Abstract

Transmission filters for the terahertz domain having a shaped bandpass have been modeled and demonstrated. The filter designs were based on the desired filter type and bandwidth, and implemented by cascading quarter wave phase shifted fiber Bragg gratings written in Topas polymer subwavelength fiber. As an example, a 5-pole Chebyshev filter with <3GHz bandwidth was designed and fabricated. Experimental and simulated results are in good agreement.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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2012

S. F. Zhou, L. Reekie, H. P. Chan, Y. T. Chow, P. S. Chung, and K. M. Luk, Opt. Express 20, 9564 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Zhou, L. Reekie, Y. T. Chow, H. P. Chan, and K. M. Luk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1875 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2008

C. Jastrow, K. Mnter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Krner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, Electron. Lett. 44, 213 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, G. Dale, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S266 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

P. H. Siegel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 52, 2438 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

1997

L. Wei and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1405 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

V. V. Wong, J. Ferrera, J. N. Damask, T. E. Murphy, H. I. Smith, and H. A. Haus, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 2859 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Zengerle and O. Leminger, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1987

1986

R. C. Alferness, M. D. Joyner, M. D. Divino, M. J. R. Martyak, and L. L. Bull, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 126 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1977

H. A. Haus and T. Kleine-Ostmann, Electron. Lett. 13, 445 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Alferness, R. C.

R. C. Alferness, M. D. Joyner, M. D. Divino, M. J. R. Martyak, and L. L. Bull, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 126 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Barat, R.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, G. Dale, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S266 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bull, L. L.

R. C. Alferness, M. D. Joyner, M. D. Divino, M. J. R. Martyak, and L. L. Bull, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 126 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Chan, H. P.

S. F. Zhou, L. Reekie, H. P. Chan, Y. T. Chow, P. S. Chung, and K. M. Luk, Opt. Express 20, 9564 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Zhou, L. Reekie, Y. T. Chow, H. P. Chan, and K. M. Luk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1875 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chow, Y. T.

S. F. Zhou, L. Reekie, H. P. Chan, Y. T. Chow, P. S. Chung, and K. M. Luk, Opt. Express 20, 9564 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Zhou, L. Reekie, Y. T. Chow, H. P. Chan, and K. M. Luk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1875 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chung, P. S.

Dale, G.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, G. Dale, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S266 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Damask, J. N.

V. V. Wong, J. Ferrera, J. N. Damask, T. E. Murphy, H. I. Smith, and H. A. Haus, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 2859 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Divino, M. D.

R. C. Alferness, M. D. Joyner, M. D. Divino, M. J. R. Martyak, and L. L. Bull, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 126 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Federici, J. F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, G. Dale, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S266 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ferrera, J.

V. V. Wong, J. Ferrera, J. N. Damask, T. E. Murphy, H. I. Smith, and H. A. Haus, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 2859 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

V. V. Wong, J. Ferrera, J. N. Damask, T. E. Murphy, H. I. Smith, and H. A. Haus, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 2859 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus and T. Kleine-Ostmann, Electron. Lett. 13, 445 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J. S.

J. S. Hong and M. J. Lancaster, Microstrip Filters for RF/Microwave Applications (Wiley, 2001).

Huang, F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, G. Dale, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S266 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jastrow, C.

C. Jastrow, K. Mnter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Krner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, Electron. Lett. 44, 213 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jones, E. M. T.

G. L. Matthaei, L. Young, and E. M. T. Jones, Microwave Filters, Impedance Matching Networks and Coupling Structures (Artech House, 1980).

Joyner, M. D.

R. C. Alferness, M. D. Joyner, M. D. Divino, M. J. R. Martyak, and L. L. Bull, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 126 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings2nd ed. (Academic, 2010).

Kleine-Ostmann, T.

C. Jastrow, K. Mnter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Krner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, Electron. Lett. 44, 213 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus and T. Kleine-Ostmann, Electron. Lett. 13, 445 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Koch, M.

C. Jastrow, K. Mnter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Krner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, Electron. Lett. 44, 213 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krner, T.

C. Jastrow, K. Mnter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Krner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, Electron. Lett. 44, 213 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lancaster, M. J.

J. S. Hong and M. J. Lancaster, Microstrip Filters for RF/Microwave Applications (Wiley, 2001).

Leminger, O.

R. Zengerle and O. Leminger, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lit, J. W. Y.

L. Wei and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1405 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Luk, K. M.

