Abstract

We report control of the spectral and noise properties of spontaneous modulation instability (MI) in optical fiber using an incoherent seed with power at the 106 level relative to the pump. We sweep the seed wavelength across the MI gain band, and observe significant enhancement of MI bandwidth and improvement in the signal-to-noise ratio as the seed coincides with the MI gain peak. We also vary the seed bandwidth and find a reduced effect on the MI spectrum as the seed coherence decreases. Stochastic nonlinear Schrödinger equation simulations of spectral and noise properties are in excellent agreement with experiment.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, and A. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 135 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. J. Greer, D. M. Patrick, P. G. J. Wigley, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 25, 1246 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 5th ed. (Academic, 2012).
  4. D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, G. Millot, G. Genty, B. Wetzel, N. Akhmediev, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 463 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Genty and J. M. Dudley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1331 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Genty, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. B 94, 187 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, U. Møller, P. M. Moselund, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2875 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Q. Li, F. Li, K. K. Y. Wong, A. P. T. Lau, K. K. Tsia, and P. K. A. Wai, Opt. Express 19, 13757 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. K. Y. Cheung, C. Zhang, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, Opt. Lett. 36, 160 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. V. Dylov and J. W. Fleischer, Opt. Lett. 35, 2149 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Chen, J. Klinger, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 66, 066601 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. D. Drummond and J. F. Corney, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 139 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2012 (4)

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, G. Millot, G. Genty, B. Wetzel, N. Akhmediev, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, U. Møller, P. M. Moselund, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2875 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

G. Genty and J. M. Dudley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. B 94, 187 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Z. Chen, J. Klinger, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 66, 066601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

E. J. Greer, D. M. Patrick, P. G. J. Wigley, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 25, 1246 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, and A. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 5th ed. (Academic, 2012).

Akhmediev, N.

B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, G. Millot, G. Genty, B. Wetzel, N. Akhmediev, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

Ben Salem, A.

Chen, Z.

Z. Chen, J. Klinger, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 66, 066601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, K. K. Y.

Christodoulides, D. N.

Z. Chen, J. Klinger, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 66, 066601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Corney, J. F.

Dias, F.

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, G. Millot, G. Genty, B. Wetzel, N. Akhmediev, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Drummond, P. D.

Dudley, J. M.

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, G. Millot, G. Genty, B. Wetzel, N. Akhmediev, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty and J. M. Dudley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. B 94, 187 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dylov, D. V.

Eggleton, B. J.

G. Genty, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. B 94, 187 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eugenieva, E.

D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fatome, J.

B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, G. Millot, G. Genty, B. Wetzel, N. Akhmediev, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Finot, C.

B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, G. Millot, G. Genty, B. Wetzel, N. Akhmediev, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fleischer, J. W.

Genty, G.

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, G. Millot, G. Genty, B. Wetzel, N. Akhmediev, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. B 94, 187 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty and J. M. Dudley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Godin, T.

Greer, E. J.

E. J. Greer, D. M. Patrick, P. G. J. Wigley, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 25, 1246 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, A.

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, and A. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Herink, G.

D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jalali, B.

D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kibler, B.

B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, G. Millot, G. Genty, B. Wetzel, N. Akhmediev, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kip, D.

D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Klinger, J.

Z. Chen, J. Klinger, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 66, 066601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koonath, P.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kudlinski, A.

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lacourt, P. A.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Larger, L.

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Larsen, C.

Lau, A. P. T.

Li, F.

Li, Q.

Merolla, J. M.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Millot, G.

B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, G. Millot, G. Genty, B. Wetzel, N. Akhmediev, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Møller, U.

Moselund, P. M.

Mussot, A.

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Patrick, D. M.

E. J. Greer, D. M. Patrick, P. G. J. Wigley, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 25, 1246 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ropers, C.

D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Segev, M.

D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Soljacic, M.

D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Solli, D. R.

D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sørensen, S. T.

Stefani, A.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sylvestre, T.

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tai, K.

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, and A. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

E. J. Greer, D. M. Patrick, P. G. J. Wigley, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 25, 1246 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, C. L.

Tomita, A.

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, and A. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Tsia, K. K.

Wai, P. K. A.

Wetzel, B.

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, G. Millot, G. Genty, B. Wetzel, N. Akhmediev, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wigley, P. G. J.

E. J. Greer, D. M. Patrick, P. G. J. Wigley, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 25, 1246 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. K. Y.

Zghal, M.

Zhang, C.

Zhou, Y.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

G. Genty, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, Appl. Phys. B 94, 187 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

E. J. Greer, D. M. Patrick, P. G. J. Wigley, and J. R. Taylor, Electron. Lett. 25, 1246 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Genty and J. M. Dudley, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

Z. Chen, J. Klinger, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 66, 066601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

K. Tai, A. Hasegawa, and A. Tomita, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 135 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Rep. (2)

B. Kibler, J. Fatome, C. Finot, G. Millot, G. Genty, B. Wetzel, N. Akhmediev, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. Kip, M. Soljacic, M. Segev, E. Eugenieva, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 290, 495 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 5th ed. (Academic, 2012).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup. DCF, dispersion compensating fiber; PC, polarization controller; WS, waveshaper.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulation results: MI spectra for (a) no seed, (b) CW seed, (c) 1 nm bandwidth ASE seed. Individual realizations are shown in gray, average in black. Upper panels show second-order spectral coherence and Cv.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) MI spectral profiles as ASE seed wavelength is varied. The MI gain curve is shown on the center. (b) Experimental average spectra (solid) and numerical results (dashed) for unseeded (top) and for a 1531 nm seed (bottom). (c) Seed wavelength dependence of 30dB MI bandwidth (top) and Cv at 1580 nm (bottom).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental results showing the variation with ASE seed bandwidth of (top) 30dB MI bandwidth and (bottom) Cv at the seed central wavelength.

Metrics