Abstract

We report the first observation to our knowledge of room-temperature continuous-wave laser operation on the I75I85 transition of Ho3+ ions in a KY3F10 single crystal. Using a Tm-doped silica fiber laser operating at 1938 nm as a pump source, a maximum laser power of 1.8 W was obtained at a wavelength of 2040nm for 27 W of absorbed pump power with a slope efficiency of 19.1% with respect to absorbed power. At low cavity output coupling, the lasing wavelength shifted to 2060.5 nm. The beam propagation factor (M2) was measured to be <1.06 at the maximum output power, confirming fundamental transverse-mode (TEM00) operation. Performing a Caird analysis, we determined resonator round-trip losses and intrinsic slope efficiency of 30% and 43.8%, respectively.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (2)

2011 (2)

2009 (2)

M. Mujaji and J. P. R. Wells, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21, 255402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Popov, P. P. Fedorov, V. V. Semashko, S. L. Korableva, M. A. Marisov, E. Yu. Gordeev, V. M. Reiterov, and V. V. Osiko, Doklady Phys. 54, 221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

M. Eichhorn, Appl. Phys. B 93, 269 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. Godard, C. R. Phys. 8, 1100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

K. Friese, H. Krüger, V. Kahlenberg, T. Balic-Zunic, H. Emerich, J.-Y. Gesland, and A. Grzechnik, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18, 2677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, and M. Jansen, Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, Appl. Phys. B 72, 909 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

M. P. Borzenkova, G. N. Kuznetsova, and A. V. Novoselova, Inorg. Mater. 7, 214 (1971).

Balic-Zunic, T.

K. Friese, H. Krüger, V. Kahlenberg, T. Balic-Zunic, H. Emerich, J.-Y. Gesland, and A. Grzechnik, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18, 2677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Borzenkova, M. P.

M. P. Borzenkova, G. N. Kuznetsova, and A. V. Novoselova, Inorg. Mater. 7, 214 (1971).

Braud, A.

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, Appl. Phys. B 72, 909 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Coluccelli, N.

Di Lieto, A.

Doualan, J. L.

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, Appl. Phys. B 72, 909 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eichhorn, M.

M. Eichhorn, Appl. Phys. B 93, 269 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Emerich, H.

K. Friese, H. Krüger, V. Kahlenberg, T. Balic-Zunic, H. Emerich, J.-Y. Gesland, and A. Grzechnik, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18, 2677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, P. P.

P. A. Popov, P. P. Fedorov, V. V. Semashko, S. L. Korableva, M. A. Marisov, E. Yu. Gordeev, V. M. Reiterov, and V. V. Osiko, Doklady Phys. 54, 221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Friese, K.

K. Friese, H. Krüger, V. Kahlenberg, T. Balic-Zunic, H. Emerich, J.-Y. Gesland, and A. Grzechnik, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18, 2677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, and M. Jansen, Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fuhrberg, P.

Galzerano, G.

Gambetta, A.

Gatti, D.

Gesland, J.-Y.

K. Friese, H. Krüger, V. Kahlenberg, T. Balic-Zunic, H. Emerich, J.-Y. Gesland, and A. Grzechnik, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18, 2677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, and M. Jansen, Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Godard, A.

A. Godard, C. R. Phys. 8, 1100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gordeev, E. Yu.

P. A. Popov, P. P. Fedorov, V. V. Semashko, S. L. Korableva, M. A. Marisov, E. Yu. Gordeev, V. M. Reiterov, and V. V. Osiko, Doklady Phys. 54, 221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grzechnik, A.

K. Friese, H. Krüger, V. Kahlenberg, T. Balic-Zunic, H. Emerich, J.-Y. Gesland, and A. Grzechnik, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18, 2677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, and M. Jansen, Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, M.

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, and M. Jansen, Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kahlenberg, V.

K. Friese, H. Krüger, V. Kahlenberg, T. Balic-Zunic, H. Emerich, J.-Y. Gesland, and A. Grzechnik, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18, 2677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koopmann, P.

Korableva, S. L.

P. A. Popov, P. P. Fedorov, V. V. Semashko, S. L. Korableva, M. A. Marisov, E. Yu. Gordeev, V. M. Reiterov, and V. V. Osiko, Doklady Phys. 54, 221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krüger, H.

