Abstract

In this Letter we report Cs+ ion exchange channel waveguides on RbTiOPO4 (RTP) for what we believe is the first time. A Ti channel mask was fabricated on an RTP substrate by conventional photolithography. The ion exchange process was carried out in a CsNO3 melt, and the channels produced ranged from 6 to 11 μm in width. The near-field pattern of the modes was recorded, and type II second harmonic generation in waveguide regime was obtained, producing 512.5 nm green light. The optical characterization shows optical losses of 3.8dB/cm.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. A. Thomas, S. C. Mayo, and B. E. Watts, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. B 48, 401 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and Y. S. Liu, Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).
  3. M. N. Satyanarayan, A. Deepthy, and H. L. Bhat, Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 24, 103 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Yu. S. Oseledchik, A. I. Pisarevsky, A. L. Prosvirnin, V. V. Starshenko, and N. V. Svitanko, Opt. Mater. 3, 237 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Guillen, B. Ménaert, J. P. Fève, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, Opt. Mater. 22, 155 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. D. Bierlein, D. B. Laubacher, J. B. Brown, and C. J. van der Poel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1725 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Lifante, Integrated Photonics: Fundamentals (Wiley, 2003).
  8. T. Suhara and M. Fujimura, Waveguide Nonlinear-Optic Devices (Springer, 2003).
  9. F. Laurell, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Berlein, Compact Blue-Green Lasers (OSA, 1994).
  10. J. Cugat, R. Solé, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, CrystEngComm 13, 2015 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. Mateos, V. Petrov, A. Peña, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, Opt. Lett. 32, 1929(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, and L. K. Cheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1519 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. L. Koch, F. J. Leonberger, and P. G. Suchoski, Handbook of Optics, Integrated Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1995).
  14. J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, J. Opt Soc. Am. B 6, 622 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. G. Roelofs, A. Ferretti, and J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 3608 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahai, and A. J. McCaffery, Electron. Lett. 28, 1478 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2011

J. Cugat, R. Solé, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, CrystEngComm 13, 2015 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2007

2003

Y. Guillen, B. Ménaert, J. P. Fève, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, Opt. Mater. 22, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, and L. K. Cheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1519 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Satyanarayan, A. Deepthy, and H. L. Bhat, Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 24, 103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994

Yu. S. Oseledchik, A. I. Pisarevsky, A. L. Prosvirnin, V. V. Starshenko, and N. V. Svitanko, Opt. Mater. 3, 237 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

M. G. Roelofs, A. Ferretti, and J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 3608 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahai, and A. J. McCaffery, Electron. Lett. 28, 1478 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Thomas, S. C. Mayo, and B. E. Watts, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. B 48, 401 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

J. D. Bierlein, D. B. Laubacher, J. B. Brown, and C. J. van der Poel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1725 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

J. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, J. Opt Soc. Am. B 6, 622 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and Y. S. Liu, Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

Aguiló, M.

J. Cugat, R. Solé, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, CrystEngComm 13, 2015 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, A. Peña, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, Opt. Lett. 32, 1929(2007).
[CrossRef]

Alwahai, Z. T.

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahai, and A. J. McCaffery, Electron. Lett. 28, 1478 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Belt, R. F.

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and Y. S. Liu, Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

Berlein, J. D.

F. Laurell, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Berlein, Compact Blue-Green Lasers (OSA, 1994).

Bhat, H. L.

M. N. Satyanarayan, A. Deepthy, and H. L. Bhat, Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 24, 103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J.

J. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, J. Opt Soc. Am. B 6, 622 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J. D.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Ferretti, and J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 3608 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, D. B. Laubacher, J. B. Brown, and C. J. van der Poel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1725 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Boulanger, B.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, A. Peña, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, Opt. Lett. 32, 1929(2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guillen, B. Ménaert, J. P. Fève, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, Opt. Mater. 22, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brixner, L. H.

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Brown, J. B.

