Abstract

We demonstrate spectral coherent beam combining of two femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplifiers seeded by a common oscillator. Using active phase stabilization based on an electro-optic phase modulator, an average power of 10 W before compression and a high gain factor of 30 dB are obtained. At this gain value, 130 fs pulses with a spectral width of 19 nm can be generated, highlighting the strong potential of pulse synthesis for the reduction of the minimum duration of ultrashort pulses in fiber chirped-pulse amplifiers.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

2012

D. Mortag, T. Theeg, K. Hausmann, L. Grüner-Nielsen, K. G. Jespersen, U. Morgner, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, and J. Neumann, Opt. Commun. 285, 706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Daniault, M. Hanna, L. Lombard, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, D. Goular, P. Bourdon, F. Druon, and P. Georges, Opt. Lett. 36, 621 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

2008

2007

L. Kuznetova, F. W. Wise, S. Kane, and J. Squier, Appl. Phys. B 88, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

1985

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Baker, J. T.

T. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barthélémy, A.

Benham, V.

T. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bhardwaj, S.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

Birge, J. R.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boullet, J.

Bourdon, P.

Bouwmans, G.

Cerullo, G.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.-Z.

Chen, L.-J.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chong, A.

Cirmi, G.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cormier, E.

Daniault, L.

Desfarges-Berthelemot, A.

Druon, F.

Eggleton, B. J.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eidam, T.

Fermann, M. E.

Galvanauskas, A.

Georges, P.

Goular, D.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

D. Mortag, T. Theeg, K. Hausmann, L. Grüner-Nielsen, K. G. Jespersen, U. Morgner, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, and J. Neumann, Opt. Commun. 285, 706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, M.

Hartl, I.

Hausmann, K.

D. Mortag, T. Theeg, K. Hausmann, L. Grüner-Nielsen, K. G. Jespersen, U. Morgner, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, and J. Neumann, Opt. Commun. 285, 706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hong, K.-H.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S.-W.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jespersen, K. G.

D. Mortag, T. Theeg, K. Hausmann, L. Grüner-Nielsen, K. G. Jespersen, U. Morgner, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, and J. Neumann, Opt. Commun. 285, 706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kane, S.

L. Kuznetova, F. W. Wise, S. Kane, and J. Squier, Appl. Phys. B 88, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kermene, V.

Klenke, A.

Kracht, D.

D. Mortag, T. Theeg, K. Hausmann, L. Grüner-Nielsen, K. G. Jespersen, U. Morgner, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, and J. Neumann, Opt. Commun. 285, 706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetova, L.

L. Kuznetova, F. W. Wise, S. Kane, and J. Squier, Appl. Phys. B 88, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsova, L.

Labat, D.

Le Rouge, A.

Limpert, J.

Lombard, L.

Lu, C. A.

T. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mansuryan, T.

Marcinkevicius, A.

Morgner, U.

D. Mortag, T. Theeg, K. Hausmann, L. Grüner-Nielsen, K. G. Jespersen, U. Morgner, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, and J. Neumann, Opt. Commun. 285, 706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mortag, D.

D. Mortag, T. Theeg, K. Hausmann, L. Grüner-Nielsen, K. G. Jespersen, U. Morgner, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, and J. Neumann, Opt. Commun. 285, 706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Moses, J.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mottay, E.

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, J.

D. Mortag, T. Theeg, K. Hausmann, L. Grüner-Nielsen, K. G. Jespersen, U. Morgner, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, and J. Neumann, Opt. Commun. 285, 706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pilkington, D.

T. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rigaud, P.

Ruehl, A.

Sanchez, A. D.

T. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schimpf, D. N.

Seise, E.

Shay, T.

T. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Siiman, L. A.

Squier, J.

L. Kuznetova, F. W. Wise, S. Kane, and J. Squier, Appl. Phys. B 88, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Theeg, T.

D. Mortag, T. Theeg, K. Hausmann, L. Grüner-Nielsen, K. G. Jespersen, U. Morgner, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, and J. Neumann, Opt. Commun. 285, 706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Wandt, D.

D. Mortag, T. Theeg, K. Hausmann, L. Grüner-Nielsen, K. G. Jespersen, U. Morgner, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, and J. Neumann, Opt. Commun. 285, 706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

L. Kuznetova, F. W. Wise, S. Kane, and J. Squier, Appl. Phys. B 88, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, L. Kuznetsova, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 13, 4869 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zaouter, Y.

Zhou, S.

Zhou, T.

Appl. Phys. B

L. Kuznetova, F. W. Wise, S. Kane, and J. Squier, Appl. Phys. B 88, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

T. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, D. Pilkington, and C. A. Lu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 480 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. Mortag, T. Theeg, K. Hausmann, L. Grüner-Nielsen, K. G. Jespersen, U. Morgner, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, and J. Neumann, Opt. Commun. 285, 706 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the pulse synthesis experiment. DM1-1: dichroïc mirror (HR: 1000–1035 nm). ϕth: nth phase order term correction.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Photodiode signal as a function of time in free-running and phase-locked operation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Combined, uncombined, and compressed average power and coherent combining efficiency as a function of pump power at 35 MHz repetition rate. (b) Spectrum FWHM evolution for different gain levels in the two-channel (red curve) and one-channel (green curve) configurations.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Experimental stretched, combined, and separately amplified arm spectra at 10 W combined average power together with the output spectrum in single amplifier configuration. (b) Autocorrelation trace of both arms and combined pulse.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Retrieved temporal profile at maximum combined power. (b) Corresponding experimental and retrieved autocorrelation trace. (c) Retrieved spectrum and spectral phase together with the experimental spectrum at maximum combined power. (d) Corresponding measured (top) and retrieved (bottom) FROG traces.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Output combined beam profile. Insert: Caustic of the output combined beam.

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