Abstract

We demonstrate, both numerically and experimentally, that metal–insulator–metal configurations in which the top metal layer consists of a periodic arrangement of nanobricks, thus supporting gap-surface plasmon resonances, can be designed to function as reflective broadband half-wave plates. Using gold as the metal, the constructed wave plates in the near-infrared regime show scalability, bandwidth of 20% of the design wavelength, and theoretical reflectivity above 85%, while a reflectivity of 50% is experimentally measured.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

2011

2010

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, I. P. Radko, M. Willatzen, and O. Albrektsen, Nano Lett. 10, 4571 (2010).

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).

2009

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

1972

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).

Albrektsen, O.

Alkemade, P. F. A.

Alú, A.

Y. Zhao and A. Alú, Phys. Rev. B 84, 205428 (2011).

An, Z.

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baida, F. I.

F. I. Baida, M. Boutria, R. Oussaid, and D. Van Labeke, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bosman, J.

Boutria, M.

F. I. Baida, M. Boutria, R. Oussaid, and D. Van Labeke, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

Briggs, R. M.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chakrabarty, A.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 023101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chimento, P. F.

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).

Crozier, K. B.

Drezet, A.

A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eliel, E. R.

Evlyukhin, A. B.

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, I. P. Radko, M. Willatzen, and O. Albrektsen, Nano Lett. 10, 4571 (2010).

Ferry, V. E.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).

Guo, C. C.

Hao, J.

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).

Hooft, G. W.

Huang, X.

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).

Khoo, E. H.

Kuzmin, N. V.

Li, E. P.

Lin, L.

Liu, K.

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).

Ma, T.

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).

Minkowski, F.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 023101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, M. G.

Oussaid, R.

F. I. Baida, M. Boutria, R. Oussaid, and D. Van Labeke, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pors, A.

Qiu, M.

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Radko, I. P.

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, I. P. Radko, M. Willatzen, and O. Albrektsen, Nano Lett. 10, 4571 (2010).

Ren, Q.

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, A.

Sun, K.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 023101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Valle, G. Della

Van Labeke, D.

F. I. Baida, M. Boutria, R. Oussaid, and D. Van Labeke, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 023101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Q.-H.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 023101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).

Willatzen, M.

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, G. Della Valle, M. Willatzen, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Opt. Lett. 36, 1626(2011).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, I. P. Radko, M. Willatzen, and O. Albrektsen, Nano Lett. 10, 4571 (2010).

Yang, B.

Ye, W. M.

Yuan, X. D.

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao and A. Alú, Phys. Rev. B 84, 205428 (2011).

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Z. H.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 023101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

A. B. Evlyukhin, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, I. P. Radko, M. Willatzen, and O. Albrektsen, Nano Lett. 10, 4571 (2010).

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 2342 (2010).

Nat. Commun.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

F. I. Baida, M. Boutria, R. Oussaid, and D. Van Labeke, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao and A. Alú, Phys. Rev. B 84, 205428 (2011).

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Drezet, C. Genet, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 043902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Sketch of unit cell; described by the nanobrick parameters Lx, Ly, t, spacer thickness ts, and periodicity Λ. The nanobrick and metal substrate are made of gold, the spacer is made of glass, and the upper medium is assumed to be air. Amplitude and phase of reflection coefficient for β=0° and β=90° for (b) Lx=150nm, Ly=78nm, t=50nm, ts=50nm, and Λ=240nm; (c) Lx=372nm, Ly=200nm, t=70nm, ts=100nm, and Λ=500nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Color map shows the z-component of the E-field in the unit cell through the spacer layer for an incident wave with amplitude E0=1V/m, λ=740nm and β=44°. The cones and arrows correspond to the incident and reflected E-field 1 μm away from the gold substrate, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Configuration with parameters Lx=160nm, Ly=85nm, t=50nm, ts=50nm, and Λ=250nm. Curves correspond to numerical calculations; markers are experimentally measured values. (a) Reflectivity for three values of β. Inset shows top view SEM image of the fabricated structure. (b) Calculated phase of the reflected light in (a). (c) Reflectivity as a function of analyzer angle measured from the x axis when β=40°. The legend “Reference” refers to reflection from a 50 nm thick SiO2 layer on top of a gold substrate.

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