Abstract

Direct compression of femtosecond optical pulses from a Ti:sapphire laser oscillator was realized with a cholesteric liquid crystal acting as a nonlinear 1D periodic Bragg grating. With a 6 μm thick sample, the pulse duration could be compressed from 100 to 48 fs. Coupled-mode equations for forward and backward waves were employed to simulate the dynamics therein, and good agreement between theory and experiment was obtained.

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[CrossRef]

C. Monat, M. de Sterke, and B. J. Eggleton, J. Opt. 12, 104003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipocs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4566 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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W. D. St. John, W. J. Fritz, Z. J. Lu, and D.-K. Yang, Phys. Rev. E 51, 1191 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

P. Palffy-Muhoray, H. J. Yuan, L. Li, M. A. Lee, J. R. Desalvo, T. H. Wei, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 291 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1980 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

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E. B. Treacy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

Anderson, M. E.

Biegert, J.

Broderick, N. G. R.

N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4566 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bromberg, Y.

O. Katz, E. Small, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, Nat. Photonics 5, 372 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bunning, T. J.

Chang, H. J.

Colman, P.

P. Colman, C. Husko, S. Combrie, I. Sagnes, C. W. Wong, and A. De Rossi, Nat. Photonics 4, 862 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Combrie, S.

P. Colman, C. Husko, S. Combrie, I. Sagnes, C. W. Wong, and A. De Rossi, Nat. Photonics 4, 862 (2010).
[CrossRef]

De Rossi, A.

P. Colman, C. Husko, S. Combrie, I. Sagnes, C. W. Wong, and A. De Rossi, Nat. Photonics 4, 862 (2010).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

de Sterke, C. M.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, M.

C. Monat, M. de Sterke, and B. J. Eggleton, J. Opt. 12, 104003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Desalvo, J. R.

P. Palffy-Muhoray, H. J. Yuan, L. Li, M. A. Lee, J. R. Desalvo, T. H. Wei, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 291 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

C. Monat, M. de Sterke, and B. J. Eggleton, J. Opt. 12, 104003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ferencz, K.

Fork, R. L.

Fritz, W. J.

W. D. St. John, W. J. Fritz, Z. J. Lu, and D.-K. Yang, Phys. Rev. E 51, 1191 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

R. L. Fork, O. E. Martinez, and J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 9, 150 (1984).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ha, N. Y.

Hagan, D. J.

P. Palffy-Muhoray, H. J. Yuan, L. Li, M. A. Lee, J. R. Desalvo, T. H. Wei, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 291 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hrozhyk, U. A.

Husko, C.

P. Colman, C. Husko, S. Combrie, I. Sagnes, C. W. Wong, and A. De Rossi, Nat. Photonics 4, 862 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, J.

Ibsen, M.

N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4566 (1997).
[CrossRef]

John, W. D. St.

W. D. St. John, W. J. Fritz, Z. J. Lu, and D.-K. Yang, Phys. Rev. E 51, 1191 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Katz, O.

O. Katz, E. Small, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, Nat. Photonics 5, 372 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Khoo, I. C.

I. C. Khoo, Liquid Crystal (Wiley, 2007).

Krausz, F.

Krug, P. A.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laming, R. I.

N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4566 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. A.

P. Palffy-Muhoray, H. J. Yuan, L. Li, M. A. Lee, J. R. Desalvo, T. H. Wei, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 291 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

P. Palffy-Muhoray, H. J. Yuan, L. Li, M. A. Lee, J. R. Desalvo, T. H. Wei, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 291 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. B.

Lu, Z. J.

W. D. St. John, W. J. Fritz, Z. J. Lu, and D.-K. Yang, Phys. Rev. E 51, 1191 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, O. E.

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Monat, C.

C. Monat, M. de Sterke, and B. J. Eggleton, J. Opt. 12, 104003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morita, R.

Nisoli, M.

Oka, K.

Palffy-Muhoray, P.

