Abstract

We study the generation of correlated photon pairs via spontaneous four-wave mixing (SFWM) in a 15 cm long micro/nano-fiber (MNF). The MNF is properly fabricated to satisfy the phase-matching condition for generating the signal and idler photon pairs at wavelengths of about 1310 and 851 nm, respectively. Photon-counting measurements yield a coincidence-to-accidental ratio of 530 for a photon production rate of about 0.002 (0.0005) per pulse in the signal (idler) band. We also analyze the spectral information of the signal photons originating from SFWM and Raman scattering (RS). In addition to discovering some unique features of RS, we find the bandwidth of the individual signal photons is much greater than the calculated value for the MNF with homogeneous structure. Our investigations indicate the MNF is a promising candidate for developing the sources of nonclassical light and the spectral property of photon pairs can be used to noninvasively test the diameter and homogeneity of the MNF.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  20. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier, 2005).

2012 (3)

X. Guo, X. Li, N. Liu, L. Yang, and Z. Y. Ou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 261111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Cui, X. Li, and N. Zhao, Phys. Rev. A 85, 023825 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Li, Y. Y. Zhao, and L. J. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 3441 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. D. Reid, P. D. Drummond, W. P. Bowen, E. G. Cavalcanti, P. K. Lam, H. A. Bachor, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Science 321, 544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (4)

2004 (2)

V. I. Balykin, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, J. Q. Liang, and M. Morinaga, Phys. Rev. A 70, 011401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 12, 3137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Y. Shih, Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1009 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, J. Opt. B 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

Q. Lin and G. P. Agrawal, Opt. Lett. 31, 3140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier, 2005).

Andersen, U. L.

M. D. Reid, P. D. Drummond, W. P. Bowen, E. G. Cavalcanti, P. K. Lam, H. A. Bachor, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bachor, H. A.

M. D. Reid, P. D. Drummond, W. P. Bowen, E. G. Cavalcanti, P. K. Lam, H. A. Bachor, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Balykin, V. I.

V. I. Balykin, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, J. Q. Liang, and M. Morinaga, Phys. Rev. A 70, 011401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Bowen, W. P.

M. D. Reid, P. D. Drummond, W. P. Bowen, E. G. Cavalcanti, P. K. Lam, H. A. Bachor, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, V.

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Science 321, 544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Braunstein, S. L.

S. L. Braunstein and P. Van Loock, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 513 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cavalcanti, E. G.

M. D. Reid, P. D. Drummond, W. P. Bowen, E. G. Cavalcanti, P. K. Lam, H. A. Bachor, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Cui, L.

L. Cui, X. Li, and N. Zhao, Phys. Rev. A 85, 023825 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dogariu, A.

Drummond, P. D.

M. D. Reid, P. D. Drummond, W. P. Bowen, E. G. Cavalcanti, P. K. Lam, H. A. Bachor, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Duligall, J.

Fan, J.

Fiorentino, M.

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

Friberg, S. R.

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, J. Opt. B 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fulconis, J.

Gaeta, A. L.

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Guo, X.

X. Guo, X. Li, N. Liu, L. Yang, and Z. Y. Ou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 261111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hakuta, K.

V. I. Balykin, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, J. Q. Liang, and M. Morinaga, Phys. Rev. A 70, 011401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C. K.

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, J. Opt. B 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kien, F. L.

V. I. Balykin, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, J. Q. Liang, and M. Morinaga, Phys. Rev. A 70, 011401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

Lam, P. K.

M. D. Reid, P. D. Drummond, W. P. Bowen, E. G. Cavalcanti, P. K. Lam, H. A. Bachor, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. F.

Lett, P. D.

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Science 321, 544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leuchs, G.

M. D. Reid, P. D. Drummond, W. P. Bowen, E. G. Cavalcanti, P. K. Lam, H. A. Bachor, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

L. Cui, X. Li, and N. Zhao, Phys. Rev. A 85, 023825 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Guo, X. Li, N. Liu, L. Yang, and Z. Y. Ou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 261111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 13, 2236 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. H.

Liang, J. Q.

V. I. Balykin, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, J. Q. Liang, and M. Morinaga, Phys. Rev. A 70, 011401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

Lipson, M.

Liu, N.

X. Guo, X. Li, N. Liu, L. Yang, and Z. Y. Ou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 261111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Marino, A. M.

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Science 321, 544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Morinaga, M.

V. I. Balykin, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, J. Q. Liang, and M. Morinaga, Phys. Rev. A 70, 011401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ou, Z. Y.

X. Guo, X. Li, N. Liu, L. Yang, and Z. Y. Ou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 261111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pooser, R. C.

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Science 321, 544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rarity, J.

Reid, M. D.

M. D. Reid, P. D. Drummond, W. P. Bowen, E. G. Cavalcanti, P. K. Lam, H. A. Bachor, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

Russell, P. S. J.

Schmidt, B. S.

Sharping, J. E.

Shih, Y.

Y. Shih, Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1009 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sumetsky, M.

L. Tong and M. Sumetsky, Subwavelength and Nanometer Diameter Optical Fibers (Zhejiang University and Springer-Verlag, 2010).

Tittel, W.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L.

L. Tong and M. Sumetsky, Subwavelength and Nanometer Diameter Optical Fibers (Zhejiang University and Springer-Verlag, 2010).

Turner, A. C.

Van Loock, P.

S. L. Braunstein and P. Van Loock, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 513 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Voss, P. L.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, Opt. Express 13, 2236 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wang, L. J.

Yang, L.

X. Guo, X. Li, N. Liu, L. Yang, and Z. Y. Ou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 261111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, N.

L. Cui, X. Li, and N. Zhao, Phys. Rev. A 85, 023825 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Guo, X. Li, N. Liu, L. Yang, and Z. Y. Ou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 261111 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B (1)

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, J. Opt. B 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

V. I. Balykin, K. Hakuta, F. L. Kien, J. Q. Liang, and M. Morinaga, Phys. Rev. A 70, 011401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Cui, X. Li, and N. Zhao, Phys. Rev. A 85, 023825 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

Y. Shih, Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 1009 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (3)

M. D. Reid, P. D. Drummond, W. P. Bowen, E. G. Cavalcanti, P. K. Lam, H. A. Bachor, U. L. Andersen, and G. Leuchs, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Braunstein and P. Van Loock, Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 513 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, Science 321, 544 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

L. Tong and M. Sumetsky, Subwavelength and Nanometer Diameter Optical Fibers (Zhejiang University and Springer-Verlag, 2010).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier, 2005).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Calculated results of (a) GVD and (b) SFWM phase-matching curves for the MNFs with different diameters.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup. See text for details.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Counting rate of (a) individual signal and (b) idler photons, Ns and Ni, versus the pump power Pa (solid circles). The solid curve is the fitting of second-order polynomial function Ns(i)=s1Pa+s2Pa2, with the dashed line and dot dashed curve, respectively, representing the linear and quadratic parts. (c) Twofold coincidence counting rates and (d) CAR versus Pa. The error bars of the data are within the size of the data points.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Counting rate of signal photons in each CWDM channel, including the total rate (columns) and the rates originating from the SFWM (hollow circles) and the RS (hollow diamonds). (a) and (b) are obtained for λp=1031.8 and λp=1050.3nm, respectively.

Equations (2)

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2/λp=1/λs+1/λi,
2kpkski2γPp=0.

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