.

Caro, C. E.

Carreño, F.

Chang, S. W.

Chuang, S. L.

Dahan, D.

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eisenstein, G.

Feng, Z. M.

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 047806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A.

Gehring, G. M.

G. M. Gehring, A. Schweinsberg, C. Barsi, N. Kostinski, and R. W. Boyd, Science 312, 895 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hasnain, C. J. C.

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

Jarabo, S.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, Europhys. Lett. 73, 218 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z. H.

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, T. Liu, W. N. Zhang, Z. M. Peng, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, Opt. Express 18, 1249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 047806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kostinski, N.

G. M. Gehring, A. Schweinsberg, C. Barsi, N. Kostinski, and R. W. Boyd, Science 312, 895 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ku, P. C.

Lepeshkin, N. N.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, Europhys. Lett. 73, 218 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Science 301, 200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, J. A.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. G.

Li, T.

Liu, T.

Melle, S.

Monnier, P.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Okawachi, Y.

Palinginis, P.

Peng, J. S.

Peng, Z. M.

Qian, K.

Rouget, V.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schweinsberg, A.

G. M. Gehring, A. Schweinsberg, C. Barsi, N. Kostinski, and R. W. Boyd, Science 312, 895 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, Europhys. Lett. 73, 218 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sedgwick, F.

Shahoei, H.

H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2551 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J.

Su, H.

H. Su and S. L. Chuang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061102(2006).
[CrossRef]

Thévenaz, L.

L. Thévenaz, Nat. Photonics 2, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

Xia, Y. X.

Xu, S. H.

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, T. Liu, W. N. Zhang, Z. M. Peng, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, Opt. Express 18, 1249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 047806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W. C.

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 047806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z. M.

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, T. Liu, W. N. Zhang, Z. M. Peng, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, Opt. Express 18, 1249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 047806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J. P.

H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2551 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, L.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Q. Y.

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, T. Liu, W. N. Zhang, Z. M. Peng, Q. Y. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, Opt. Express 18, 1249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 047806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. N.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Su and S. L. Chuang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061102(2006).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett.

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 26, 047806 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett.

A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, Europhys. Lett. 73, 218 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2551 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

L. Thévenaz, Nat. Photonics 2, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

E. Baldit, K. Bencheikh, P. Monnier, J. A. Levenson, and V. Rouget, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 143601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, Science 301, 200 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gehring, A. Schweinsberg, C. Barsi, N. Kostinski, and R. W. Boyd, Science 312, 895 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental schematic. PD1 and PD2, photodetectors; OC, optical coupler; RF, radio frequency supplied by signal generator; WDM, 980nm/1550nm wavelength division multiplex. Graph: view of the EYPF-based slow/fast light device.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Input and output of Gaussian pulse after propagation through a 3.86 cm long EYPF: (a) slow light, pump power Pp=0mW; (b) fast light, pump power Pp=420mW.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Fractional advancement versus modulation frequency for different pump powers in EYPF.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Fractional delay and advancement versus wavelength for different modulation frequency in EYPF; gain characteristics of the EYPF where pump power Pp=400mW, signal input power Pin=1mW, and the fiber length is 3.86 cm. (a) Slow light, pump power Pp=0mW; (b) fast light, pump power Pp=420mW.

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