Abstract

We describe temporal compression of ultrabroadband, few microjoule mid-infrared (mid-IR) pulses from a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier (NOPA) employed in a sum-frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopic system, operating in total-internal-reflection geometry. The propagation of the mid-IR beam through optical materials results in a significant temporal chirp at the probed interface, which is analyzed and corrected by properly managing the total dispersion of materials introduced into the mid-IR beam path. By employing the simultaneous spatial and temporal focusing of the broadband infrared pulses at the probed interface, we achieve a sub-50-fs full width at half-maximum (FWHM) for the instrument response function, measured via SFG cross correlation of the ultrashort mid-IR pulses with an ultrashort (30fs) near-IR pulse from a synchronized, independently tunable NOPA. From the SFG cross-correlation FWHM, we extract a sub-30-fs mid-IR pulse duration, making it a suitable SFG spectroscopic system to investigate vibrational dynamics in hydrogen-bonded systems at interfaces.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, Nature 434, 199 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, J. Opt. 12, 013001 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. O. Isaienko and E. Borguet, Opt. Express 16, 3949 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Brida, M. Marangoni, C. Manzoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, Opt. Lett. 33, 2901 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. J. Fecko, J. J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, Opt. Commun. 241, 521 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2010 (3)

A. Lagutchev, A. Lozano, P. Mukherjee, S. A. Hambir, and D. D. Dlott, Spectrochim. Acta A 75, 1289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, J. Opt. 12, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Heese, C. R. Phillips, L. Gallmann, M. M. Fejer, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 35, 2340 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

O. Chalus, P. K. Bates, M. Smolarski, and J. Biegert, Opt. Express 17, 3587 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Eftekhari-Bafrooei and E. Borguet, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 12034 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2005 (3)

N. A. Anderson and T. Lian, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 56, 491 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhu, J. van Howe, M. Durst, W. Zipfel, and C. Xu, Opt. Express 13, 2153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

C. J. Fecko, J. J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, Opt. Commun. 241, 521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. B. Asbury, T. Steinel, C. Stromberg, K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, A. Goun, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 237402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2000 (1)

D. Bodlaki and E. Borguet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4050 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, N. A.

N. A. Anderson and T. Lian, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 56, 491 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Asbury, J. B.

J. B. Asbury, T. Steinel, C. Stromberg, K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, A. Goun, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 237402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bates, P. K.

Biegert, J.

Bodlaki, D.

D. Bodlaki and E. Borguet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4050 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bonora, S.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, J. Opt. 12, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Borguet, E.

Brida, D.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, J. Opt. 12, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Brida, M. Marangoni, C. Manzoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, Opt. Lett. 33, 2901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bruner, B. D.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, J. Opt. 12, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Brida, M. Marangoni, C. Manzoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, Opt. Lett. 33, 2901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chalus, O.

Chugh, B.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cirmi, G.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, J. Opt. 12, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cowan, M. L.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Daimon, M.

De Silvestri, S.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, J. Opt. 12, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Brida, M. Marangoni, C. Manzoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, Opt. Lett. 33, 2901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Demirdöven, N.

Dlott, D. D.

A. Lagutchev, A. Lozano, P. Mukherjee, S. A. Hambir, and D. D. Dlott, Spectrochim. Acta A 75, 1289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Durst, M.

Dwyer, J. R.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eftekhari-Bafrooei, A.

A. Eftekhari-Bafrooei and E. Borguet, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 12034 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Elsaesser, T.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fayer, M. D.

J. B. Asbury, T. Steinel, C. Stromberg, K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, A. Goun, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 237402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fecko, C. J.

C. J. Fecko, J. J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, Opt. Commun. 241, 521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Gaffney, K. J.

J. B. Asbury, T. Steinel, C. Stromberg, K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, A. Goun, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 237402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gallmann, L.

Golonzka, O.

Goun, A.

J. B. Asbury, T. Steinel, C. Stromberg, K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, A. Goun, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 237402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hambir, S. A.

