Abstract

We present a novel optical fiber surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor scheme using reflected guided cladding modes captured by a double-clad fiber coupler and excited in a gold-coated fiber with a tilted Bragg grating. This new interrogation approach, based on the reflection spectrum, provides an improvement in the operating range of the device over previous techniques. The device allows detection of SPR in the reflected guided cladding modes and also in the transmitted spectrum, allowing comparison with standard techniques. The sensor has a large operating range from 1.335 to 1.432 RIU, and a sensitivity of 510.5nm/RIU. The device shows strong dependence on the polarization state of the guided core mode which can be used to turn the SPR on or off.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (3)

2012 (2)

C. Caucheteur, V. Voisin, P. Megret, and J. Albert, Proc. SPIE 8421, 84214U (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Gagné and R. Kashyap, Proc. SPIE 8243, 824314 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

C. Holmes, K. R. Daly, I. J. G. Sparrow, J. C. Gates, G. D’Alessandro, and P. G. R. Smith, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 777 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Caucheteur, Y. Shevchenko, L.-Y. Shao, M. Wuilpart, and J. Albert, Opt. Express 19, 1656 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

S. Singh, K. Verma, and B. D. Gupta, Sens. Transducers J. 100, 116 (2009).

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, Sens. Actuators B 139, 199 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

1993 (1)

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 12, 213 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

Baiad, M. D.

Boudoux, C.

Caucheteur, C.

C. Caucheteur, V. Voisin, and J. Albert, Opt. Express 21, 3055 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Albert, L.-Y. Shao, and C. Caucheteur, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 83 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Caucheteur, V. Voisin, P. Megret, and J. Albert, Proc. SPIE 8421, 84214U (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Caucheteur, Y. Shevchenko, L.-Y. Shao, M. Wuilpart, and J. Albert, Opt. Express 19, 1656 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C.-F.

Chen, C.

D’Alessandro, G.

C. Holmes, K. R. Daly, I. J. G. Sparrow, J. C. Gates, G. D’Alessandro, and P. G. R. Smith, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 777 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dakka, M. A.

Daly, K. R.

C. Holmes, K. R. Daly, I. J. G. Sparrow, J. C. Gates, G. D’Alessandro, and P. G. R. Smith, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 777 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Daxhelet, X.

De Montigny, E.

Gagné, M.

Gates, J. C.

C. Holmes, K. R. Daly, I. J. G. Sparrow, J. C. Gates, G. D’Alessandro, and P. G. R. Smith, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 777 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Godbout, N.

Gupta, B. D.

S. Singh, K. Verma, and B. D. Gupta, Sens. Transducers J. 100, 116 (2009).

Holmes, C.

C. Holmes, K. R. Daly, I. J. G. Sparrow, J. C. Gates, G. D’Alessandro, and P. G. R. Smith, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 777 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Homola, J.

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, Sens. Actuators B 139, 199 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jafari, A.

Jorgenson, R. C.

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 12, 213 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

M. D. Baiad, M. Gagné, S. Lemire-Renaud, E. De Montigny, W.-J. Madore, N. Godbout, C. Boudoux, and R. Kashyap, Opt. Express 21, 6873 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Gagné and R. Kashyap, Proc. SPIE 8243, 824314 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic, 2009).

Kvasnicka, P.

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, Sens. Actuators B 139, 199 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laronche, A.

Lemire-Renaud, S.

Madore, W.-J.

Megret, P.

C. Caucheteur, V. Voisin, P. Megret, and J. Albert, Proc. SPIE 8421, 84214U (2012).
[CrossRef]

Morneau, D.

Piliarik, M.

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, Sens. Actuators B 139, 199 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rajarajan, M.

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, Sens. Actuators B 139, 199 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rivard, M.

Shao, L.-Y.

Shevchenko, Y.

Shevchenko, Y. Y.

Singh, S.

S. Singh, K. Verma, and B. D. Gupta, Sens. Transducers J. 100, 116 (2009).

Smith, P. G. R.

C. Holmes, K. R. Daly, I. J. G. Sparrow, J. C. Gates, G. D’Alessandro, and P. G. R. Smith, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 777 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Špacková, B.

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, Sens. Actuators B 139, 199 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sparrow, I. J. G.

C. Holmes, K. R. Daly, I. J. G. Sparrow, J. C. Gates, G. D’Alessandro, and P. G. R. Smith, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 777 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Strupler, M.

Themistos, C.

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, Sens. Actuators B 139, 199 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, D. J.

Verma, K.

S. Singh, K. Verma, and B. D. Gupta, Sens. Transducers J. 100, 116 (2009).

Verpillat, F.

Voisin, V.

C. Caucheteur, V. Voisin, and J. Albert, Opt. Express 21, 3055 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Caucheteur, V. Voisin, P. Megret, and J. Albert, Proc. SPIE 8421, 84214U (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wuilpart, M.

Yee, S. S.

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 12, 213 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

C. Holmes, K. R. Daly, I. J. G. Sparrow, J. C. Gates, G. D’Alessandro, and P. G. R. Smith, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 777 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

J. Albert, L.-Y. Shao, and C. Caucheteur, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 83 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (2)

C. Caucheteur, V. Voisin, P. Megret, and J. Albert, Proc. SPIE 8421, 84214U (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Gagné and R. Kashyap, Proc. SPIE 8243, 824314 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (2)

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, Sens. Actuators B 139, 199 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 12, 213 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Transducers J. (1)

S. Singh, K. Verma, and B. D. Gupta, Sens. Transducers J. 100, 116 (2009).

Other (1)

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic, 2009).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the proposed SPR sensor. Light from a broadband source (BBS) is coupled to a gold-coated TFBG through the core of a DCFC. Reflected cladding modes are collected at branch (2) of the DCFC and characterized by the optical spectrum analyzer (OSA).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission of the core mode (black) and reflection of the core and cladding modes (red) spectra from the gold-coated 6° TFBG when the device is in air.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Calculated reflectance with respect to the incidence angle for four SRI values at 1550 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dependence of the resonant SPR and the cladding mode incident angles on the SRI for the four-layer structure. For each SRI data point, two or more cladding modes get affected and match the PM condition.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

SPR excitation and shift in transmission (black) and in reflection (red) with wavelength as a function of the SRI. (a) SRI=1.335RIU, (b) SRI=1.390RIU, (c) SRI=1.410RIU, (d) SRI=1.430RIU. Arrows indicate the SPR signature.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Transmission (top) and reflection (bottom) spectra of two orthogonal linear states in SRI=1.370 to turn the SPR on (black) and off (red, offset by 15 dB).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Shift of the SPR wavelength as a function of the SRI.

Equations (2)

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nclsin(θcl)=Re(εm×εdεm+εd),
ncleff=λcl×cos(θ)Λneff,

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