Abstract

Erbium-doped multi-element fiber (MEF) amplifiers have been fabricated to simultaneously amplify multiple transmission channels. MEF devices comprise of multiple single-core fibers (elements) combined in a common coating, with each element working as a single fiber in isolation. MEFs containing 3-elements and 7-elements have been fabricated and characterized. Each element of the fabricated MEFs provides nearly 32 dB of gain with a noise figure of <5dB for an input signal level of 23dBm at 1530 nm. Different permutations of element pairs within the MEFs were checked for crosstalk and none was detected, confirming the simultaneous multi-channel amplification capabilities of MEFs.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. J. Winzer, IEEE LEOS Newsletter23, 4 (2009).
  2. G. Li and X. Liu, Opt. Express 19, 16754 (2011).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (1)

M. Yamada, K. Tsujikawa, L. Ma, K. Ichii, S. Matsuo, N. Hanzawa, and H. Ono, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24, 21 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2004 (1)

Abe, Y.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Abedin, K. S.

Aiso, K.

Y. Tshuchida, K. Maeda, K. Watanbe, T. Saito, S. Matsumoto, K. Aiso, Y. Mimura, and R. Sugizaki, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu.4F.2.

Alam, S.

S. Alam, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, M. Ibsen, A. B. Grudinin, and A. Chin, in ECOC (2000), paper 5.4.3.

Awaji, Y.

B. J. Puttman, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, J. M. D. Mendinueta, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu3.C.3.

Becker, P. C.

J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, and N. A. Olsson, in Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999), p. 251.

Chin, A.

S. Alam, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, M. Ibsen, A. B. Grudinin, and A. Chin, in ECOC (2000), paper 5.4.3.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Durkin, M.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangements for high power fibre lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent US 6,826,335 B1, (30November, 2004).

Fallahi, M.

Fini, J. M.

Fishteyn, M.

Goto, Y.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Grudinin, A. B.

S. Alam, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, M. Ibsen, A. B. Grudinin, and A. Chin, in ECOC (2000), paper 5.4.3.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangements for high power fibre lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent US 6,826,335 B1, (30November, 2004).

Hanzawa, N.

M. Yamada, K. Tsujikawa, L. Ma, K. Ichii, S. Matsuo, N. Hanzawa, and H. Ono, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24, 21 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

S. Alam, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, M. Ibsen, A. B. Grudinin, and A. Chin, in ECOC (2000), paper 5.4.3.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangements for high power fibre lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent US 6,826,335 B1, (30November, 2004).

Ichii, K.

M. Yamada, K. Tsujikawa, L. Ma, K. Ichii, S. Matsuo, N. Hanzawa, and H. Ono, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24, 21 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ishida, I.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Kanno, A.

B. J. Puttman, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, J. M. D. Mendinueta, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu3.C.3.

Kawakami, H.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Kawanishi, T.

B. J. Puttman, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, J. M. D. Mendinueta, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu3.C.3.

Klaus, W.

B. J. Puttman, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, J. M. D. Mendinueta, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu3.C.3.

Kobayashi, T.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Koshiba, M.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Kosterin, A.

Li, G.

G. Li and X. Liu, Opt. Express 19, 16754 (2011).

Liu, X.

G. Li and X. Liu, Opt. Express 19, 16754 (2011).

Ma, L.

M. Yamada, K. Tsujikawa, L. Ma, K. Ichii, S. Matsuo, N. Hanzawa, and H. Ono, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24, 21 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, K.

Y. Tshuchida, K. Maeda, K. Watanbe, T. Saito, S. Matsumoto, K. Aiso, Y. Mimura, and R. Sugizaki, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu.4F.2.

Matsumoto, S.

Y. Tshuchida, K. Maeda, K. Watanbe, T. Saito, S. Matsumoto, K. Aiso, Y. Mimura, and R. Sugizaki, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu.4F.2.

Matsuo, S.

M. Yamada, K. Tsujikawa, L. Ma, K. Ichii, S. Matsuo, N. Hanzawa, and H. Ono, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24, 21 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Matusi, S.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Matusuura, A.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Mendinueta, J. M. D.

B. J. Puttman, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, J. M. D. Mendinueta, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu3.C.3.

Mimura, Y.

Y. Tshuchida, K. Maeda, K. Watanbe, T. Saito, S. Matsumoto, K. Aiso, Y. Mimura, and R. Sugizaki, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu.4F.2.

Miyamoto, Y.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Monberg, E. M.

Morioka, T.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Nilsson, J.

S. Alam, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, M. Ibsen, A. B. Grudinin, and A. Chin, in ECOC (2000), paper 5.4.3.

Nilsson, J. A.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangements for high power fibre lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent US 6,826,335 B1, (30November, 2004).