A. Lagutchev, A. Lozano, P. Mukherjee, S. A. Hambir, and D. D. Dlott, Spectrochim. Acta A 75, 1289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Heese, C.

Huse, N.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Isaienko, O.

Keller, U.

Khalil, M.

Lagutchev, A.

A. Lagutchev, A. Lozano, P. Mukherjee, S. A. Hambir, and D. D. Dlott, Spectrochim. Acta A 75, 1289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lian, T.

N. A. Anderson and T. Lian, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 56, 491 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Loparo, J. J.

C. J. Fecko, J. J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, Opt. Commun. 241, 521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lozano, A.

A. Lagutchev, A. Lozano, P. Mukherjee, S. A. Hambir, and D. D. Dlott, Spectrochim. Acta A 75, 1289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Manzoni, C.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, J. Opt. 12, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Brida, M. Marangoni, C. Manzoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, Opt. Lett. 33, 2901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marangoni, M.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, J. Opt. 12, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Brida, M. Marangoni, C. Manzoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, Opt. Lett. 33, 2901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Masumura, A.

Miller, R. J. D.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, P.

A. Lagutchev, A. Lozano, P. Mukherjee, S. A. Hambir, and D. D. Dlott, Spectrochim. Acta A 75, 1289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nibbering, E. T. J.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, C. R.

Piletic, I. R.

J. B. Asbury, T. Steinel, C. Stromberg, K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, A. Goun, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 237402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smolarski, M.

Steinel, T.

J. B. Asbury, T. Steinel, C. Stromberg, K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, A. Goun, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 237402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stromberg, C.

J. B. Asbury, T. Steinel, C. Stromberg, K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, A. Goun, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 237402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tokmakoff, A.

C. J. Fecko, J. J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, Opt. Commun. 241, 521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Demirdöven, M. Khalil, O. Golonzka, and A. Tokmakoff, Opt. Lett. 27, 433 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van Howe, J.

Villoresi, P.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, J. Opt. 12, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

Zhu, G.

Zipfel, W.

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

N. A. Anderson and T. Lian, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 56, 491 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

A. Eftekhari-Bafrooei and E. Borguet, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 12034 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, J. Opt. 12, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. J. Fecko, J. J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, Opt. Commun. 241, 521 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. B. Asbury, T. Steinel, C. Stromberg, K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, A. Goun, and M. D. Fayer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 237402 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

D. Bodlaki and E. Borguet, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4050 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta A (1)

A. Lagutchev, A. Lozano, P. Mukherjee, S. A. Hambir, and D. D. Dlott, Spectrochim. Acta A 75, 1289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup: BS, beam splitters (BS1 and BS2, 60% transmission; BS3, 90% transmission); FM, flip-mounted mirror; WP, half-wave plate; L, lenses; Sa, sapphire window; NBF, narrowband filter; Si-w, silicon wafers; P, 69.6°-apex angle fused silica prisms; Si, 5 mm thick IR coated silicon window; Si-F, 1 mm thick silicon long-pass filter; CaF2, hemi-cylinder prism.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Vis-SFG spectra (symbol plots) obtained at different time delays (as indicated) and without the 5 mm Si window in the mid-IR optical path. Solid line shows the Vis-SFG spectrum obtained at a single time delay and with the 5 mm thick Si window introduced into the mid-IR beam path. (b) NIR-SFG spectra obtained at different time delays (as indicated) and with the 5 mm thick Si window introduced into the mid-IR beam path.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Simulated group delay (τ) in a mid-IR pulse centered at 3250cm1 after propagation in 2.5 mm thick KNB and 20 mm thick CaF2 (dashed line), and 6 mm thick Si (dotted line). The solid line is a sum of the two effects. Triangles represent the delay-center of mass (CoM) of Vis-SFG spectra shown in Fig. 2(a), i.e., before the silicon plate was added. Open circles represent the CoM of NIR-SFG spectra shown in Fig. 2(b), i.e., after the silicon plate is inserted. (b) NIR-SFG cross correlation plotted as integrated intensity of NIR-SFG spectra versus time delay between the compressed mid-IR and the NIR pulses.

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