Abstract

We investigate theoretically the benefits of using all-optical phase regeneration in a long-haul fiber optic link. We also introduce a design for a device capable of phase regeneration without phase-to-amplitude noise conversion. We simulate numerically the bit-error rate of a wavelength division multiplexed optical communication system over many fiber spans with periodic reamplification and compare the results obtained with and without phase regeneration at half the transmission distance when using the new design or an existing design. Depending on the modulation format, our results suggest that all-optical phase regeneration can reduce the bit-error rate by up to two orders of magnitude and that the amplitude preserving design offers a 50% reduction in bit-error rate relative to existing technology.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, Nat. Photonics 7, 560 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, and H. Takenouchi, Opt. Express 21, 12077 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

2011

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, Opt. Express 19, B938 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Lavery, C. Behrens, and S. J. Savory, Opt. Express 19, B836 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

P. Minzioni, V. Pusino, I. Cristiani, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 284 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

R. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 163901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

K. Thyagarajan and B. P. Pal, J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 4, 173 (2007).

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Onishchukov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 146 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

Akasaka, Y.

J. Yang, Y. Akasaka, and M. Sekiyaet, in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2013), pp. 1–3.

Andrekson, P. A.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

Behrens, C.

Bogris, A.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, M. Sköld, M. Westlund, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMT4.

Chandrasekhar, S.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, Nat. Photonics 7, 560 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, Nat. Photonics 7, 560 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Cristiani, I.

P. Minzioni, V. Pusino, I. Cristiani, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 284 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Croussore, K.

Cvecek, K.

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Onishchukov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 146 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Degiorgio, V.

P. Minzioni, V. Pusino, I. Cristiani, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 284 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, Opt. Express 19, B938 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Essiambre, R.

R. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 163901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Farahmand, F.

Foschini, G. J.

R. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 163901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Frascella, P.

Gallo, K.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, Opt. Express 19, B938 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.

Herstrøm, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ibrahim, S. K.

Jakobsen, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ji, F.

Jue, J. P.

Kakande, J.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 17, 20393 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, M. Sköld, M. Westlund, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMT4.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW1I.3.

Kim, C.

Kim, I.

Kramer, G.

R. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 163901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lavery, D.

Lee, K. J.

Leuchs, G.

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Onishchukov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 146 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Stiller, G. Onishchukov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics - International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/IQEC), CLEO Munich CI-P.14 (2013).

Li, G.

Liu, S.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, Nat. Photonics 7, 560 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lundström, C.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marazzi, L.

P. Minzioni, V. Pusino, I. Cristiani, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 284 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

P. Minzioni, V. Pusino, I. Cristiani, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 284 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Minzioni, P.

P. Minzioni, V. Pusino, I. Cristiani, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 284 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O’Gorman, J.

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, Opt. Express 19, B938 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Onishchukov, G.

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Onishchukov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 146 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Stiller, G. Onishchukov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics - International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/IQEC), CLEO Munich CI-P.14 (2013).

Pal, B. P.

K. Thyagarajan and B. P. Pal, J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 4, 173 (2007).

Parmigiani, F.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 17, 20393 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW1I.3.

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, M. Sköld, M. Westlund, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMT4.

Petropoulos, P.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 17, 20393 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, M. Sköld, M. Westlund, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMT4.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW1I.3.

Phelan, R.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, Opt. Express 19, B938 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pusino, V.

P. Minzioni, V. Pusino, I. Cristiani, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, and V. Degiorgio, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 284 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

Richardson, D. J.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 17, 20393 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW1I.3.

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, M. Sköld, M. Westlund, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMT4.

Savory, S. J.

Schmauss, B.

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Onishchukov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 146 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Stiller, G. Onishchukov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics - International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/IQEC), CLEO Munich CI-P.14 (2013).

Sekiyaet, M.

J. Yang, Y. Akasaka, and M. Sekiyaet, in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2013), pp. 1–3.

Sjödin, M.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sköld, M.

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, M. Sköld, M. Westlund, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMT4.

Slavik, R.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW1I.3.

Slavík, R.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, M. Sköld, M. Westlund, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMT4.

Sponsel, K.

K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, G. Onishchukov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 146 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stiller, B.

B. Stiller, G. Onishchukov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics - International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/IQEC), CLEO Munich CI-P.14 (2013).

Sygletos, S.

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, Opt. Express 19, B938 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Syvridis, D.

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, M. Sköld, M. Westlund, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMT4.

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X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, Nat. Photonics 7, 560 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Umeki, T.

Weerasuriya, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Westlund, M.

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, M. Sköld, M. Westlund, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMT4.

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X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, Nat. Photonics 7, 560 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, Y. Akasaka, and M. Sekiyaet, in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2013), pp. 1–3.

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Zhu, Z.

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[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep.

K. Thyagarajan and B. P. Pal, J. Opt. Fiber. Commun. Rep. 4, 173 (2007).

Nat. Photonics

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 4, 690 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 748 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, A. R. Chraplyvy, P. J. Winzer, R. W. Tkach, and S. Chandrasekhar, Nat. Photonics 7, 560 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. Essiambre, G. J. Foschini, G. Kramer, and P. J. Winzer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 163901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. Yang, Y. Akasaka, and M. Sekiyaet, in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2013), pp. 1–3.

B. Stiller, G. Onishchukov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics - International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/IQEC), CLEO Munich CI-P.14 (2013).

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, M. Sköld, M. Westlund, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OMT4.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW1I.3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Phase and (b) amplitude transfer as a function of signal input phase [blue-dashed line, Eq. (1): m1=0.33, M=4; red solid line, Eq. (2): m2=0.14, M=4]. In Eq. (2) the amplitude is flat for a small sacrifice in the phase step width.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Proposed regenerator. (b) FWM of harmonics (H), signal (S), and pumps (P) in HNLF 2. [Red highlights are for Eq. (2)].

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a)–(c) Q-PSK constellation diagrams at 3, 2.57, and 3dBm, respectively (top row: post regeneration). (d), (e) Phase and normalized amplitude error variances [black circle, bypass; blue triangle, Eq. (1); red square, Eq. (2)]. (f) Corresponding BER. [Eq. (1), m1=0.33; Eq. (2), m2=0.14].

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a)–(c) 8-PSK constellation diagrams at 1.6, 1.14, and 0.71dBm, respectively (top row: post regeneration). (d), (e) Phase and normalized amplitude error variances [black circle, bypass; blue triangle, Eq. (1); red square, Eq. (2)]. (f) Corresponding BER. [Eq. (1), m1=0.22; Eq. (2), m2=0.1].

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Star 8-QAM BER [black circle, bypass; blue triangle, Eq. (1); red square, Eq. (2)]; phase/amplitude error variances omitted for clarity. (b)–(d) Constellation diagrams at 1.57, 1.14, and 1.57dBm, respectively (top row: post regeneration). Parameters: Eq. (1), m1=0.33; Eq. (2), m2=0.14.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Aouteiϕouteiϕin+m1ei(M1)ϕin,
Aouteiϕouteiϕin+m2ei(M1)ϕinm2ei(M+1)ϕin.

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