S. F. Zhou, L. Reekie, Y. T. Chow, H. P. Chan, and K. M. Luk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1875 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Zhou, L. Reekie, H. P. Chan, Y. T. Chow, P. S. Chung, and K. M. Luk, Opt. Express 20, 9564 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

Martyak, M. J. R.

R. C. Alferness, M. D. Joyner, M. D. Divino, M. J. R. Martyak, and L. L. Bull, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 126 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Matthaei, G. L.

G. L. Matthaei, L. Young, and E. M. T. Jones, Microwave Filters, Impedance Matching Networks and Coupling Structures (Artech House, 1980).

Melloni, A.

Mnter, K.

C. Jastrow, K. Mnter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Krner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, Electron. Lett. 44, 213 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, T. E.

V. V. Wong, J. Ferrera, J. N. Damask, T. E. Murphy, H. I. Smith, and H. A. Haus, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 2859 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nagatsuma, T.

H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oliveira, F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, G. Dale, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S266 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Piesiewicz, R.

C. Jastrow, K. Mnter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Krner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, Electron. Lett. 44, 213 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Redo-Sanchez, A.

Reekie, L.

S. F. Zhou, L. Reekie, Y. T. Chow, H. P. Chan, and K. M. Luk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1875 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Zhou, L. Reekie, H. P. Chan, Y. T. Chow, P. S. Chung, and K. M. Luk, Opt. Express 20, 9564 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sakuda, S.

Schulkin, B.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, G. Dale, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S266 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, P. H.

P. H. Siegel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 52, 2438 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H. I.

V. V. Wong, J. Ferrera, J. N. Damask, T. E. Murphy, H. I. Smith, and H. A. Haus, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 2859 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Song, H. J.

H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wei, L.

L. Wei and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1405 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wong, V. V.

V. V. Wong, J. Ferrera, J. N. Damask, T. E. Murphy, H. I. Smith, and H. A. Haus, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 2859 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

Young, L.

G. L. Matthaei, L. Young, and E. M. T. Jones, Microwave Filters, Impedance Matching Networks and Coupling Structures (Artech House, 1980).

Zengerle, R.

R. Zengerle and O. Leminger, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. C.

Zhong, H.

Zhou, S. F.

S. F. Zhou, L. Reekie, H. P. Chan, Y. T. Chow, P. S. Chung, and K. M. Luk, Opt. Express 20, 9564 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Zhou, L. Reekie, Y. T. Chow, H. P. Chan, and K. M. Luk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1875 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zimdars, D.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, G. Dale, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S266 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. C. Alferness, M. D. Joyner, M. D. Divino, M. J. R. Martyak, and L. L. Bull, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 126 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

C. Jastrow, K. Mnter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Krner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, Electron. Lett. 44, 213 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus and T. Kleine-Ostmann, Electron. Lett. 13, 445 (1977).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. F. Zhou, L. Reekie, Y. T. Chow, H. P. Chan, and K. M. Luk, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1875 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech.

P. H. Siegel, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 52, 2438 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.

H. J. Song and T. Nagatsuma, IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. 1, 256 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

R. Zengerle and O. Leminger, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2354 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Wei and J. W. Y. Lit, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1405 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Melloni and M. Martinelli, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 296 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B

V. V. Wong, J. Ferrera, J. N. Damask, T. E. Murphy, H. I. Smith, and H. A. Haus, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 2859 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Semicond. Sci. Technol.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, G. Dale, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S266 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings2nd ed. (Academic, 2010).

J. S. Hong and M. J. Lancaster, Microstrip Filters for RF/Microwave Applications (Wiley, 2001).

G. L. Matthaei, L. Young, and E. M. T. Jones, Microwave Filters, Impedance Matching Networks and Coupling Structures (Artech House, 1980).

http://www.topas.com/ .

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Conceptual diagram of coupled resonator filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Configuration for extracting k and (b) transmission spectrum.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Configuration for Qe extraction and (b) typical group delay and phase of the reflection spectrum.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Extracted values of Qe and k.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Simulated results with an FBW of 0.75%.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Photograph of the fabricated filter, (b) microscopic picture of the phase shift section, and (c) measured results.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ki=FBW(gi×gi+1)1/2,
Qe=g0×g1FBW.
k=f22f12f22+f12,
Qe=f0f90f+90,

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