Abstract

We demonstrate integrated holographic grating filters, that can be designed toward any desired target spectrum. A straightforward design method transforms this target spectrum into a weak effective refractive index variation. The filters are implemented in high-contrast silicon-on-insulator by modulating the width of the shallow etched sides of a ridge waveguide. Measurements show that this is a promising approach to integrate flexible and versatile filters on photonic chips to enable more complex applications.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Dumon, and R. Baets, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4076 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 26, 414 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. Wang, W. Shi, H. Yun, S. Grist, N. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, Opt. Express 20, 15547 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Bogaerts, P. Bradt, L. Vanholme, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 801 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

W. Bogaerts, P. Bradt, L. Vanholme, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Babin, S.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Dumon, and R. Baets, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4076 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, P. Bradt, L. Vanholme, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bienstman, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. Bradt, L. Vanholme, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Dumon, and R. Baets, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4076 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, P. Bradt, L. Vanholme, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bradt, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. Bradt, L. Vanholme, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brouckaert, J.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cabrini, S.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chrostowski, L.

De Vos, K.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dhuey, S.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Dumon, and R. Baets, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4076 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Goltsov, A.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grist, S.

Harteneck, B.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Itabashi, S.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ivonin, I.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jaeger, N.

Jaenen, P.

Kopyatev, S.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Morita, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T.

Peroz, C.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sasorov, P.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Selvaraja, S. K.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Dumon, and R. Baets, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4076 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W.

Shoji, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, J.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, M.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tamechika, E.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Selvaraja, P. Jaenen, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Dumon, and R. Baets, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4076 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vanholme, L.

W. Bogaerts, P. Bradt, L. Vanholme, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Watanabe, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yankov, V.

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yun, H.

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (2)

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 232 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 16, 33 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

C. Peroz, A. Goltsov, S. Dhuey, P. Sasorov, B. Harteneck, I. Ivonin, S. Kopyatev, S. Cabrini, S. Babin, and V. Yankov, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 888 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Bogaerts, P. Bradt, L. Vanholme, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 801 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Impulse response of the grating consist of one contribution from every position x. This contribution has a amplitude related to Δn(x) and arrives at a time related to x.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated (a) index variation is mapped to the (b) index dependence of the wing width. The (c) resulting ideal grating design undergoes a transformation to truncate al features that are too narrow to be fabricated. The gray inset (d) shows a schematic cross-section and top view of part of a holographic waveguide grating.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Comparing the design with the fabricated device shows that the maximal refractive index contrast of the grating is reduced.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Calculated and measured spectra of three gratings with different target spectra show good correspondence.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

neff(x)=neff,0+Δn(x).
ER(t)=αRE0Δn(ct2neff,0).
T(f)=F[αRΔn(ct2neff,0)].

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