Olsson, N. A.

J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, and N. A. Olsson, in Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999), p. 251.

Ono, H.

M. Yamada, K. Tsujikawa, L. Ma, K. Ichii, S. Matsuo, N. Hanzawa, and H. Ono, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24, 21 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Payne, D. N.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangements for high power fibre lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent US 6,826,335 B1, (30November, 2004).

Puttman, B. J.

B. J. Puttman, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, J. M. D. Mendinueta, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu3.C.3.

Saito, T.

Y. Tshuchida, K. Maeda, K. Watanbe, T. Saito, S. Matsumoto, K. Aiso, Y. Mimura, and R. Sugizaki, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu.4F.2.

Saitoh, K.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Sakaguchi, J.

B. J. Puttman, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, J. M. D. Mendinueta, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu3.C.3.

Sano, A.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Sasaki, Y.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Shikama, K.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Simpson, J. R.

J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, and N. A. Olsson, in Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999), p. 251.

Sugizaki, R.

Y. Tshuchida, K. Maeda, K. Watanbe, T. Saito, S. Matsumoto, K. Aiso, Y. Mimura, and R. Sugizaki, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu.4F.2.

Takara, H.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Takenaga, K.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Taunay, T. F.

Temyanko, V.

Tshuchida, Y.

Y. Tshuchida, K. Maeda, K. Watanbe, T. Saito, S. Matsumoto, K. Aiso, Y. Mimura, and R. Sugizaki, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu.4F.2.

Tsujikawa, K.

M. Yamada, K. Tsujikawa, L. Ma, K. Ichii, S. Matsuo, N. Hanzawa, and H. Ono, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24, 21 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tujikawa, K.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

Turner, P.

S. Alam, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, M. Ibsen, A. B. Grudinin, and A. Chin, in ECOC (2000), paper 5.4.3.

Turner, P. W.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangements for high power fibre lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent US 6,826,335 B1, (30November, 2004).

Wada, N.

B. J. Puttman, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, J. M. D. Mendinueta, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu3.C.3.

Watanbe, K.

Y. Tshuchida, K. Maeda, K. Watanbe, T. Saito, S. Matsumoto, K. Aiso, Y. Mimura, and R. Sugizaki, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu.4F.2.

Winzer, P. J.

P. J. Winzer, IEEE LEOS Newsletter23, 4 (2009).

Wisk, P. W.

Yamada, M.

M. Yamada, K. Tsujikawa, L. Ma, K. Ichii, S. Matsuo, N. Hanzawa, and H. Ono, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24, 21 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M. F.

Zervas, M. N.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangements for high power fibre lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent US 6,826,335 B1, (30November, 2004).

Zhu, B.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Yamada, K. Tsujikawa, L. Ma, K. Ichii, S. Matsuo, N. Hanzawa, and H. Ono, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24, 21 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (7)

Y. Tshuchida, K. Maeda, K. Watanbe, T. Saito, S. Matsumoto, K. Aiso, Y. Mimura, and R. Sugizaki, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu.4F.2.

B. J. Puttman, J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, J. M. D. Mendinueta, N. Wada, A. Kanno, and T. Kawanishi, in ECOC (2012), paper Tu3.C.3.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, A. Matusuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matusi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, in ECOC PDP (2012), paper Th.3.C.1.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. Durkin, “Multi-fibre arrangements for high power fibre lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. patent US 6,826,335 B1, (30November, 2004).

S. Alam, J. Nilsson, P. Turner, M. Ibsen, A. B. Grudinin, and A. Chin, in ECOC (2000), paper 5.4.3.

J. R. Simpson, P. C. Becker, and N. A. Olsson, in Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and Technology (Academic, 1999), p. 251.

P. J. Winzer, IEEE LEOS Newsletter23, 4 (2009).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Microscope image of cleaved 7-MEF showing the arrangement of 7 fiber-elements in the coating. (b) Schematics of 7-MEF draw. (c) Indexing of fiber-elements in 7-MEF.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup for measuring gain, NF, and crosstalk containing ch-1 and ch-2.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Gain and NF variation for 3 - F 2 with wavelength, at different input signal levels using a pump power of 172 mW. The inset shows the ASE spectrum.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Gain and NF variation for 7 - F 4 with wavelength, at different input signal levels using a pump power of 172 mW.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Gain and NF for 3-MEF Measured at Different Wavelengths for an Input Signal Level of 23 dBm

Tables Icon

Table 2. Gain and NF for 7-MEF at 23 dBm Input Signal for Different Wavelengths

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Gain ( dB ) = 10 × log 10 P out P in ,
NF ( dB ) = N out G N in h ν G B w + 1 G ,

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