Abstract

We have demonstrated upconversion detection at the single photon level in the 2 μm spectral window using a pump wavelength near 1550 nm, a periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguide, and a volume Bragg grating (VBG) to reduce noise. We achieve a system photon detection efficiency of 10%, with a noise count rate of 24,500 counts per second, competitive with other 2 μm single photon detection technologies. This detector has potential applications in environmental gas monitoring, life science, and classical and quantum communication.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (3)

2012 (2)

J. Li, U. Parchatka, R. Königstedt, and H. Fischer, Opt. Express 20, 7590 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Pelc, G. L. Shentu, Q. Zhang, M. M. Fejer, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. A 86, 033827 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

M. N. Abedin, M. G. Mlynczak, and T. F. Refaat, Proc. SPIE 7808, 78080V1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Kim, C. Young, B. Vidakovic, S. G. A. Gabram-Mendola, C. W. Bayer, and B. Mizaikoff, IEEE Sens. J. 10, 145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, Appl. Phys. B 90, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. R. McCurdy, Y. Bakhirkin, G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, and F. K. Tittel, J. Breath Res. 1, 014001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

D. Bukstein, M. Kraft, A. H. Liu, and S. P. Peters, J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 118, S1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, Opt. Lett. 29, 1449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

C. Shimamoto, I. Hirata, and K. Katsu, Hepato-gastroenterology 47, 443 (2000).

1990 (1)

Abedin, M. N.

M. N. Abedin, M. G. Mlynczak, and T. F. Refaat, Proc. SPIE 7808, 78080V1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Albota, M. A.

Amediek, A.

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, Appl. Phys. B 90, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bakhirkin, Y.

M. R. McCurdy, Y. Bakhirkin, G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, and F. K. Tittel, J. Breath Res. 1, 014001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bayer, C. W.

S. S. Kim, C. Young, B. Vidakovic, S. G. A. Gabram-Mendola, C. W. Bayer, and B. Mizaikoff, IEEE Sens. J. 10, 145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Bukstein, D.

D. Bukstein, M. Kraft, A. H. Liu, and S. P. Peters, J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 118, S1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Couny, F.

Diamanti, E.

Ehret, G.

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, Appl. Phys. B 90, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Farr, L.

Fejer, M. M.

Fischer, H.

Fix, A.

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, Appl. Phys. B 90, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fujimura, M.

Gabram-Mendola, S. G. A.

S. S. Kim, C. Young, B. Vidakovic, S. G. A. Gabram-Mendola, C. W. Bayer, and B. Mizaikoff, IEEE Sens. J. 10, 145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

X. Gu, K. Huang, H. Pan, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055401 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hirata, I.

C. Shimamoto, I. Hirata, and K. Katsu, Hepato-gastroenterology 47, 443 (2000).

Houghton, J.

J. Houghton, Rep. Prog. Phys. 68, 1343 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Houweling, S.

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, Appl. Phys. B 90, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, K.

X. Gu, K. Huang, H. Pan, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055401 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Katsu, K.

C. Shimamoto, I. Hirata, and K. Katsu, Hepato-gastroenterology 47, 443 (2000).

Kiemle, C.

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, Appl. Phys. B 90, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. S.

S. S. Kim, C. Young, B. Vidakovic, S. G. A. Gabram-Mendola, C. W. Bayer, and B. Mizaikoff, IEEE Sens. J. 10, 145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. S.

Knight, J. C.

Königstedt, R.

Kraft, M.

D. Bukstein, M. Kraft, A. H. Liu, and S. P. Peters, J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 118, S1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

Kuo, P. S.

Kurz, J. R.

Kwiat, P. G.

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).

Langrock, C.

Lewicki, R.

M. R. McCurdy, Y. Bakhirkin, G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, and F. K. Tittel, J. Breath Res. 1, 014001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Liu, A. H.

D. Bukstein, M. Kraft, A. H. Liu, and S. P. Peters, J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 118, S1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.

Mangan, B. J.

Mason, M. W.

McCurdy, M. R.

