Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate tunable silicon comb filters based on Fabry–Perot (FP) resonators composed of two Sagnac loop mirrors. The comb filter resolves up to 54 comb lines with a 115 GHz channel spacing over a spectral range from 1510 to 1560 nm. The comb line extinction ratio is 26.3dB and the quality factor is 57,000 around 1550 nm wavelength. Electrical tuning is enabled via periodically interleaved PN junctions embedded inside the FP resonator. The comb lines are blue shifted by 0.92nm (one channel spacing) with a 5 mA forward-bias current and red-shifted by 0.05nm with a 10V reverse-bias voltage.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  5. I. Giuntoni, P. Balladares, R. Steingrtuber, J. Bruns, and K. Petermann, in Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC 2011) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThV3.
  6. B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Dong, S. F. Preble, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 9600 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. X. Xu, A. Delâge, R. McKinnon, M. Vachon, R. Ma, J. Lapointe, A. Densmore, P. Cheben, S. Janz, and J. H. Schmid, Opt. Express 18, 1937 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Sun, D. S. Moon, A. Lin, W. T. Han, and Y. Chung, Opt. Express 16, 3652 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. T. Hu, X. Xiao, H. Xu, X. Y. Li, K. Xiong, Z. Y. Li, T. Chu, Y. D. Yu, and J. Z. Yu, Opt. Express 20, 15079 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

M. Asghari and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, Nat. Photonics 5, 268 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

D. X. Xu, A. Delâge, R. McKinnon, M. Vachon, R. Ma, J. Lapointe, A. Densmore, P. Cheben, S. Janz, and J. H. Schmid, Opt. Express 18, 1937 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

G. Sun, D. S. Moon, A. Lin, W. T. Han, and Y. Chung, Opt. Express 16, 3652 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Asghari, M.

M. Asghari and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, Nat. Photonics 5, 268 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Balladares, P.

I. Giuntoni, P. Balladares, R. Steingrtuber, J. Bruns, and K. Petermann, in Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC 2011) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThV3.

Bergman, K.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Biberman, A.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brouckaert, J.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bruns, J.

I. Giuntoni, P. Balladares, R. Steingrtuber, J. Bruns, and K. Petermann, in Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC 2011) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThV3.

Cheben, P.

Chu, T.

Chung, Y.

De Vos, K.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Delâge, A.

Densmore, A.

Dong, P.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 9600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Giuntoni, I.

I. Giuntoni, P. Balladares, R. Steingrtuber, J. Bruns, and K. Petermann, in Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC 2011) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThV3.

Gurusamy, M.

C. Murthy and M. Gurusamy, WDM Optical Networks: Concepts, Design, and Algorithms (Prentice-Hall, 2002).

Han, W. T.

Hu, Y. T.

Janz, S.

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

M. Asghari and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, Nat. Photonics 5, 268 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lapointe, J.

Lee, B. G.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. Y.

Li, Z. Y.

Lin, A.

Lipson, M.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Dong, S. F. Preble, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 9600 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, R.

McKinnon, R.

Moon, D. S.

Mukherjee, B.

B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks (Springer, 2006).

Murthy, C.

C. Murthy and M. Gurusamy, WDM Optical Networks: Concepts, Design, and Algorithms (Prentice-Hall, 2002).

Petermann, K.

I. Giuntoni, P. Balladares, R. Steingrtuber, J. Bruns, and K. Petermann, in Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC 2011) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThV3.

Preble, S. F.

Schmid, J. H.

Selvaraja, S. K.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Steingrtuber, R.

I. Giuntoni, P. Balladares, R. Steingrtuber, J. Bruns, and K. Petermann, in Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC 2011) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThV3.

Sun, G.

Vachon, M.

Van Thourhout, D.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X.

Xiong, K.

Xu, D. X.

Xu, H.

Yu, J. Z.

Yu, Y. D.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, and K. Bergman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Asghari and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, Nat. Photonics 5, 268 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Other (3)

B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks (Springer, 2006).

C. Murthy and M. Gurusamy, WDM Optical Networks: Concepts, Design, and Algorithms (Prentice-Hall, 2002).

I. Giuntoni, P. Balladares, R. Steingrtuber, J. Bruns, and K. Petermann, in Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC 2011) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThV3.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic of the FP comb filter with periodically interleaved PN junctions. The inset shows the schematic 3D view of the PN junctions. (b) Microscope photograph of the fabricated FP comb filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a), (b) Measured transmission spectra of the FP comb filters. (c), (d) Comb line Q factor and ER variation with wavelength. (e), (f) Zoomed-in spectra showing both measurement and simulation results.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a), (b) Transmission spectra tuning under various (a) forward and (b) reverse biases. (c), (d) Comb-line FWHM bandwidth and Q-factor variation with bias current or voltage. (e), (f) ER and comb-line shift with bias current or voltage.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ts=(t2κ2)a1ejβl1,
rs=2jtκa1ejβl1,
tFP=ts2a2ejβl21rs2a22e2jβl2,
IoutIin=|tFP|2=(t2κ2)4aa121+16t4κ4a2+8t2κ2acos(βL),

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