Abstract

We report Brillouin lasing in an integrated liquid-core optical fiber filled with neat CS2. This is the first observation of Brillouin lasing in an optical fiber filled with a liquid, to the best of our knowledge. The linewidth of the single frequency liquid-based Brillouin laser was estimated to be <1kHz by beating two similar but independent lasers against one another.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (2)

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

L. Thevenaz, Nat. Photonics 2, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1976 (1)

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1964 (3)

R. Y. Chiao, C. H. Townes, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592 (1964).
[CrossRef]

R. Y. Chiao and B. P. Stoicheff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1286 (1964).
[CrossRef]

E. Garmire and C. H. Townes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 84(1964).
[CrossRef]

1930 (1)

E. Gross, Nature 126, 201 (1930).
[CrossRef]

1922 (1)

L. Brillouin, Ann. Phys. 17, 88 (1922).

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Blake, M.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2008).

Brillouin, L.

L. Brillouin, Ann. Phys. 17, 88 (1922).

Chiao, R. Y.

R. Y. Chiao, C. H. Townes, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592 (1964).
[CrossRef]

R. Y. Chiao and B. P. Stoicheff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1286 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, D.

DeSimone, A.

Ezekiel, S.

Gaeta, A. L.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Garmire, E.

E. Garmire and C. H. Townes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 84(1964).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, D. J.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Geng, J.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gross, E.

E. Gross, Nature 126, 201 (1930).
[CrossRef]

Hales, J. M.

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Horiguchi, T.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kieu, K.

Kobyakov, A.

Koyamada, Y.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kurashima, T.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Merzlyak, E.

Norwood, R. A.

Okawachi, Y.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Perry, J. W.

Peyghambarian, N.

Sauer, M.

Schneebeli, L.

Schweinsberg, Z. M. A.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S. P.

Staines, S.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stoicheff, B. P.

R. Y. Chiao, C. H. Townes, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592 (1964).
[CrossRef]

R. Y. Chiao and B. P. Stoicheff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1286 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Tateda, M.

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Thevenaz, L.

L. Thevenaz, Nat. Photonics 2, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Townes, C. H.

E. Garmire and C. H. Townes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 84(1964).
[CrossRef]

R. Y. Chiao, C. H. Townes, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zarinetchi, F.

Zong, J.

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Ann. Phys. (1)

L. Brillouin, Ann. Phys. 17, 88 (1922).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539 (1972).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

E. Garmire and C. H. Townes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 84(1964).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Geng, S. Staines, Z. Wang, J. Zong, M. Blake, and S. Jiang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1813 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. Horiguchi, K. Shimizu, T. Kurashima, M. Tateda, and Y. Koyamada, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1296 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

L. Thevenaz, Nat. Photonics 2, 474 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

E. Gross, Nature 126, 201 (1930).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Y. Chiao, C. H. Townes, and B. P. Stoicheff, Phys. Rev. Lett. 12, 592 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) SBS spectroscopy setup. (b) Schematic diagram of the liquid-based Brillouin fiber laser. Inset: photograph of the gap-splice between the high NA fiber (left) and the 2 μm capillary (right), both fibers have a cladding diameter of 125μm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Brillouin spectroscopy of the CS2 filled i-LCOF. Pump and probe laser powers were 170 and 3 mW, respectively. (b) Oscillations observed near zero frequency offset (signal was acquired at 5 mega samples per second).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Brillouin laser output power versus pump power. (b) Measured output spectrum (combined with part of the pump laser), the Brillouin wavelength shift is around 0.02 nm (resolution of the OSA is 0.01 nm). (c) RF beat note between the pump laser and the liquid-based Brillouin fiber laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) RF beat note between two similar but independent Brillouin lasers (10 kHz RBW). (b) Zoom-in RF beat note between two similar but independent Brillouin lasers (measurement time 20ms). The FWHM of the beat note is 1kHz, which was also the RBW of the RF spectrum analyzer.

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