Abstract

A new microwave photonic mixer that can achieve a high conversion efficiency is presented. It is based on using the stimulated Brillouin scattering loss spectrum to suppress the optical carrier at the output of two optical phase modulators driven by the RF signal and the LO, respectively. Experimental results are presented, which demonstrate a high conversion efficiency of 11.3 dB corresponding to over 26 dB improvement compared to the conventional dual-series Mach–Zehnder modulator based microwave photonic mixer, and wide bandwidth of 0.2 to 20 GHz mixing operation.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, and C. H. Bulmer, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 41, 2383 (1993).
  2. C. K. Sun, R. J. Orazi, and S. A. Pappert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 154 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. M. Howerton, R. P. Moeller, G. K. Gopalakrishnan, and W. K. Burns, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1692 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Helkey, J. C. Twichell, and C. Cox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 956 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. R. O’Connor, M. C. Gross, M. L. Dennis, and T. R. Clark, IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009).
  6. B. M. Haas and T. E. Murphy, IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009).
  7. E. H. W. Chan and R. A. Minasian, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3580 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. E. Manka, IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2008).
  9. A. Loayssa, D. Benito, and M. J. Garde, Opt. Fiber Technol. 8, 24 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2311 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. S. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1382 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. S. Park, C. G. Lee, and C. S. Park, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 777 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2012

2007

C. S. Park, C. G. Lee, and C. S. Park, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 777 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2002

A. Loayssa, D. Benito, and M. J. Garde, Opt. Fiber Technol. 8, 24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

X. S. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1382 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

R. Helkey, J. C. Twichell, and C. Cox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 956 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

C. K. Sun, R. J. Orazi, and S. A. Pappert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 154 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Howerton, R. P. Moeller, G. K. Gopalakrishnan, and W. K. Burns, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1692 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, and C. H. Bulmer, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 41, 2383 (1993).

Benito, D.

A. Loayssa, D. Benito, and M. J. Garde, Opt. Fiber Technol. 8, 24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bulmer, C. H.

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, and C. H. Bulmer, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 41, 2383 (1993).

Burns, W. K.

M. M. Howerton, R. P. Moeller, G. K. Gopalakrishnan, and W. K. Burns, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1692 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, and C. H. Bulmer, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 41, 2383 (1993).

Chan, E. H. W.

Clark, T. R.

S. R. O’Connor, M. C. Gross, M. L. Dennis, and T. R. Clark, IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009).

Cox, C.

R. Helkey, J. C. Twichell, and C. Cox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 956 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, M. L.

S. R. O’Connor, M. C. Gross, M. L. Dennis, and T. R. Clark, IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009).

Garde, M. J.

A. Loayssa, D. Benito, and M. J. Garde, Opt. Fiber Technol. 8, 24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gopalakrishnan, G. K.

M. M. Howerton, R. P. Moeller, G. K. Gopalakrishnan, and W. K. Burns, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1692 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, and C. H. Bulmer, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 41, 2383 (1993).

Gross, M. C.

S. R. O’Connor, M. C. Gross, M. L. Dennis, and T. R. Clark, IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009).

Haas, B. M.

B. M. Haas and T. E. Murphy, IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009).

Helkey, R.

R. Helkey, J. C. Twichell, and C. Cox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 956 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Howerton, M. M.

M. M. Howerton, R. P. Moeller, G. K. Gopalakrishnan, and W. K. Burns, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1692 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Izutsu, M.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, T.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knight, G. A.

A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, K.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. G.

C. S. Park, C. G. Lee, and C. S. Park, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 777 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lindsay, A. C.

A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Loayssa, A.

A. Loayssa, D. Benito, and M. J. Garde, Opt. Fiber Technol. 8, 24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Manka, M. E.

M. E. Manka, IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2008).

Minasian, R. A.

Mitsugi, N.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moeller, R. P.

M. M. Howerton, R. P. Moeller, G. K. Gopalakrishnan, and W. K. Burns, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1692 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, T. E.

B. M. Haas and T. E. Murphy, IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009).

O’Connor, S. R.

S. R. O’Connor, M. C. Gross, M. L. Dennis, and T. R. Clark, IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009).

Oikawa, S.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Orazi, R. J.

C. K. Sun, R. J. Orazi, and S. A. Pappert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 154 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pappert, S. A.

C. K. Sun, R. J. Orazi, and S. A. Pappert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 154 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Park, C. S.

C. S. Park, C. G. Lee, and C. S. Park, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 777 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Park, C. G. Lee, and C. S. Park, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 777 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Saitou, T.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shimotsu, S.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C. K.

C. K. Sun, R. J. Orazi, and S. A. Pappert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 154 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Twichell, J. C.

R. Helkey, J. C. Twichell, and C. Cox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 956 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Winnall, S. T.

A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yao, X. S.

X. S. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1382 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. K. Sun, R. J. Orazi, and S. A. Pappert, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 154 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Howerton, R. P. Moeller, G. K. Gopalakrishnan, and W. K. Burns, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1692 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. S. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1382 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Park, C. G. Lee, and C. S. Park, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 777 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, W. K. Burns, and C. H. Bulmer, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 41, 2383 (1993).

A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

E. H. W. Chan and R. A. Minasian, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3580 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Helkey, J. C. Twichell, and C. Cox, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 956 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol.

A. Loayssa, D. Benito, and M. J. Garde, Opt. Fiber Technol. 8, 24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. R. O’Connor, M. C. Gross, M. L. Dennis, and T. R. Clark, IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009).

B. M. Haas and T. E. Murphy, IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2009).

M. E. Manka, IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2008).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

New microwave photonic mixer based on stimulated Brillouin scattering carrier suppression technique.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Optical spectrum of the signals into the optical fiber in the SBS carrier suppression based microwave photonic mixer. (b) Output optical spectrum of the signals incident on the photodetector and the output of the SBS carrier suppression based microwave photonic mixer. ωc, ωLO, and ωRF are the carrier, LO, and RF signal angular frequency, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured output electrical spectrum of the SBS carrier suppression based microwave photonic mixer.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured conversion efficiency of the SBS carrier suppression based microwave photonic mixer versus the input RF signal frequency.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured conversion efficiency of the SBS carrier suppression based microwave photonic mixer as a function of the input RF signal power.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Eo(t)=Pintff1tff2GEDFA[αJ0(βRF)J0(βLO)cosωct2J1(βRF)J0(βLO)sinωctsinωRFt2J0(βRF)J1(βLO)sinωctsinωLOt4J1(βRF)J1(βLO)cosωctsinωRFt·sinωLOt],
IIF=RPintff1tff2GEDFA[1α]J0(βLO)J1(βLO)βRF,
G=Pin2tff12tff22GEDFA2(1α)2J0(βLO)2J1(βLO)2(πVπ)2R2RinRout,
PavgPintff1tff2GEDFA(12α2J0(βLO)2+J1(βLO)2).

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