Abstract

We report the experimental demonstration of a passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber ring laser operating at the 337th harmonic (1.80 GHz) of the cavity. The laser makes use of highly efficient Raman-like optoacoustic interactions between the guided light and gigahertz acoustic resonances trapped in the micron-sized solid glass core of a photonic crystal fiber. At sufficient pump power levels the laser output locks to a repetition rate corresponding to the acoustic frequency. A stable optical pulse train with a side-mode suppression ratio higher than 45 dB was obtained at low pump powers (60mW).

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M. S. Kang, A. Butsch, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Photonics 5, 549 (2011).
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M. S. Kang, A. Brenn, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153901 (2010).
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M. S. Kang, A. Nazarkin, A. Brenn, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Phys. 5, 276 (2009).
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M. S. Kang, A. Butsch, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Photonics 5, 549 (2011).
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Coen, S.

Collings, B. C.

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[CrossRef]

Kang, M. S.

M. S. Kang, A. Butsch, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Photonics 5, 549 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Kang, A. Brenn, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Kang, A. Nazarkin, A. Brenn, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Phys. 5, 276 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Panasenko, D.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 853 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 853 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Polynkin, A.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 853 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Polynkin, P.

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 853 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Romagnoli, M.

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M. S. Kang, A. Butsch, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Photonics 5, 549 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Kang, A. Brenn, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Kang, A. Nazarkin, A. Brenn, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Phys. 5, 276 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Salhi, M.

Sanchez, F.

Schlager, J. B.

Schröder, J.

Sobon, G.

G. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. Nikodem, Opt. Commun. 284, 4203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Swann, W. C.

Sylvestre, T.

Taylor, J. R.

Vanholsbeeck, F.

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Panasenko, P. Polynkin, A. Polynkin, J. V. Moloney, M. Mansuripur, and N. Peyghambarian, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18, 853 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. S. Kang, A. Butsch, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Photonics 5, 549 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

M. S. Kang, A. Nazarkin, A. Brenn, and P. St. J. Russell, Nat. Phys. 5, 276 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Sobon, K. Krzempek, P. Kaczmarek, K. M. Abramski, and M. Nikodem, Opt. Commun. 284, 4203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. S. Kang, A. Brenn, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 153901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of unidirectional ring laser cavity configuration. LD, laser diode; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer; EDF, Er-doped fiber; PC, polarization controller; PCF, photonic crystal fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser output signal detected by a fast photodetector. (a) Oscilloscope trace of the laser output at a pump power of 80 mW. A stable train of 130ps optical pulses at a repetition rate of 1.80 GHz is generated. (b) Zoomed-in oscilloscope trace around the (red) box in (a). (c) Electrical power spectrum corresponding to (a), clearly showing 337th-order harmonic mode-locking at 1.80 GHz, while all the other harmonics are highly suppressed with the SMSR larger than 45 dB.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Optical spectrum of the laser output measured with a grating-based optical spectrum analyzer (resolution: 0.01 nm). (b) Optical spectrum corresponding to (a) measured with a scanning Fabry–Perot interferometer (resolution: 4 MHz), showing an equidistant frequency comb with a spacing of 1.80 GHz. The (blue) dashed curve is a sech2 fit to the measured spectrum.

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