M. R. McCurdy, Y. Bakhirkin, G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, and F. K. Tittel, J. Breath Res. 1, 014001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Menzies, R. T.

Mizaikoff, B.

S. S. Kim, C. Young, B. Vidakovic, S. G. A. Gabram-Mendola, C. W. Bayer, and B. Mizaikoff, IEEE Sens. J. 10, 145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mlynczak, M. G.

M. N. Abedin, M. G. Mlynczak, and T. F. Refaat, Proc. SPIE 7808, 78080V1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pan, H.

X. Gu, K. Huang, H. Pan, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055401 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pan, J. W.

Parameswaran, K. R.

Parchatka, U.

Pelc, J. S.

Peters, S. P.

D. Bukstein, M. Kraft, A. H. Liu, and S. P. Peters, J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 118, S1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, C. R.

Refaat, T. F.

M. N. Abedin, M. G. Mlynczak, and T. F. Refaat, Proc. SPIE 7808, 78080V1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, P. J.

Roussev, R. V.

Route, R. K.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sabert, H.

Shentu, G. L.

Shimamoto, C.

C. Shimamoto, I. Hirata, and K. Katsu, Hepato-gastroenterology 47, 443 (2000).

Slattery, O.

Sun, Q. C.

Takesue, H.

Tang, X.

Thew, R. T.

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F. K.

M. R. McCurdy, Y. Bakhirkin, G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, and F. K. Tittel, J. Breath Res. 1, 014001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, A.

Tratt, D. M.

Vandevender, A. P.

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).

Vidakovic, B.

S. S. Kim, C. Young, B. Vidakovic, S. G. A. Gabram-Mendola, C. W. Bayer, and B. Mizaikoff, IEEE Sens. J. 10, 145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. D.

Williams, D. P.

Wirth, M.

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, Appl. Phys. B 90, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wong, F. N. C.

Wu, E.

X. Gu, K. Huang, H. Pan, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055401 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, G.

M. R. McCurdy, Y. Bakhirkin, G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, and F. K. Tittel, J. Breath Res. 1, 014001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

Young, C.

S. S. Kim, C. Young, B. Vidakovic, S. G. A. Gabram-Mendola, C. W. Bayer, and B. Mizaikoff, IEEE Sens. J. 10, 145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

X. Gu, K. Huang, H. Pan, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055401 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Zheng, M. Y.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

G. Ehret, C. Kiemle, M. Wirth, A. Amediek, A. Fix, and S. Houweling, Appl. Phys. B 90, 593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hepato-gastroenterology (1)

C. Shimamoto, I. Hirata, and K. Katsu, Hepato-gastroenterology 47, 443 (2000).

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

S. S. Kim, C. Young, B. Vidakovic, S. G. A. Gabram-Mendola, C. W. Bayer, and B. Mizaikoff, IEEE Sens. J. 10, 145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (1)

D. Bukstein, M. Kraft, A. H. Liu, and S. P. Peters, J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 118, S1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Breath Res. (1)

M. R. McCurdy, Y. Bakhirkin, G. Wysocki, R. Lewicki, and F. K. Tittel, J. Breath Res. 1, 014001 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1433 (2004).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Gu, K. Huang, H. Pan, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 055401 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. S. Pelc, G. L. Shentu, Q. Zhang, M. M. Fejer, and J. W. Pan, Phys. Rev. A 86, 033827 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. N. Abedin, M. G. Mlynczak, and T. F. Refaat, Proc. SPIE 7808, 78080V1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

J. Houghton, Rep. Prog. Phys. 68, 1343 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Superconducting Nanotechnology, Moscow, Russia, “Super-conducting single-photon detector,” http://scontel.ru/images/detectors/sspd_data.pdf .

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the upconversion single photon detector at 2 μm. BS, beam splitter; M1-M2, mirrors.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

DE (purple triangles) and noise count rate (blue squares) versus pump power. DE is fitted.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Signal depletion versus pump power.

Equations (1)

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RaSRs=(ωbωa)3exp[hΔω2πkT].

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