Abstract

We propose a scheme for generating millimeter-wave (MMW) ultra-wideband (UWB) signal that is free from low-frequency components and a residual local oscillator. The system consists of two cascaded polarization modulators and is equivalent to a high-speed microwave photonic switch, which truncates a sinusoidal MMW into short pulses. The polarity switchability of the generated MMW-UWB pulse is also demonstrated.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Cheolhee and T. S. Rappaport, IEEE Wirel. Commun. 14, 70 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Yao, F. Zeng, and Q. Wang, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3219 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2445 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Q. J. Chang, Y. Tian, T. Ye, J. M. Gao, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1651 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Jia, L. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1172 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Beltran and R. Llorente, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 3645 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Beltran and R. Llorente, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 58, 1609 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Kuri, Y. Omiya, T. Kawanishi, S. Hara, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1–4.
  9. T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 15, 153 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. L. Campillo, Opt. Lett. 32, 3152 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. L. Campillo and F. Bucholtz, Appl. Opt. 45, 2742 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Minoru, B. B. M. W. Badalawa, Ö. Ahmet, and W. Tong, in Proceedings of the 32nd European Solid-State Circuits Conference 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 279–282.

2011

2010

M. Beltran and R. Llorente, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 58, 1609 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2445 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

L. Jia, L. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1172 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

Q. J. Chang, Y. Tian, T. Ye, J. M. Gao, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1651 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2005

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 15, 153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ahmet, Ö.

F. Minoru, B. B. M. W. Badalawa, Ö. Ahmet, and W. Tong, in Proceedings of the 32nd European Solid-State Circuits Conference 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 279–282.

Badalawa, B. B. M. W.

F. Minoru, B. B. M. W. Badalawa, Ö. Ahmet, and W. Tong, in Proceedings of the 32nd European Solid-State Circuits Conference 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 279–282.

Beltran, M.

M. Beltran and R. Llorente, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 3645 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Beltran and R. Llorente, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 58, 1609 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bucholtz, F.

Campillo, A. L.

Chang, Q. J.

Q. J. Chang, Y. Tian, T. Ye, J. M. Gao, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1651 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cheolhee, P.

P. Cheolhee and T. S. Rappaport, IEEE Wirel. Commun. 14, 70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J. M.

Q. J. Chang, Y. Tian, T. Ye, J. M. Gao, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1651 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hara, S.

T. Kuri, Y. Omiya, T. Kawanishi, S. Hara, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1–4.

Izutsu, M.

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 15, 153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jia, L.

L. Jia, L. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1172 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, T.

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 15, 153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Kuri, Y. Omiya, T. Kawanishi, S. Hara, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1–4.

Kitayama, K.

T. Kuri, Y. Omiya, T. Kawanishi, S. Hara, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1–4.

Kuri, T.

T. Kuri, Y. Omiya, T. Kawanishi, S. Hara, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1–4.

Llorente, R.

M. Beltran and R. Llorente, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 3645 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Beltran and R. Llorente, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 58, 1609 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Minoru, F.

F. Minoru, B. B. M. W. Badalawa, Ö. Ahmet, and W. Tong, in Proceedings of the 32nd European Solid-State Circuits Conference 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 279–282.

Omiya, Y.

T. Kuri, Y. Omiya, T. Kawanishi, S. Hara, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1–4.

Pan, S. L.

Rappaport, T. S.

P. Cheolhee and T. S. Rappaport, IEEE Wirel. Commun. 14, 70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, T.

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 15, 153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y. K.

Q. J. Chang, Y. Tian, T. Ye, J. M. Gao, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1651 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y.

Q. J. Chang, Y. Tian, T. Ye, J. M. Gao, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1651 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tong, W.

F. Minoru, B. B. M. W. Badalawa, Ö. Ahmet, and W. Tong, in Proceedings of the 32nd European Solid-State Circuits Conference 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 279–282.

Wang, Q.

Wong, K. K. Y.

L. Jia, L. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1172 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

Yao, J. P.

Ye, T.

Q. J. Chang, Y. Tian, T. Ye, J. M. Gao, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1651 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, L.

L. Jia, L. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1172 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, F.

Appl. Opt.

IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 15, 153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Q. J. Chang, Y. Tian, T. Ye, J. M. Gao, and Y. K. Su, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1651 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Jia, L. Yu, and K. K. Y. Wong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1172 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech.

M. Beltran and R. Llorente, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 58, 1609 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Wirel. Commun.

P. Cheolhee and T. S. Rappaport, IEEE Wirel. Commun. 14, 70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Lett.

Other

T. Kuri, Y. Omiya, T. Kawanishi, S. Hara, and K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1–4.

F. Minoru, B. B. M. W. Badalawa, Ö. Ahmet, and W. Tong, in Proceedings of the 32nd European Solid-State Circuits Conference 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 279–282.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram and operation principle of the MMW-UWB signal generator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Output optical spectrum of the OBPF. (b) Optical spectrum at the output port of the polarizer when there is no voltage applied to PolM2.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Waveform of the generated MMW-UWB signal with positive polarity and (b) waveform of the generated MMW-UWB signal with negative polarity.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Electrical spectrum of the generated MMW-UWB signal.

Equations (7)

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E⃗out=[ExEy]=Ein2[exp(jmsin(2πft))exp(jmsin(2πft)jθ)],
E⃗out=[ExEy]=Ein2[100ejθ]{n=J2n(m2)cos[2π(cλ0+2nf)t]×[11]+n=J2n+1(m2)cos[2π(cλ0+(2n+1)f)t]×[11]}.
E⃗(λ0)=[Eλ0xEλ0y]=[E0/2E0/2]exp(j2πcλ0t),E⃗(λ1)=[Eλ1xEλ1y]=[E0/2E0/2]exp(j2πcλ1t),
E⃗(λ0)=[Eλ0xEλ0y]=E02[exp(jφ)exp(jφ)]exp(j2πcλ0t),E⃗(λ1)=[Eλ1xEλ1y]=E02[exp(jφ)exp(jφ)]exp(j2πcλ1t),
Ep=Eλ0xcos45°+Eλ0ycos135°+Eλ1xcos45°+Eλ1ycos135°=E02{[exp(jφ)exp(jφ)]exp(j2πcλ0t)+[exp(jφ)+exp(jφ)]exp(j2πcλ1t)}.
I=η|Ep|2=ηE02ηE02sin(πv/Vπ)·sin(2πft),
Ep=E02{[exp(jφ)+exp(jφ)]exp(j2πcλ0t)+[exp(jφ)exp(jφ)]exp(j2πcλ1t)}.

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