J. D. Bierlein, D. B. Laubacher, J. B. Brown, and C. J. van der Poel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1725 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Carvajal, J. J.

J. Cugat, R. Solé, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, CrystEngComm 13, 2015 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, A. Peña, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, Opt. Lett. 32, 1929(2007).
[CrossRef]

Chandler, P. J.

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahai, and A. J. McCaffery, Electron. Lett. 28, 1478 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, and L. K. Cheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1519 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Laurell, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Berlein, Compact Blue-Green Lasers (OSA, 1994).

Cugat, J.

J. Cugat, R. Solé, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, CrystEngComm 13, 2015 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Deepthy, A.

M. N. Satyanarayan, A. Deepthy, and H. L. Bhat, Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 24, 103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Díaz, F.

J. Cugat, R. Solé, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, CrystEngComm 13, 2015 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, A. Peña, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, Opt. Lett. 32, 1929(2007).
[CrossRef]

Douady, J.

Y. Guillen, B. Ménaert, J. P. Fève, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, Opt. Mater. 22, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ferretti, A.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Ferretti, and J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 3608 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fève, J. P.

Y. Guillen, B. Ménaert, J. P. Fève, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, Opt. Mater. 22, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fujimura, M.

T. Suhara and M. Fujimura, Waveguide Nonlinear-Optic Devices (Springer, 2003).

Gashurov, G.

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and Y. S. Liu, Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

Guillen, Y.

Y. Guillen, B. Ménaert, J. P. Fève, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, Opt. Mater. 22, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, W. Y.

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, H.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, and L. K. Cheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1519 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Koch, T. L.

T. L. Koch, F. J. Leonberger, and P. G. Suchoski, Handbook of Optics, Integrated Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1995).

Laubacher, D. B.

J. D. Bierlein, D. B. Laubacher, J. B. Brown, and C. J. van der Poel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1725 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, and L. K. Cheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1519 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Laurell, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Berlein, Compact Blue-Green Lasers (OSA, 1994).

Leonberger, F. J.

T. L. Koch, F. J. Leonberger, and P. G. Suchoski, Handbook of Optics, Integrated Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1995).

Lifante, G.

G. Lifante, Integrated Photonics: Fundamentals (Wiley, 2003).

Liu, Y. S.

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and Y. S. Liu, Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

Mateos, X.

J. Cugat, R. Solé, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, CrystEngComm 13, 2015 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, A. Peña, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, Opt. Lett. 32, 1929(2007).
[CrossRef]

Mayo, S. C.

P. A. Thomas, S. C. Mayo, and B. E. Watts, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. B 48, 401 (1992).
[CrossRef]

McCaffery, A. J.

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahai, and A. J. McCaffery, Electron. Lett. 28, 1478 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ménaert, B.

Y. Guillen, B. Ménaert, J. P. Fève, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, Opt. Mater. 22, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oseledchik, Yu. S.

Yu. S. Oseledchik, A. I. Pisarevsky, A. L. Prosvirnin, V. V. Starshenko, and N. V. Svitanko, Opt. Mater. 3, 237 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pacaud, O.

Y. Guillen, B. Ménaert, J. P. Fève, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, Opt. Mater. 22, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peña, A.

Petrov, V.

Pisarevsky, A. I.

Yu. S. Oseledchik, A. I. Pisarevsky, A. L. Prosvirnin, V. V. Starshenko, and N. V. Svitanko, Opt. Mater. 3, 237 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Prosvirnin, A. L.

Yu. S. Oseledchik, A. I. Pisarevsky, A. L. Prosvirnin, V. V. Starshenko, and N. V. Svitanko, Opt. Mater. 3, 237 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pujol, M. C.

J. Cugat, R. Solé, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, CrystEngComm 13, 2015 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Roelofs, M. G.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Ferretti, and J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 3608 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Satyanarayan, M. N.