K. Friese, H. Krüger, V. Kahlenberg, T. Balic-Zunic, H. Emerich, J.-Y. Gesland, and A. Grzechnik, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18, 2677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsova, G. N.

M. P. Borzenkova, G. N. Kuznetsova, and A. V. Novoselova, Inorg. Mater. 7, 214 (1971).

Lamrini, S.

Laporta, P.

Marangoni, M.

Marisov, M. A.

P. A. Popov, P. P. Fedorov, V. V. Semashko, S. L. Korableva, M. A. Marisov, E. Yu. Gordeev, V. M. Reiterov, and V. V. Osiko, Doklady Phys. 54, 221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moncorge, R.

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, Appl. Phys. B 72, 909 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mujaji, M.

M. Mujaji and J. P. R. Wells, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21, 255402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Novoselova, A. V.

M. P. Borzenkova, G. N. Kuznetsova, and A. V. Novoselova, Inorg. Mater. 7, 214 (1971).

Nuss, J.

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, and M. Jansen, Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Osiko, V. V.

P. A. Popov, P. P. Fedorov, V. V. Semashko, S. L. Korableva, M. A. Marisov, E. Yu. Gordeev, V. M. Reiterov, and V. V. Osiko, Doklady Phys. 54, 221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Petros, M.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Popov, P. A.

P. A. Popov, P. P. Fedorov, V. V. Semashko, S. L. Korableva, M. A. Marisov, E. Yu. Gordeev, V. M. Reiterov, and V. V. Osiko, Doklady Phys. 54, 221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ramponi, A. J.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Reiterov, V. M.

P. A. Popov, P. P. Fedorov, V. V. Semashko, S. L. Korableva, M. A. Marisov, E. Yu. Gordeev, V. M. Reiterov, and V. V. Osiko, Doklady Phys. 54, 221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schäfer, M.

Schellhorn, M.

Scholle, K.

Semashko, V. V.

P. A. Popov, P. P. Fedorov, V. V. Semashko, S. L. Korableva, M. A. Marisov, E. Yu. Gordeev, V. M. Reiterov, and V. V. Osiko, Doklady Phys. 54, 221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Singh, U. N.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Staver, P. R.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tigreat, P. Y.

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, Appl. Phys. B 72, 909 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

Veronesi, S.

Walsh, B. M.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wells, J. P. R.

M. Mujaji and J. P. R. Wells, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21, 255402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, Appl. Phys. B 72, 909 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Schellhorn, Appl. Phys. B 103, 777 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Eichhorn, Appl. Phys. B 93, 269 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Phys. (1)

A. Godard, C. R. Phys. 8, 1100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Doklady Phys. (1)

P. A. Popov, P. P. Fedorov, V. V. Semashko, S. L. Korableva, M. A. Marisov, E. Yu. Gordeev, V. M. Reiterov, and V. V. Osiko, Doklady Phys. 54, 221 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Mater. (1)

M. P. Borzenkova, G. N. Kuznetsova, and A. V. Novoselova, Inorg. Mater. 7, 214 (1971).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (2)

K. Friese, H. Krüger, V. Kahlenberg, T. Balic-Zunic, H. Emerich, J.-Y. Gesland, and A. Grzechnik, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18, 2677 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Mujaji and J. P. R. Wells, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21, 255402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Z. Kristallogr. (1)

A. Grzechnik, J. Nuss, K. Friese, J.-Y. Gesland, and M. Jansen, Z. Kristallogr. 217, 460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Room-temperature absorption and emission cross section spectra associated with the I85I75 transition of Ho3+:KY3F10.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of the folded Ho3+:KY3F10 oscillator (1.94 μm unpolarized pump radiation was injected through input coupler, IC). DM, dichroic mirror; OC, output coupler.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power of Ho3+:KY3F10 laser as a function of pump power incident inside the crystal for different transmissions of the OC. Straight lines are the result of a linear fit. The inset shows the spectral distribution.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output power of Ho:KY3F10 laser as a function of absorbed pump power for different transmissions of the OC. Straight lines are the result of a linear fit. The inset shows the Caird plot.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output power of Ho3+:KY3F10 laser as a function of absorbed pump power at optimum OC transmission of 19%. The inset shows M2 measurement at maximum output power of 1.8 W.

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