P. Palffy-Muhoray, H. J. Yuan, L. Li, M. A. Lee, J. R. Desalvo, T. H. Wei, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 291 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Park, B.

Poon, P.

Richardson, D. J.

N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4566 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sagnes, I.

P. Colman, C. Husko, S. Combrie, I. Sagnes, C. W. Wong, and A. De Rossi, Nat. Photonics 4, 862 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

Sartania, S.

Schenkel, B.

Serak, S. V.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

P. Palffy-Muhoray, H. J. Yuan, L. Li, M. A. Lee, J. R. Desalvo, T. H. Wei, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 291 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

O. Katz, E. Small, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, Nat. Photonics 5, 372 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Small, E.

O. Katz, E. Small, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, Nat. Photonics 5, 372 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

Stagira, S.

Stolen, R. H.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Suguro, A.

Svelto, O.

Szipocs, R.

Tabiryan, N. V.

Taverner, D.

N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4566 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thornes, J.

Tian, J. G.

Treacy, E. B.

E. B. Treacy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

P. Palffy-Muhoray, H. J. Yuan, L. Li, M. A. Lee, J. R. Desalvo, T. H. Wei, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 291 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

Wei, T. H.

P. Palffy-Muhoray, H. J. Yuan, L. Li, M. A. Lee, J. R. Desalvo, T. H. Wei, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 291 (1991).
[CrossRef]

White, T. J.

Wong, C. W.

P. Colman, C. Husko, S. Combrie, I. Sagnes, C. W. Wong, and A. De Rossi, Nat. Photonics 4, 862 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J. W.

Yamane, K.

Yamashita, M.

Yan, X. Q.

Yang, D.-K.

W. D. St. John, W. J. Fritz, Z. J. Lu, and D.-K. Yang, Phys. Rev. E 51, 1191 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, H. J.

P. Palffy-Muhoray, H. J. Yuan, L. Li, M. A. Lee, J. R. Desalvo, T. H. Wei, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 291 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zang, W. P.

Zhang, X. L.

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. B. Treacy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

C. Monat, M. de Sterke, and B. J. Eggleton, J. Opt. 12, 104003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

P. Palffy-Muhoray, H. J. Yuan, L. Li, M. A. Lee, J. R. Desalvo, T. H. Wei, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 207, 291 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

O. Katz, E. Small, Y. Bromberg, and Y. Silberberg, Nat. Photonics 5, 372 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Colman, C. Husko, S. Combrie, I. Sagnes, C. W. Wong, and A. De Rossi, Nat. Photonics 4, 862 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

W. D. St. John, W. J. Fritz, Z. J. Lu, and D.-K. Yang, Phys. Rev. E 51, 1191 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4566 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007).

I. C. Khoo, Liquid Crystal (Wiley, 2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Transmission spectrum of CLC from linearly polarized light. (b) Transmission variation with the input laser intensity with the wavelength located at 815 nm. The 815 nm is left-handed circularly polarized.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of experimental setup for fs pulse compression with a CLC. G.T.Prism, Glan–Taylor prism; B.S., beam splitter; M, mirror; BBO, barium boron oxide.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental results of fs pulse compression. The initial transform limited pulse (100 fs) is shown as a black line, while the output profile corresponding to an input intensity of 1.04GW/cm2 is shown as a red line (48 fs); the inset figure corresponds to the simulation results using the measured experimental parameters.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental results of spectrum broadening. The initial pulse spectrum is shown as a black line, while that of the output pulse with injected intensity of 1.04GW/cm2 is shown as a red line; the inset figure corresponds to simulation results of the spectrum (solid lines) and spectral phase (dashed lines).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental and theoretical results for the pulse compression.

Equations (2)

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n=neff+Δncos(2πz/Λ)+n2|ECP|2,
1vgE±CPt=E±CPz+iδE±CP+iκECPiγ(|E±CP|2+2|ECP|2)E±CP,

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