M. N. Satyanarayan, A. Deepthy, and H. L. Bhat, Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 24, 103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Segonds, P.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, A. Peña, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, Opt. Lett. 32, 1929(2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guillen, B. Ménaert, J. P. Fève, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, Opt. Mater. 22, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Solé, R.

J. Cugat, R. Solé, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, CrystEngComm 13, 2015 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Starshenko, V. V.

Yu. S. Oseledchik, A. I. Pisarevsky, A. L. Prosvirnin, V. V. Starshenko, and N. V. Svitanko, Opt. Mater. 3, 237 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Suchoski, P. G.

T. L. Koch, F. J. Leonberger, and P. G. Suchoski, Handbook of Optics, Integrated Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1995).

Suhara, T.

T. Suhara and M. Fujimura, Waveguide Nonlinear-Optic Devices (Springer, 2003).

Svitanko, N. V.

Yu. S. Oseledchik, A. I. Pisarevsky, A. L. Prosvirnin, V. V. Starshenko, and N. V. Svitanko, Opt. Mater. 3, 237 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, P. A.

P. A. Thomas, S. C. Mayo, and B. E. Watts, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. B 48, 401 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahai, and A. J. McCaffery, Electron. Lett. 28, 1478 (1992).
[CrossRef]

van der Poel, C. J.

J. D. Bierlein, D. B. Laubacher, J. B. Brown, and C. J. van der Poel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1725 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Vanherzeele, H.

J. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, J. Opt Soc. Am. B 6, 622 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Watts, B. E.

P. A. Thomas, S. C. Mayo, and B. E. Watts, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. B 48, 401 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahai, and A. J. McCaffery, Electron. Lett. 28, 1478 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Acta Crystallogr. Sect. B

P. A. Thomas, S. C. Mayo, and B. E. Watts, Acta Crystallogr. Sect. B 48, 401 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. D. Bierlein, D. B. Laubacher, J. B. Brown, and C. J. van der Poel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1725 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, and L. K. Cheng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1519 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, A. Ferretti, L. H. Brixner, and W. Y. Hsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1216 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci.

M. N. Satyanarayan, A. Deepthy, and H. L. Bhat, Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 24, 103 (1999).
[CrossRef]

CrystEngComm

J. Cugat, R. Solé, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, F. Díaz, and M. Aguiló, CrystEngComm 13, 2015 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

L. Zhang, P. J. Chandler, P. D. Townsend, Z. T. Alwahai, and A. J. McCaffery, Electron. Lett. 28, 1478 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

M. G. Roelofs, A. Ferretti, and J. D. Bierlein, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 3608 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt Soc. Am. B

J. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, J. Opt Soc. Am. B 6, 622 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus

R. F. Belt, G. Gashurov, and Y. S. Liu, Laser Focus 21, 110 (1985).

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

Yu. S. Oseledchik, A. I. Pisarevsky, A. L. Prosvirnin, V. V. Starshenko, and N. V. Svitanko, Opt. Mater. 3, 237 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guillen, B. Ménaert, J. P. Fève, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, Opt. Mater. 22, 155 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. Lifante, Integrated Photonics: Fundamentals (Wiley, 2003).

T. Suhara and M. Fujimura, Waveguide Nonlinear-Optic Devices (Springer, 2003).

F. Laurell, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Berlein, Compact Blue-Green Lasers (OSA, 1994).

T. L. Koch, F. J. Leonberger, and P. G. Suchoski, Handbook of Optics, Integrated Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1995).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Ti channels pattern on an RTP substrate and scheme of the position of the mask in relation with the substrate.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission microscope image of a polished end face of the sample where the profile of the diffusion can be observed.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

CCD images of the excited modes at 972 nm. The modes correspond to the TM00, TM01 and TM11 mode orders.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Type II SHG in an 11 μm channel width. The fundamental radiation was at 1025 nm and the second harmonic radiation was at 512.5 nm.

Metrics