Abstract

We report a novel passively Q-switched 2 μm Tm3+ fiber laser simply by distributed stimulated Brillouin scattering with an all-fiber configuration. The maximum output power is 2.49 W with an optical-to-optical slope efficiency of 12%, and the laser wavelength is centered at 1991nm with a spectral width of >10nm. The single pulse energy can be over 50 μJ with a pulse width of about 20 ns, and the pulse repetition rate can be tuned from several kilohertz to tens of kilohertz by changing the pump power. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest-average-power passively Q-switched 2 μm Tm3+ fiber laser in the nanosecond regime.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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Agrawal, G. P.

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Alam, S. U.

Ania-Castanon, J. D.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Babin, S. A.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Becker, M.

Bennetts, S.

Blondel, M.

Boswetter, P.

Bradford, J. D.

Chen, W.

Y. L. Tang, J. Q. Xu, W. Chen, and S. Y. Li, Chin. Phys. Lett. 27, 104207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. J.

Chernikov, S. V.

Chernov, A. I.

Churkin, D. V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

Dickinson, B. C.

B. C. Dickinson, S. D. Jackson, and T. A. King, Opt. Commun. 182, 199 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eichhorn, M.

Elliot, J.

El-Sherif, A. F.

El-Taher, A. E.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fan, D. Y.

F. Wang, D. Y. Shen, D. Y. Fan, and Q. S. Lu, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 450 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fotiadi, A. A.

Gapontsev, V. P.

Geng, J.

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371W (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gilles, H.

Girard, S.

Grudinin, A. B.

Hang, Y.

Y. Tang, Y. Yang, J. Xu, and Y. Hang, Opt. Commun. 281, 5588 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harper, P.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Haub, J.

Heidt, A. M.

Hemming, A.

Ibsen, M.

Jackson, S. D.

Jansen, F.

Jauregui, C.

Jiang, M.

Jiang, S.

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371W (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ju, Y. L.

Kablukov, S. I.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, B.

King, T. A.

F. Z. Qamar and T. A. King, Opt. Commun. 248, 501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. F. El-Sherif and T. A. King, Opt. Lett. 28, 22 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Dickinson, S. D. Jackson, and T. A. King, Opt. Commun. 182, 199 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Konov, V. I.

Kramer, R. G.

Laroche, M.

Li, S. Y.

Y. L. Tang, J. Q. Xu, W. Chen, and S. Y. Li, Chin. Phys. Lett. 27, 104207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Limpert, J.

Lobach, A. S.

Lu, Q. S.

F. Wang, D. Y. Shen, D. Y. Fan, and Q. S. Lu, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 450 (2010).
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Luo, T.

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Peyghambarian, N.

Phelan, R.

Pirson, A. C.

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S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Porta, J.

Qamar, F. Z.

F. Z. Qamar and T. A. King, Opt. Commun. 248, 501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Richardson, M.

Rothhardt, M.

Sahu, J.

Shah, L.

Shardlow, P. C.

Sharp, R. C.

Shen, D. Y.

F. Wang, D. Y. Shen, D. Y. Fan, and Q. S. Lu, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 450 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W.

Simakov, N.

Sincore, A.

Solodyankin, M. A.

Spock, D. E.

Stutzki, F.

Tang, Y.

Y. Tang and J. Xu, Appl. Phys. Express 5, 072702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Yang, J. Xu, and Y. Hang, Opt. Commun. 281, 5588 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y. L.

Y. L. Tang, L. Xu, Y. Yang, and J. Q. Xu, Opt. Express 18, 22964 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Tang, J. Q. Xu, W. Chen, and S. Y. Li, Chin. Phys. Lett. 27, 104207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tausenev, A. V.

Tayebati, P.

Taylor, J. R.

Thomas, J.

Tian, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Tian, W. Wang, and B. Yao, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 225 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Voigtlander, C.

Wang, F.

F. Wang, D. Y. Shen, D. Y. Fan, and Q. S. Lu, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 450 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371W (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Y. Zhang, Y. Tian, W. Wang, and B. Yao, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 225 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. Z.

Willis, C. C. C.

Xu, J.

Y. Tang and J. Xu, Appl. Phys. Express 5, 072702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Yang, J. Xu, and Y. Hang, Opt. Commun. 281, 5588 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J. Q.

Y. L. Tang, L. Xu, Y. Yang, and J. Q. Xu, Opt. Express 18, 22964 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Tang, J. Q. Xu, W. Chen, and S. Y. Li, Chin. Phys. Lett. 27, 104207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

Yang, Y.

Y. L. Tang, L. Xu, Y. Yang, and J. Q. Xu, Opt. Express 18, 22964 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Yang, J. Xu, and Y. Hang, Opt. Commun. 281, 5588 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yao, B.

Y. Zhang, Y. Tian, W. Wang, and B. Yao, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 225 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yao, B. Q.

Yao, Z.

Yu, J.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Tian, W. Wang, and B. Yao, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 225 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. J.

Zhu, Y.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

Y. Tang and J. Xu, Appl. Phys. Express 5, 072702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. L. Tang, J. Q. Xu, W. Chen, and S. Y. Li, Chin. Phys. Lett. 27, 104207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Zhang, Y. Tian, W. Wang, and B. Yao, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 225 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, D. Y. Shen, D. Y. Fan, and Q. S. Lu, Laser Phys. Lett. 7, 450 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photonics 4, 231 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

B. C. Dickinson, S. D. Jackson, and T. A. King, Opt. Commun. 182, 199 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Z. Qamar and T. A. King, Opt. Commun. 248, 501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Yang, J. Xu, and Y. Hang, Opt. Commun. 281, 5588 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (14)

Proc. SPIE (1)

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371W (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

http://www.qpeak.com/Aboutus/news.shtml .

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, Elsevier, 2007).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, Elsevier, 2007), p. 330.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the passively Q-switched TDFL. LD: laser diode. Output from left-hand side is denoted as P1, and that from the right-hand side (the angle end of the UHNA fiber) is denoted as P2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output of the Q-switched TDFL. Solid lines connected the data dots are for guiding the eye.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Laser pulse train of the Q-switched TDFL at various average power levels of P1.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Laser pulsing characteristics of the Q-switched TDFL as a function of launched pump power. Inset shows the single pulse shape at 2.43 W output level. Dots are measured data, and all lines are just for guiding the eye.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Laser spectra of the Q-switched TDFL from fiber ends P1 (a) and (b) and P2 (c) at two pump levels of 10 and 16.4 W.

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